Thorolf Bugge (1 October 1879 – 21 May 1935) was a Norwegian trade unionist and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.
He was born in Heddal as a son of district physician Johan Carl Bugge (1847–1902) and Christine Theodora Drolsum (1854–1882). He was a grandson of Ulrik Bugge. He had middle school education, and also studied at Bergen Technical School. He was hired at a post office in Vardø in 1898, and when postmaster Adam Egede-Nissen was a member of Parliament, Bugge was acting postmaster in Vardø from 1901 to 1906. He then started working at a farm and in the company Sydvaranger.He became chairman of the trade union Nordens Klippe from 1907 to 1908, but for his activism he was blacklisted. He continued as a farmer until 1916, then as a manager in Sør-Varanger provisioning council until 1917, then as a municipal secretary. He moved from his farm to Kirkenes.
He had entered politics, and was a member of the executive committee of Sør-Varanger municipal council from 1910 to 1922; also a school board member from 1910 to 1916. In the 1921 Norwegian parliamentary election he was elected to the Parliament of Norway. He was a member of the Standing Committee on Roads.In 1923, before the parliamentary term was over, he left the Labour Party and joined the Communist Party. He headed their ballot in the subsequent elections of 1924, 1927, 1930 and 1933, but was never again re-elected.
He was married to cultural worker Kathrine Bugge (née Hanssen, 1877–1951) from December 1922.He died in May 1935, aged 55.
Vardø (help·info) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county in the extreme northeastern part of Norway. Vardø is the easternmost town in Norway, more to the east than Saint Petersburg or Istanbul. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vardø. Two of the larger villages in the municipality are Kiberg and Svartnes.
Sør-Varanger is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Kirkenes. Other settlements in the municipality include the villages of Bjørnevatn, Bugøynes, Elvenes, Grense Jakobselv, Hesseng, Jakobsnes, Neiden, and Sandnes. Located west of the Norway–Russia border, Sør-Varanger is the only Norwegian municipality that shares a land border with Russia, with the only legal border crossing at Storskog.
Oscar Fredrik Torp (help·info) was a Norwegian politician for the Norwegian Labour Party. He was party leader from 1923 to 1945, and mayor of Oslo in 1935 and 1936. In 1935 he became the acting minister of Defence in the government of Johan Nygaardsvold. He was also the minister of Social Affairs from 1936 to 1939, and then the minister of Finance from 1939 to 1942. He was appointed Minister of Defence again in 1942 in the London-based Norwegian exile government. He continued until the election in 1945 when he became the minister of Provisioning and Reconstruction until 1948.
Alfred Martin Madsen was a Norwegian engineer, newspaper editor, trade unionist and politician for the Norwegian Labour Party. He began as deputy chairman of their youth wing, while also working as an engineer. In the 1910s he rose in the hierarchy of the party press, and eventually in the Labour Party and the Confederation of Trade Unions as well. He was an important party and trade union strategist in the 1920s. He served six terms in the Norwegian Parliament, and was the parliamentary leader of his party for many years. He was twice a member of the national cabinet, as Minister of Social Affairs in 1928 and Minister of Trade from 1935 to 1939.
Fredrik Anton Martin Olsen Nalum was a Norwegian educator and politician for the Liberal Party. He held three different government minister posts, served as mayor and was a six-term member of Parliament.
Magnus Nilssen was a Norwegian politician for the Labour and Social Democratic Labour parties.
Adam Hjalmar Egede-Nissen, was a Norwegian postmaster and politician, began his political career in the Liberal Party and was first elected to the Storting (parliament) in 1900. He later switched to the Labour Party before eventually joining the Communist Party of Norway, serving as party chairman from 1934 to 1946.
Per A. Utsi is a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party.
Emil Løvlien was a Norwegian forest worker, trade unionist and politician from Løten. He represented the Labour Party until the split in 1923, and the Communist Party thereafter. He was the chairman of the Communist Party from 1946 to 1965, and served three terms in the Parliament of Norway.
Anders Johnsen Buen was a Norwegian typographer, newspaper editor, trade unionist and politician. He belonged to the Norwegian Labour Party from the start, being party secretary as well as editor of the party organs Social-Demokraten and Ny Tid, but politically he was described as a "reformist pragmatic", and was thus a member of the breakaway Social Democratic Labour Party of Norway from 1921 to 1927.
Edvard Bull was a Norwegian historian and politician for the Labour Party. He took the doctorate in 1912 and became a professor at the University of Kristiania in 1917, and is known for writings on a broad range of subjects. In addition to his academic work, he is known for his work on Norsk biografisk leksikon. His Marxist leanings inspired him to take up a parallel political career, in the Labour Party. Situated on the radical wing in the 1910s, he was among the architects as the Labour Party denounced the Twenty-one Conditions in 1923 and reunited with the social democrats in 1927. He was the deputy party leader from 1923 to 1932, and served as Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs in Hornsrud's short-lived cabinet in 1928.
Ole Martin Pettersen Gausdal was a Norwegian educator, newspaper editor and politician. He represented the Labour Party, but was excluded in 1920 and joined the Social Democratic Labour Party in 1921.
Arvid Gilbert Hansen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.
Sverre Krogh was a Norwegian actuary, newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist Labour parties. He later became a Nazi, working for Norwegian and German Nazis during the Second World War.
Torgeir Tarjei Olavsson Vraa was a Norwegian educator, newspaper editor and politician for the Labour Party.
Eivind Reiersen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties. He served one term as an MP, was deputy mayor of Skien, and edited the newspapers Fremover, Ny Dag, Bratsberg-Demokraten, Telemark Arbeiderblad, Telemark Kommunistblad and Rjukan Arbeiderblad.
Kathrine Susanne Bugge, née Hanssen was a Norwegian educator, cultural worker and politician for the Communist Party.
Eivind Petershagen was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Communist Party.
Andreas Bredal Wessel was a Norwegian physician and politician for the Labour Party.
Sverre Sverressøn Klingenberg was the Norwegian engineer and politician for the Conservative Party.