Thornton-le-Dale

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Thornton-le-Dale
Beck Isle Cottage - geograph.org.uk - 1719430.jpg
A traditional cottage, now the Beck Isle museum
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thornton-le-Dale
Location within North Yorkshire
Population1,759 (2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SE834830
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PICKERING
Postcode district YO18
Dialling code 01751
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°14′12″N0°43′19″W / 54.23678°N 0.72183°W / 54.23678; -0.72183 Coordinates: 54°14′12″N0°43′19″W / 54.23678°N 0.72183°W / 54.23678; -0.72183

Thornton-le-Dale (also called Thornton Dale) is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Pickering on the edge of the North York Moors National Park. The area of the village encompasses 39.2 square kilometres. [2]

Contents

A thatched building, called Beck Isle or Thatched Cottage and Grade II listed, was built in the 17th century and modified/extended in the 20th. [3] The building has appeared on countless calendars and chocolate boxes over the years. A new thatched roof was installed in 2014 so it remains picturesque. [4] A stream, the Thornton Beck, meanders along the streets and is crossed by several bridges. Much of the village was designated as a Conservation Area by the North York Moors. [5] Thornton-le-Dale is often regarded as one of the prettiest in Yorkshire. [6]

The village lies on the A170 road from Thirsk to Scarborough within the National Park. The route of The White Rose Way, a long distance walk from Leeds to Scarborough, also passes through.

History

In the Domesday Book of 1086, the settlement, with a population of 30, appears in three entries; it was then known as Torentune. Other nearby small settlements included Roxby, Farmanby, Thornton, Ellerburn and Leidtorp; four of these eventually joined to become the village. [7] In 1066, the Lord was Earl Morcar and by 1086, the Crown (King William) owned this area; [8] it was later transferred to Count Odo and his wife. By 1281, a Manor was built here, owned by John De Easton. In 1661, the owner was the Hill family; they built a new manor on the site of the old one. [9] A 1921 report indicated the owner as Captain Richard Hill. [10] Known as The Hall, and Grade II listed, the manor is now a residential care home for the elderly. The building's origins are stated as 17th century, "probably with earlier origins". [11] [12]

There was a mill on Thornton Beck from at least 1200; the current mill was built in the 18th century. By 1277, there was also a mill at Ellerburn. Weaving was a common industry from the 14th to the 18th century. The beck was diverted in the 19th century when a large mill complex with sluice gates was built. [13]

In the Middle Ages, Roxby, just west of the village, was a separate manor, which fell into the hands of the Cholmeley family in 1499. [14] Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet, was born at Roxby Castle, then known as Thorton-on-the-Hill. [15] The remains on Roxby Hill are a Scheduled Ancient Monument although none of the buildings remain. [16] [17] The area is also Grade II listed as "ridge and furrow earthworks [and] cultivation strips". [18]

Richard Rolle, the English hermit mystic, was probably born in Thornton-le-Dale in the 1300s. He authored many books on religious topics. [19]

All Saints' Church, Thornton-le-Dale Thornton le dale all saints church feb 2009 (Nigel Coates).jpg
All Saints' Church, Thornton-le-Dale

All Saints' Church, Grade II listed, is centuries old and was altered several times: entirely rebuilt in the 14th century, though some earlier aspects still remain, and modified in 1681 and 1865. [20] The existing copy of the church register includes listings as far back as 1538. [10] Comber House, the former rectory on Church Hill, designed c.1840 by J. P. Prichett, is also Grade II listed. [21]

St Hilda's Church, Grade II listed, is in the tiny village of Ellerburn which is part of Thornton-le-Dale. The original building dates to the early Norman period, and according to some sources, to the Saxon era, as early as 850 or 1050. It was restored and modified in 1904-1905 and in 1911. [17] [22] Today, there are a few other churches in or near Thornton-le-Dale. [23]

In 1670, 12 almshouses and a school were built, thanks to an endowment left by Elizabeth, Viscountess Lumley who had died years earlier; [24] her family had owned much of the land in the area. [25] The buildings, between the village green and the bridge, are supported by the Lady Lumley's Almshouse Trust. In 2014, a major renovation was completed on the 12 bungalows by the Trust on the Grade II listed buildings in 2014. They have been inhabited for some time as age-specific housing. [26] The Old Grammar School had space for 200 students and remained in use until the 20th century; it is now used for other purposes. [27] Another school, the Lady Lumley's School in nearby Pickering, is still in use, as a coeducational secondary school and sixth form. The only current school in Thornton Dale is the CE School school, with 133 students in 2018, operated by the Church of England. [28]

In 1801, the population was 1,041. By 1831, it had increased to 1,368. [29]

The village used to have a railway station on the Forge Valley Line between Seamer and Pickering. The trains first arrived in 1839 but the Pickering-Scarborough branch was not completed here until 1882. Some agricultural workers left the area on the train, seeking paid jobs elsewhere. [30] The Thornton Dale railway station opened in 1882 and closed to passengers in 1950, with a freight train from a quarry in the village continuing to use the tracks until 1964. [31] After being used for several purposes, including offices and a caravan park, the station was converted into three holiday rental cottages. [32]

Governance

The parish is in the Ryedale District electoral ward of Thornton Dale, which extends beyond the boundaries of the Parish with a total population of 3,256 at the 2011 census. [33]

For county council purposes the parish is in the Thornton Dale and the Wolds electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council. [34] The area is also covered by the Thornton Dale Ward of Ryedale District Council. [35]

The parish council is Thornton le Dale; the council has 7 members and meets monthly at the Hill Memorial Institute. Meetings are open to the public. [36]

Tourism

Shops near the beck in Thornton-le-Dale Thornton le dale business 682.jpg
Shops near the beck in Thornton-le-Dale

The tourist era in this area was underway by the early 1900s and in 1907, Thornton-le-Dale was named Yorkshire's Prettiest Village in a newspaper poll; it remains popular with tourists. [37] Such visitors fuel the economy, with many visiting the very quaint village with its ancient market cross, stocks on the small village green and small beck (stream). There are several cafes and pubs, as well as a seasonal tea room and many shops. Nearby, Dalby Forest offers paths for walking, cycling and nature-watching. The Information Point can provide visitors with a pamphlet providing specifics as to other walks from the village, [38] including one to the tiny hamlet of Ellerburn. [39]

A traditional cottage by the stream Thornton cottage w 9687.jpg
A traditional cottage by the stream

One of the few specific attractions of note in the immediate area, the Motor Museum, exhibits a collection of classic and vintage cars (1918-1976) owned by D. T. Mathewson. Occasionally, an auction of cars is held. [40] Another attraction, Go Ape Dalby, provides zip lining opportunities in the Dalby Forest. [41] The North Yorkshire Moors Railway in nearby Pickering offers rides on a steam or heritage diesel train on one of the historic lines in the area and the Beck Isle Museum features displays of historic sets and objects. [42] [43]

Stage Three of the 2018 Tour de Yorkshire started in Richmond and finished in Scarborough. The cyclists travelled through Thornton-le-Dale. [44] [45]

Annual events

On the first Saturday in December, the Village Lights Committee (all volunteers) stage the annual Christmas lights 'Switch On'. [46] This is the culmination of a whole year's work of raising money and putting up the lights around the village.

Events scheduled for 2018 included the Spring Gala in May, the traditional rural Thornton Show and the Flower, Scarecrow Festival and Produce Show in August as well as the Harvest Festivals in September. [47]

In November each year, the Thornton le Dale players put on a play in the village hall. This normally runs for three nights and is always well attended and enjoyed by many villagers and visitors from the surrounding area.

Related Research Articles

Ryedale Non-metropolitan district in England

Ryedale is a non-metropolitan district of the shire county of North Yorkshire in England. It is in the Vale of Pickering, a low-lying flat area of land drained by the River Derwent. The Vale's landscape is rural with scattered villages and small market towns. It has been inhabited continuously from the Mesolithic period. The economy is largely agricultural with light industry and tourism playing an increasing role.

Pickering, North Yorkshire Market town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Pickering is an ancient market town and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England, on the border of the North York Moors National Park. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it sits at the foot of the moors, overlooking the Vale of Pickering to the south. According to legend the town was founded by King Peredurus around 270 BC; however, the town as it exists today is of medieval origin. The legend has it that the king lost his ring and accused a young maiden of stealing it, but later that day the ring was found in a pike caught in the River Costa for his dinner. The king was so happy to find his ring he married the young maiden; the name Pike-ring changed over the years to Pickering. It is a nice tale told to fit the name, but it is not the origin. Pickering is thought to be named after the followers of an Anglian man named Picer or some such personal name – the Picer-ingas.

Aberford Village and civil parish near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

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Ryedale (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1983-2010

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Helmsley Market town in North Yorkshire, England

Helmsley is a market town and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, the town is located at the point where Ryedale leaves the moorland and joins the flat Vale of Pickering.

Aislaby, Ryedale Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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Hutton-le-Hole Village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England

Hutton-le-Hole is a small village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England, about 7 miles (11 km) north-west of Pickering. It is a popular scenic village within the North York Moors National Park. Sheep roam the streets at will.

Hawnby Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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Thornton Dale railway station Disused railway station in North Yorkshire, England

Thornton Dale railway station was situated on the North Eastern Railway's Pickering to Seamer branch line. It served the village of Thornton-le-Dale in North Yorkshire, England. The station opened to passenger traffic on 1 May 1882, and closed on 3 June 1950.

Foston, North Yorkshire Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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Thornton-le-Clay Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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East Heslerton Village in North Yorkshire, England

East Heslerton is a village, near Malton in North Yorkshire, England. It lies between the villages of West Heslerton and Sherburn, at the interface between the Vale of Pickering to the north and the Yorkshire Wolds to the south. With West Heslerton it forms part of the civil parish of Heslerton which had a population of 409 at the 2011 census.

Ellerburn Human settlement in England

Ellerburn is a village in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England, situated near Thornton-le-Dale, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Pickering. It is located in the North York Moors National Park.

A169 road

The A169 is an A road in North Yorkshire, England. It runs from the A64 at Malton on the edge of the Yorkshire Wolds through the Vale of Pickering and across the North York Moors to join the A171 just west of Whitby. It is a single carriageway for all of its 25-mile (40 km) route. Whilst it is not considered a Primary Route nationally, the Ryedale Local Transport Plan lists it as part of its Major Road Network alongside the A64, A166 and A171.

Newton Dale

Newton Dale is a narrow dale within the North York Moors National Park in North Yorkshire, England. It was created by meltwater from a glacier carving the narrow valley. Water still flows through the dale and is known as Pickering Beck.

River Seph

The River Seph is a tributary of the River Rye in North Yorkshire, England. The river flows for 13 miles (20.5 km) down Bilsdale and meets the Rye near the village of Hawnby. The name derives from Old Swedish and means either Slow Stream or Calm. When the surrounding land was owned by Roger de Mowbray, the river was referred to as the Sep.

References

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