Thorp Perrow Arboretum

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Thorp Perrow Arboretum
Thorp Perrow Arboretum - geograph.org.uk - 32368.jpg
Thorp Perrow Arboretum
North Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Type Arboretum
Location Bedale, North Yorkshire
Coordinates 54°15′55″N1°35′55″W / 54.265267°N 1.598546°W / 54.265267; -1.598546 Coordinates: 54°15′55″N1°35′55″W / 54.265267°N 1.598546°W / 54.265267; -1.598546
Area100 acres (40 ha)
Created1931
Operated byThorp Perrow Estate

Thorp Perrow Arboretum is an 85-acre (34 ha) woodland garden Arboretum near Bedale in North Yorkshire, England.

Contents

History

Thorp is a common place-name of Old Norse origin meaning hamlet or small village. In the Domesday Book of 1086 Thorp was a possession of Count Alan of Brittany. Perrow derives from the lords of the manor of Pirnhow (also written Pirhou or Pirho) in Norfolk, who were the earliest known tenants here. In 1286-87 Helewise de Perrow was a tenant. [1]

There is no surviving record of a village at Thorp Perrow. [2] A park called Thorpe Park went with the manor of Thorp Perrow in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1] Spring Wood was planted in the 16th century, and survives to this day. [3] Thorp Perrow Hall was built in the early 18th century. [4] Ornamental gardens and lakes were laid out around 1800, and a collection of exotic conifers called Milbank Pinetum was planted between 1840 and 1870 by Lady Augusta Milbank. [5]

The Arboretum was originally created by Colonel Sir Leonard Ropner (1895–1977) [6] in 1931. Leonard Ropner also founded several gardens in the park. [3] Today the Thorp Perrow estate is considered to be one of the finest arboreta in the United Kingdom; The Times listed it as one of the top ten. [7]

In July 2006 the gardens celebrated their 75th anniversary by planting the 1,750th tree. [8]

The arboretum today

Thorp Perrow is now open to the public. It holds five National Plant Collections: Tilia (Lime), Fraxinus (Ash), Cotinus (Smoke Bush), Laburnum and Juglans (Walnut), [9] and has 48 Champion trees in its collection. [10] It also contains a Birds of Prey Centre, with regular flying demonstrations.

Related Research Articles

Arboretum

An arboretum in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees. More commonly a modern arboretum is a botanical garden containing living collections of woody plants and is intended at least in part for scientific study.

Firby or Fritheby is an English toponymic surname, referring to the village of Firby south of Bedale, North Yorkshire, historically in the North Riding of Yorkshire. It is not to be confused with Firby near Malton, also now in North Yorkshire but historically in the East Riding of Yorkshire, which has different origins and etymology, or with Fearby or Ferriby, also in Yorkshire but with different origins.

Bedale Town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Bedale is a market town and civil parish in the district of Hambleton, North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, it is situated 34 miles (55 km) north of Leeds, 26 miles (42 km) south-west of Middlesbrough and 7 miles (11 km) south-west of the county town of Northallerton. It was originally in Richmondshire and listed in the Domesday Book as part of Catterick wapentake, which was also known as Hangshire ; it was split again and Bedale remained in East Hang. Bedale Beck is a tributary of the River Swale, which forms one of the Yorkshire Dales, with its predominance of agriculture and its related small traditional trades, although tourism is increasingly important.

Thorpe Salvin Village and a civil parish in South Yorkshire, England

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Westonbirt Arboretum Arboretum in Gloucestershire

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Firby, Hambleton Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Firby is a small village and civil parish in Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies 1-mile (1.5 km) south of Bedale. The population of the parish was estimated at 30 in 2015. At the 2011 Census the population was now included with the civil parish of Bedale, and not counted separately.

Thornton Steward Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

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A thorp is a hamlet or village.

<i>Ulmus minor</i> Sarniensis subspecies of plant

The Field Elm cultivar Ulmus minor 'Sarniensis', known variously as Guernsey Elm, Jersey Elm, Wheatley Elm, or Southampton Elm, was first described by MacCulloch in 1815 from trees on Guernsey, and was planted in the Royal Horticultural Society's gardens in the 1820s. It was listed in the Loddiges catalogue of 1836 as Ulmus sarniensis and by Loudon in Hortus lignosus londinensis (1838) as U. campestris var. sarniensis. The origin of the tree remains obscure; Richens believed it "a mutant of a French population of Field elm", noting that "elms of similar leaf-form occur in Cotentin and in northern Brittany. They vary much in habit but some have a tendency to pyramidal growth. Whether the distinctive habit first developed on the mainland or in Guernsey is uncertain."

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Snape, North Yorkshire Village in North Yorkshire, England

Snape is a large village in the civil parish of Snape with Thorp in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, located about 3 miles (5 km) south of Bedale and 3 miles west of the A1, it has a population of 350. Nearby is Thorp Perrow Arboretum. The name is Old Norse for a boggy tract of uncultivated land.

Crakehall Village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England

Crakehall is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton District of North Yorkshire, England, approximately 2 miles (3 km) west of Bedale. The village lies along the route of the A684 and is split into two parts by Bedale Beck, a tributary of the River Swale. The population was estimated at 630 in 2015. The north-west part is known as Little Crakehall, and the south-east part as Great Crakehall. It is 8.3 miles (13.4 km) west-south-west of the county town of Northallerton.

Sir Leonard Ropner, 1st Baronet, DL, MC was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.

Robert Ropner British politician

Sir Robert Ropner, 1st Baronet was a German-British shipbuilder, shipowner, and Conservative Member of Parliament.

Snape with Thorp Civil parish in England

Snape with Thorp is a civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It comprises the village of Snape and the hamlet of Thorp. The population of the parish at the 2011 census was 410.

Bedale Hall house in Bedale, North Yorkshire, UK

Bedale Hall is a Grade I listed Palladian-style country house in the town of Bedale, North Yorkshire, England.

<i>Tilia mongolica</i> species of plant

Tilia mongolicaMaxim., commonly known as Mongolian lime, was discovered by Pere David in 1864, and introduced to the West by Bretschneider, who sent seed to Paris in 1880, and later the Arnold Arboretum in 1882. The tree is native to Mongolia, eastern Russia, and northern China, growing at elevations of 1200–2200 m.

<i>Tilia tuan</i> species of plant

Tilia tuan is a species of lime found in forests at elevations of 1200–2400 m in the central Chinese provinces of Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Zhejiang. The species has long been regarded as the most variable lime within China, acquiring numerous synonyms; three varieties are currently recognized. The tree was first described by Henry who discovered it in 1888.

References

  1. 1 2 "Parishes: Well". Victoria County History . British History. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  2. "Thorpe Perrow". Beresford's Lost Villages. University of Hull. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Garden Information". www.thorpperrow.com. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  4. Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1190139)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  5. "Thorp Perrow". Parks & Gardens. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  6. "Gardens to visit: Thorp Perrow Arboretum, North Yorks". The Telegraph. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  7. Anderton, Stephen (3 August 2019). "10 top arboretums". The Times (72, 916). Weekend. p. 5. ISSN   0140-0460.
  8. "Arboretum plants 1,750th tree to mark its 75th anniversary". Ripon Gazette. 6 April 2006. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  9. "Notable Plant Collections Bedale, North Yorkshire". Thorp Perrow. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  10. "The Tree Register". www.treeregister.org. Retrieved 15 October 2020.

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