Thornton Heath

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Thornton Heath
High Street, Thornton Heath - geograph.org.uk - 605910.jpg
High Street, Thornton Heath.
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Thornton Heath
Location within Greater London
Population65,812 (2011 Census [1]
OS grid reference TQ315685
  Charing Cross 7.2 mi (11.6 km)  N
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CROYDON
Postcode district CR0
Post townTHORNTON HEATH
Postcode district CR7
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°24′01″N0°06′31″W / 51.4002°N 0.1086°W / 51.4002; -0.1086 Coordinates: 51°24′01″N0°06′31″W / 51.4002°N 0.1086°W / 51.4002; -0.1086

Thornton Heath is an area of southern Greater London, England. Within the boundaries of the historic county of Surrey, it has formed part of the London Borough of Croydon since 1965. It is 7.2 miles (11.6 km) south of Charing Cross and is to the north of Croydon proper.

Contents

History

Until the arrival of the railway in 1862, Thornton Heath was focused on an area 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south west of the Whitehorse manor house (now a school), at the locality on the main London-Sussex road known as Thornton Heath Pond. Between the manor house and pond there was an isolated farmhouse. Eventually it would become the site for the railway station and the main expansion hub.

In the 50-year period 1861–1911, Thornton Heath saw a complete transformation from isolated rural outpost to integrated metropolitan suburb. In its infancy, a new railway station sited in the eastern farmlands enabled that immediate area to evolve around a central point. In the late 19th century, the western part of Thornton Heath, which lay directly on the main London-Sussex road, demonstrated a classic form of suburban ribbon development. In the process, it became the final piece in an urban chain linking two major centres, London and Croydon, completing the greatest metropolitan expansion in the world at that time.

Geography

The nearest places are Mitcham, Croydon, South Norwood, Norbury, Pollards Hill, Selhurst, Upper Norwood and Eastfields.


Transport

There is a London Bus garage at the junction known as Thornton Heath Pond (although there is no longer a pond) where the A23 Brighton Road splits from the A236 Croydon road. The nearest railway stations are Thornton Heath, Norbury, Norwood Junction and Selhurst. Croydon's Tram system nearby has links to Wimbledon.

Culture and architecture

St Paul's Church, Thornton Heath St Paul's church, Thornton Heath - geograph.org.uk - 1450626.jpg
St Paul's Church, Thornton Heath
St Alban's Church, Grange Road, Thornton Heath St Alban's church, Grange Road - geograph.org.uk - 217367.jpg
St Alban's Church, Grange Road, Thornton Heath
Decorative features at former Thornton Heath Pond Thornton Heath Pond, Croydon, Surrey - geograph.org.uk - 1442239.jpg
Decorative features at former Thornton Heath Pond

Architecturally, Thornton Heath is predominantly Victorian in both its residential and commercial sectors. There are a number of imposing, even grand, buildings surviving from this period.

Two examples are St Paul's Church and St Alban's Church. St Alban's is an Anglican church and is listed Grade II. Built in 1889, it was the first church designed by the late Victorian architect Sir Ninian Comper. It is situated on a busy junction (of Grange Road and the High Street), as can be seen in the photograph. It is described as being of a red-brick perpendicular style with stone dressing.

At the junction of the High Street and Parchmore Road, on a site previously called Walker's Green, stands the Clocktower, which was built in 1900, financed partly by public subscription.

However, the Victorian baths did not survive, [2] and were replaced by a modern sports and leisure centre in 2004. [3] It cost £8m with £2.8m from the British National Lottery Good Causes Fund through Sport England. [3] [4]

Demography

Thornton Heath has a high degree of ethnic diversity. As counted in the 2011 UK census, the proportion of people who are from BAME (Black, Asian and minority Ethnic) background was 67.1% in Thornton Heath ward, and 73.5% in Bensham Manor ward, which are among the highest in the borough of Croydon. The figure for West Thornton (which technically comes under Croydon town) was 76.5%, the borough's highest. [5]

In the 2011 census, the Thornton Heath ward was 25% White British, 21% Black Caribbean and 15% Black African. [6] Bensham Manor ward, which also covers areas of Thornton Heath, was 19% White British, 18% Black Caribbean, 13% Black African and 11% Indian. [7] The area since 2011 has the highest Black Caribbean population (not including those of mixed heritage) in Greater London. [8]

Sport and leisure

Thornton Heath gained a new leisure centre in May 2004 which has proved popular. [3] The popularity was such that turnstiles had to be fitted to improve security. [3] [9] The centre is owned by Croydon Council, but originally run by Parkwood Leisure, [3] and now run by Fusion Lifestyle in partnership with the council. [10]

Thornton Heath formerly had a Non-League football club, Croydon Athletic, who played at the Keith Tuckey Stadium; but the club ceased to exist at the end of the 2010-11 season. In 2012, fans of the club formed AFC Croydon Athletic, which plays at the Mayfield Stadium. In 2015 the club competed in the Southern Counties East League. The reformed 5 time FA Cup winners Wanderers FC currently play at Thornton Heath.

Thornton Heath is also home to historic rugby club Streatham-Croydon RFC founded in 1871. Their grounds and clubhouse are located in Frant Road off Brigstock Road.

Thornton Heath is one of the railway stations used by visitors to Crystal Palace's Selhurst Park stadium.

Community

Thornton Heath Community Action Team [11] was formed in 2014 by a group of residents and businesses. Its aim is to deliver projects to improve the area. This has included organising litter picks, planting of new plants, and a community Christmas tree.

Notable residents

Related Research Articles

London Borough of Croydon Borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Croydon is a London borough in south London, part of Outer London. It covers an area of 87 km2 (33.6 sq mi). It is the southernmost borough of London. At its centre is the historic town of Croydon from which the borough takes its name; while other urban centres include Coulsdon, Purley, South Norwood, Norbury, New Addington and Thornton Heath. Croydon is mentioned in Domesday Book, and from a small market town has expanded into one of the most populous areas on the fringe of London. The borough is now one of London's leading business, financial and cultural centres, and its influence in entertainment and the arts contribute to its status as a major metropolitan centre.

Croydon Town in South London, England

Croydon is a large town in south London, England. It is 9.4 miles (15.1 km) south of Charing Cross. The principal settlement in the London Borough of Croydon, it is one of the largest commercial districts outside Central London, with an extensive shopping district and night-time economy. The entire town had a population of 192,064 as of 2011, whilst the wider borough had a population of 384,837.

Queens Road Peckham railway station

Queens Road Peckham railway station is in the London Borough of Southwark and also serves the area to the east of Peckham, in the London Borough of Lewisham. It is on the South London Line, 2 miles 58 chains (4.4 km) from London Bridge, and trains also go to Croydon via various routes and beyond. It is on the road of that name and is in Travelcard Zone 2.

South Norwood District of south east London, England

South Norwood is a district of south-east London, England, within the London Borough of Croydon and the historic county of Surrey. It is located 7.8 miles (12.5 km) south-east of Charing Cross, north of Woodside and Addiscombe, east of Selhurst and Thornton Heath, south of Crystal Palace/Upper Norwood and Anerley, and west of Elmers End and Penge.

Norbury District of South London, UK

Norbury is a district in south-west London. It shares the postcode London SW16 with neighbouring districts Streatham and Croydon. Norbury is 6.7 miles (10.8 km) south of Charing Cross.

Thornton Heath railway station

Thornton Heath is a railway station in the London Borough of Croydon in south London, 8 miles 64 chains (14.2 km) down the line from London Victoria. It is on the Brighton main line between Norbury and Selhurst. The station is operated by Southern, who also provide the majority of services. The station is in Travelcard Zone 4.

Croydon North (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Croydon North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Steve Reed of the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party. The seat was created in 1918 and split in two in 1955 and re-devised in a wholly different form in 1997.

County Borough of Croydon

The County Borough of Croydon was a local government district in and around the town of Croydon in north east Surrey, England from 1889 to 1965. Since 1965 the district has been part of the London Borough of Croydon within Greater London.

Norbury Brook river in London

Norbury Brook is a tributary of the River Wandle that rises near Lower Addiscombe Road and flows north-west through Selhurst, Thornton Heath and Norbury to join the Wandle at south Wimbledon.

Croydon North West was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Heavers Meadow meadow in the Borough of Croydon, London, UK

Heavers Meadow is a meadow located in South Norwood and Selhurst in the London Borough of Croydon. South Norwood Recreation Ground is on the other side of the road. The meadow covers an area of 8​34 acres. With meadows there are not usually many facilities. Heavers is no exception; the only facility stated on the council's website is a footpath through a flood meadow.

Selhurst Human settlement in England

Selhurst is a London suburb in the Borough of Croydon 7.8 miles (12.6 km) south-south-east of Charing Cross. Historically it lay in Surrey. The area is bounded to the west and south by Thornton Heath and Croydon and to the east and south by South Norwood and Woodside. The home stadium of Crystal Palace Football Club, called Selhurst Park, is sited at the northern end of the neighbourhood.

Grangewood Park park in the United Kingdom

Grangewood Park is an extensive woodland area situated in South Norwood, London. It is managed by the London Borough of Croydon. It is bounded by Grange Road, Wharncliffe Road, and Ross Road. It covers an area of 27​34 acres 11.23 hectares. The park is located on the main A212 road between Thornton Heath and Upper Norwood/Crystal Palace. The nearest stations are Thornton Heath, Selhurst and Norwood Junction.

Selhurst Road

Selhurst Road is a main road between South Norwood and Selhurst in the London Borough of Croydon, south London. It forms part of the A213 road which is a major A Road connecting both Sydenham and Croydon.

Bensham Manor (ward) electoral ward in the London borough of Croydon

Bensham Manor is a ward in the London Borough of Croydon, covering part of the Thornton Heath area of London in the United Kingdom. The ward extends from Thornton Heath railway station westwards and is largely residential with a retail or industrial core. The population of the Ward at the 2011 Census was 16,201.

Thornton Heath is an area of South London, England, and makes up a part of the London Borough of Croydon.

2012 Croydon North by-election

The Croydon North by-election was a by-election for the Parliament of the United Kingdom's House of Commons constituency of Croydon North in the London Borough of Croydon. The by-election was caused by the death of its Member of Parliament Malcolm Wicks. It took place on Thursday, 29 November, the same day as by-elections in Middlesbrough and Rotherham. The by-election was won by Steve Reed of the Labour Party.

References

  1. Thornton Heath is made up of 3 wards in the London Borough of Croydon: Bensham Manor, Thornton Heath, and West Thornton. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Thornton Heath Leisure Centre". Huntley Cartwright Charted Quantity Surveyors. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Menhinnitt, Daniel (30 June 2004). "New centre success". The Croydon Guardian . Newsquest Media Group . Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  4. Menhinnitt, Daniel (3 November 2004). "National Lottery's benefit to the borough". The Croydon Guardian . Newsquest Media Group . Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  5. https://data.london.gov.uk/dataset/ward-profiles-and-atlas
  6. "Thornton Heath - UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  7. "Bensham Manor - UK Census Data 2011". ukcensusdata.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
  8. http://hidden-london.com/miscellany/demographics/
  9. "Hurry for tickets to see Manchester Utd". The Croydon Guardian . Newsquest Media Group (via Factiva - subscription required). 10 November 2004. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  10. "London Borough of Croydon: Thornton Heath Leisure Centre". London Borough of Croydon. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  11. "Thornton Heath Community Action Team". thorntonheath.net. Retrieved 31 October 2017.

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