Thorstein Himle (October 11, 1857 – October 18, 1925)was a Norwegian-born American missionary affiliated with the American Lutheran Hauge Synod Mission to China.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development. The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin missionem, meaning "act of sending" or mittere, meaning "to send". The word was used in light of its biblical usage; in the Latin translation of the Bible, Christ uses the word when sending the disciples to preach The gospel in his name. The term is most commonly used for Christian missions, but can be used for any creed or ideology.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
The Hauge Synod, was the name of a Norwegian Lutheran church body in the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Thorstein Oddson Himle was born in Voss, in Hordaland county, Norway. He was attended the Voss Training College (Voss lærerskole) from 1873 to 1875. He then worked as a teacher until 1885. In 1885, Himle emigrated to the United States, received theological training at the Red Wing Seminary in Minnesota between 1887 and 1889 and became a Lutheran minister . Having worked as a clergyman in Taylor, Minnesota for five years he studied at the University of Minnesota during 1894-1895.
Hordaland is a county in Norway, bordering Sogn og Fjordane, Buskerud, Telemark, and Rogaland counties. Hordaland is the third largest county after Akershus and Oslo by population. The county government is the Hordaland County Municipality which is located in Bergen. Before 1972, the city of Bergen was its own separate county apart from Hordaland.
Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.
In 1895, Himle traveled as a missionary to the Hauge Synod mission field for China Missions in the Hubei Province of China. He was in Fancheng until 1903 and then relocated to Xinye in Henan until 1909.He then came back to America, where he taught theology at the Red Wing Seminary from 1912 and then served as pastor of the Santa Rosa church in California. Late in his career, he was traveling secretary for the Norwegian Lutheran Church's pension fund.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou (中州) which literally means "central plain land" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper. Henan is the birthplace of Chinese civilization with over 3,000 years of recorded history, and remained China's cultural, economical, and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine. It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries.
He was married three times and widowed twice: first in 1889 with Gidske Sigmundstad (1863–1898), in 1899 to Anna Carlson (1870–1918) and in 1922 to Anna Sigmundstad Haugen (1870–1954).
The Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, commonly called the Norwegian Synod, was founded in 1853. It included churches in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin.
The Lutheran Free Church (LFC) was a Lutheran denomination that existed in the United States, mainly in Minnesota and North Dakota, from 1897 until its merger into the American Lutheran Church (ALC) in 1963. The history of the church body predates its official organization, and a group of congregations that did not join the ALC formed the Association of Free Lutheran Congregations.
The American Lutheran Church was a Christian Protestant denomination in the United States and Canada that existed from 1960 to 1987. Its headquarters were in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Upon its formation in 1960, the ALC designated Augsburg Publishing House, also located in Minneapolis, as the church publisher. The Lutheran Standard was the official magazine of the ALC.
Hillcrest Lutheran Academy is a private Christian junior high and boarding high school in Fergus Falls, Minnesota. Established in 1916, Hillcrest has a strong affiliation with the Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America. Hillcrest is sometimes referred to as HLA or the "Castle on the Hill."
Luther Seminary is a seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It is the largest seminary of the ELCA. It also accepts and educates students of 41 other denominations and traditions. It is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission and the Association of Theological Schools. It also has theological accreditation through the ELCA as well as the United Methodist Church.
The United Norwegian Lutheran Church of America (UNLC) was the result of the union in 1890 of the Norwegian Augustana Synod, the Conference of the Norwegian-Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (1870), and the Anti-Missourian Brotherhood (1887). Some sources give the church's name as "in America" instead of "of America",
Jacob Aall Ottesen Preus II was a Lutheran pastor, professor, author, seminary president and church denominational president. He served as the eighth president of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS) from 1969 to 1981. He was a major figure in the "Seminex" theological/political controversy, which resulted in a schism in the LCMS during the early 1970s.
The Lutheran Church of China was a Lutheran church body in China from 1920 to 1951. It was established as a result of the consultations between the various Lutheran missionary bodies in China that was initiated during the China Centenary Missionary Conference held in Shanghai in 1907. The church survived as an organised body after the Chinese Civil War but was gradually absorbed into the Three-Self Patriotic Movement of the Protestant Churches in China.
The Norwegian Lutheran Church in the United States is a general term to describe the Lutheran church tradition developed within the United States by immigrants from Norway.
August William Edwins was the American founder of the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church mission in the Xuchang, Henan, China.
Bernt B. Haugan was an American Lutheran minister, politician, and temperance leader.
Marcus Olaus Bøckmann, also recorded as Marcus O. Bockman, was a Norwegian-American Lutheran theologian.
Red Wing Seminary was a Lutheran Church seminary which operated from 1879 to 1932 in Red Wing, Minnesota, United States, with brick buildings on a bluff called College Hill overlooking the Mississippi River.
The Taiwan Lutheran Church or TLC is one of the six Lutheran bodies in Taiwan. It currently has 80 mission sites nationwide with a total of 18,408 baptized members.
Thorbjorn N. Mohn was an American Lutheran church leader and the first president of St. Olaf College.
John Nathan Kildahl was an American Lutheran church minister, author and educator.
August Weenaas (1835–1924) was a Norwegian American Lutheran minister and educator. August Weenaas was the founding President of Augsburg University.
Hans Gerhard Stub was an American Lutheran theologian and church leader. He served as Bishop of the Norwegian Lutheran Church in America.
Bjug Harstad was a Lutheran pastor, founding president of Pacific Lutheran University, and first president of the Evangelical Lutheran Synod.