Thoropa petropolitana

Last updated

Thoropa petropolitana
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Cycloramphidae
Genus: Thoropa
Species:
T. petropolitana
Binomial name
Thoropa petropolitana
(Wandolleck, 1907)
Synonyms [2]
  • Hylodes petropolitanus Wandolleck, 1907
  • Elosia petropolitanus — Boulenger, 1909
  • Ololigon abbreviatus petropolitana — Miranda-Ribeiro, 1923
  • Eleutherodactylus petropolitanus — Müller, 1927
  • Borborocoetes petropolitanus — Noble, 1927
  • Thoropa petropolitana — Lutz, 1947; Bokermann, 1965; Lynch, 1972
  • Eupsophus petropolitanus — Cochran, 1955 "1954"

Thoropa petropolitana is a species of frog in the family Cycloramphidae. It is endemic to Serra dos Órgãos in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; there are also unconfirmed records from the neighboring Espírito Santo and São Paulo states. [1] [2]

Habitat and conservation

Thoropa petropolitana occurs at elevations above 800 m (2,600 ft) in rocky areas in forest, or on the forest edge, where it lives on wet rock faces near streams or waterfalls. The eggs are deposited in rock fissures. This formerly common species has undergone significant declines. Threats to it include habitat loss caused by clear-cutting, human settlement, tourism, and fire. However, it has also declined in areas with suitable habitat, suggesting that chytridiomycosis might be a factor. This species occurs in the Serra dos Órgãos National Park, but the park does not protect it from impacts of tourism. [1]

Related Research Articles

Serra dos Órgãos National Park National park in Brazil

Serra dos Órgãos National Park is a national park in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It protects the Serra dos Órgãos mountain range and the water sources in the range. It was the third national park to be created in Brazil.

Teresópolis Place in Southeast, Brazil

Teresópolis is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in a mountainous region known as Região Serrana. The Serra dos Órgãos National Park lies partly within the city limits. The city is known as the home of the Brazilian national football team, since it hosts CBF's training ground at Granja Comary.

Tropical kingbird Species of perching bird

The tropical kingbird is a large tyrant flycatcher. This bird breeds from southern Arizona and the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States through Central America, South America as far as south as central Argentina and eastern Peru, and on Trinidad and Tobago. Birds from the northernmost and southern breeding areas migrate to warmer parts of the range after breeding.

Santiago, Cape Verde Largest island of Cape Verde

Santiago is the largest island of Cape Verde, its most important agricultural centre and home to half the nation's population. Part of the Sotavento Islands, it lies between the islands of Maio and Fogo. It was the first of the islands to be settled: the town of Ribeira Grande was founded in 1462. Santiago is home to the nation's capital city of Praia.

<i>Aplastodiscus albosignatus</i> species of amphibian

Aplastodiscus albosignatus, also known as the Bocaina treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Brazil. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Bokermannohyla claresignata is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Serra do Mar, Brazil. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss but is protected by Parque da Serra dos Orgãos, and Parque Nacional da Serra Bocaina.

<i>Cycloramphus eleutherodactylus</i> species of amphibian

Cycloramphus eleutherodactylus is a species of frog in the family Cycloramphidae. It is endemic to the Serra do Mar in southeastern Brazil, including the Serra dos Órgãos, Serra da Mantiqueira, and Serra da Bocaina. Common name Alto button frog has been coined for it.

Cycloramphus stejnegeri is a species of frog in the family Cycloramphidae. It is endemic to the Serra dos Órgãos in southeastern Brazil. The specific name stejnegeri honors Leonhard Stejneger, a Norwegian–American herpetologist and ornithologist. Common name Stejneger's button frog has been coined for this species.

Ischnocnema gualteri is a species of frog in the family Brachycephalidae. It is endemic to the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and is only known from the Serra dos Órgãos. Common name Organ Mountains robber frog has been coined for this species.

Ischnocnema holti is a species of frog in the family Brachycephalidae. It is endemic to the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and is known from the Serra da Mantiqueira in Itatiaia and Serra dos Órgãos in Teresópolis. Common name Holt's robber frog has been coined for this species.

Odontophrynus salvatori is a species of frog in the family Odontophrynidae. It is endemic to Brazil and known from its type locality in the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, from the Serra dos Pirineus State Park, and from the Federal District. Its natural habitat is Cerrado savanna, where it occurs on the ground near waterbodies. The tadpoles develop in small temporary streams. It is threatened by habitat loss caused by agricultural development and fires.

Thoropa lutzi is a species of frog in the Cycloramphidae family. It is endemic to Brazil. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, rivers, and rocky areas. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Thoropa saxatilis is a species of frog in the family Cycloramphidae. It is endemic to southern Brazil and occurs in the Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states, corresponding to the southernmost extent of the Atlantic Forest biome. The specific name saxatilis refers to its association with rocks. Common name Brazilian river frog has been coined for it.

Brachycephalus vertebralis is a species of frog in the family Brachycephalidae endemic to Brazil. It is known only from Serra da Bocaina National Park and Cunha, São Paulo and occurs at 800 meters above sea level. It has not been seen again since 1998 despite several surveys, and it was first collected on the forest floor of primary forest. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Amber Mountain rock thrush Subspecies of bird (forest rock thrush)

The Amber Mountain rock thrush is a songbird in the family Muscicapidae, formerly placed in the Turdidae together with the other chats. It is now usually considered a subspecies of the forest rock thrush.

Black-and-gold cotinga species of bird

The black-and-gold cotinga is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is endemic to humid Atlantic Forest in the highlands of the Serra do Mar in south-eastern Brazil. It is threatened by habitat loss, but remains common within several national parks, e.g. Serra dos Órgãos and Itatiaia. Males are highly vocal, and their loud, piercing whistle is frequently heard. It is strongly sexually dimorphic. Except for a bright yellow wing-speculum, males are superficially similar to the male common blackbird, while the far less conspicuous females are overall olive. The female resemble both sexes of the only other member of the genus, the grey-winged cotinga, but is larger, has a thicker bill, and yellowish-olive remiges.

Grey-winged cotinga species of bird

The grey-winged cotinga is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is endemic to Brazil where it is restricted to the Serra dos Órgãos and Serra do Tinguá in Rio de Janeiro State. Its natural habitat is tropical moist montane forest.

Tinguá Biological Reserve

Tinguá Biological Reserve is a biological reserve in the Serra do Tinguá mountains, Rio de Janeiro state, eastern Brazil.

Hylodes pipilans is a species of frog in the Hylodidae family, known to occur near the Soberbo River at Serra dos Órgãos, municipality of Guapimirim, and in the municipality of Cachoeiras de Macacu, both located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is diurnally active.

Serra dos Órgãos Mountain range in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The Serra dos Órgãos is a mountain range in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It contains the Serra dos Órgãos National Park.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Potsch de Carvalho-e-Silva, S. & Peixoto, O.L. (2004). "Thoropa petropolitana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2004: e.T21817A9322082. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T21817A9322082.en . Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. 1 2 Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Thoropa petropolitana (Wandolleck, 1907)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.vz.0001 . Retrieved 27 April 2020.