Thornton Peak

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Thornton Peak
Thornton Peak, Daintree National Park.jpg
Summit of Thornton Peak looking over Alexander and Cow Bay, Daintree National Park
Highest point
Elevation 1,374 m (4,508 ft)
Coordinates 16°09′51″S145°22′27″E / 16.164167°S 145.374167°E / -16.164167; 145.374167 Coordinates: 16°09′51″S145°22′27″E / 16.164167°S 145.374167°E / -16.164167; 145.374167
Geography
Australia Queensland relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Thornton Peak
Parent range Great Dividing Range
Climbing
First ascent Unknown

Thornton Peak is a prominent mountain that rises above the Daintree Rainforest to a height of 1374 m. [1] The mountain is located about 80 km northwest of Cairns within the catchment of the Daintree River.

Daintree Rainforest Daintree

The Daintree Rainforest is a region on the northeast coast of Queensland, Australia, north of Mossman and Cairns. At around 1,200 square kilometres (460 sq mi), the Daintree is a part of the largest continuous area of tropical rainforest on the Australian continent. The Daintree Rainforest is a part of the Wet Tropics Rainforest, that spans across the Cairns Region. The Wet Tropics Rainforest is the oldest continually surviving tropical rainforest in the world. Along the coastline north of the Daintree River, tropical forest grows right down to the edge of the sea.

Daintree River river in Queensland, Australia

The Daintree River is a river that rises in the Daintree Rainforest near Cape Tribulation in Far North Queensland, Australia. The river is located about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Cairns in the UNESCO World Heritage–listed Wet Tropics of Queensland. The area is now primarily a tourist attraction.

It is Queensland's fourth highest peak after Mount Bartle Frere at 1,622 m (5,322 ft), Mount Bellenden Ker at 1,593 m (5,226 ft) and Mount Superbus at 1,375 m (4,511 ft).

Mount Bartle Frere mountain in Queensland, Australia

Mount Bartle Frere is the highest mountain in Queensland at an elevation of 1,611 metres (5,285 ft). The mountain was named after Sir Henry Bartle Frere, a British colonial administrator and then president of the Royal Geographical Society by George Elphinstone Dalrymple in 1873. Bartle Frere was British Governor of Cape Colony at the outset of the Zulu Wars. The Aboriginal name for the mountain is Chooreechillum.

Mount Bellenden Ker second-highest mountain in Queensland, Australia

Mount Bellenden Ker is the second-highest mountain in Queensland, Australia, with a height of 1,593 metres (5,226 ft). It is named after the botanist John Bellenden Ker Gawler. Located 60 km (37 mi) south of Cairns near Babinda, it is adjacent to Mount Bartle Frere, the state's highest peak, part of the Bellenden Ker Range which is also known as the Wooroonooran Range. The two mountains dominate the Josephine Falls section of the Wooroonooran National Park. Both peaks are made of resistant granite and are remnants of an escarpment that has been eroded by the Russell and Mulgrave Rivers.

Mount Superbus mountain in Australia

Mount Superbus lies 150 kilometres south-west of Brisbane, Australia and is South East Queensland's highest peak at 1,375 metres. At this elevation it is the fifth-highest peak in Queensland, after Mount Bartle Frere at 1,622 m, Mount Bellenden Ker at 1,593 m, Mount Fisher at 1,385 m and Mount Carbine Tableland at 1,383 m, all in Far North Queensland.

The indigenous Eastern Kuku Yalanji people's name for Thornton Peak is Wundu, and it has spiritual significance for them.

The peak is covered by rainforest and is home to a number of endemic species. Thornton Peak is one of only three mountain tops that are home to the cinereus ringtail possum. [2]

Rainforest type of forest with high rainfall

Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between 250 and 450 centimetres, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth's tropical rainforests.

Cinereus ringtail possum species of mammal

The cinereus ringtail possum, also known as the Daintree River ringtail possum, is a species of possum found in northeastern Queensland, Australia. It was long believed to be the same as the Herbert River ringtail possum, but has recently been separated. The two species differ considerably in appearance.

A group of scientists have suggested the mountain is a viable candidate for the translocation of some species which require a colder climate due to climate change. [3]

Effects of global warming on Australia

Predictions measuring the effects of global warming on Australia assert that global warming will negatively impact the continent's environment, economy, and communities. Australia is vulnerable to the effects of global warming projected for the next 50 to 100 years because of its extensive arid and semi-arid areas, an already warm climate, high annual rainfall variability, and existing pressures on water supply. The continent's high fire risk increases this susceptibility to change in temperature and climate. Additionally, Australia's population is highly concentrated in coastal areas, and its important tourism industry depends on the health of the Great Barrier Reef and other fragile ecosystems. The impacts of climate change in Australia will be complex and to some degree uncertain, but increased foresight may enable the country to safeguard its future through planned mitigation and adaptation. Mitigation may reduce the ultimate extent of climate change and its impacts, but requires global solutions and cooperation, while adaptation can be performed at national and local levels.

In April 2001, a missing Aero Commander 500 was found on Thornton Peak. [4]

See also

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References

  1. Daintreecoast.com map
  2. Cape Tribulation, Daintree National Park, Nature, culture and history Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing (Queensland)
  3. Dani Cooper (28 May 2009). "Species on the move". ABC Science. Australian Broadcasting Corporation . Retrieved 29 May 2010.
  4. "Plane found on Queensland mountain". NZ Herald News . APN Holdings NZ. 12 April 2001. Retrieved 29 May 2010.