|Born||6 August 1881|
|Died||19 April 1940 58)(aged|
|Occupation||naval officer and polar explorer|
Thorvald Nilsen (6 August 1881 – 19 April 1940 ) was a Norwegian naval officer and polar explorer.
He was born in Kristiansand where he attended Kristiansand Cathedral School. He was enrolled in the Maritime War at Karljohansvern in Horten, graduating in 1903. He received his skipper's certificate in 1906.
Karjohansvern at Horten was the main base for the Royal Norwegian Navy from 1819 to 1963.
He was captain of the ship Fram for Amundsen's South Pole expedition from 1910 to 1912. During this period the ship was also used for oceanographic observations and measurements in the south Atlantic Ocean. He was decorated Knight, First Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1913. He served as a naval officer in Norway during World War I, and later settled in Buenos Aires, where he died in 1940.
Fram ("Forward") is a ship that was used in expeditions of the Arctic and Antarctic regions by the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen between 1893 and 1912. It was designed and built by the Scottish-Norwegian shipwright Colin Archer for Fridtjof Nansen's 1893 Arctic expedition in which the plan was to freeze Fram into the Arctic ice sheet and float with it over the North Pole.
The first expedition to reach the geographic South Pole was led by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as part of the Terra Nova Expedition. Amundsen and his team returned safely to their base, and later heard that Scott and his four companions had died on their return journey.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".
Oscar Adolf Wisting was a Norwegian Naval officer and polar explorer. Together with Roald Amundsen he was the first person to reach both the North and South Poles.
Sverre Helge Hassel was a Norwegian polar explorer and one of the first five people to reach the South Pole.
Kristian Prestrud was a Norwegian naval officer and polar explorer who participated in Amundsen's South Pole expedition between 1910 and 1912. Prestrud was first officer of the Fram and leader of the Norwegian expedition's Eastern Sledge Party to the Scott Nunataks.
HNoMS Odin was a Sleipner-class destroyer that entered service with the Royal Norwegian Navy in 1939. She and the other Sleipner-class vessels were built as part of a Norwegian rearmament scheme in the last years leading up to the Second World War. In 1940 she had taken part in protecting Norwegian neutrality, before being caught up in the German invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940. After fighting the invasion forces at Kristiansand, she was captured and pressed into Kriegsmarine service for the duration of the war. After the end of the war, she was returned to Norway. In 1948 she and her surviving sister ships were converted to frigatesand remained in service until being sold for scrapping in 1959.
Events in the year 1909 in Norway.
Events in the year 1940 in Norway.
Thorvald Astrup was a Norwegian architect, particularly known for industrial architecture.
Sigmund Skard was a Norwegian poet, essayist and professor of literature.
Events in the year 1974 in Norway.
Ole Martin Siem was a Norwegian businessperson and World War II resistance member.
Elias Corneliussen, was a Norwegian military officer and an admiral of the Royal Norwegian Navy. He served as acting Chief of Defence of Norway from January to May 1946.
Werner Hosewinckel Christie was a Norwegian air force officer, who reached the rank of major general in the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
Johan Koren Christie was a Norwegian engineer and air force officer, who reached the rank of major general in the Royal Norwegian Air Force.
Sverre Steen was a Norwegian historian and professor at the University of Oslo from 1938 to 1965. He served as president of the Norwegian Historical Association from 1936 to 1947
Harald Krabbe Schjelderup was a Norwegian physicist, philosopher and psychologist. He worked with all three subjects on university level, but is best remembered as Norway's first professor of psychology.
Arne Laudal was a Norwegian military officer, Milorg pioneer and resistance fighter during World War II. He was arrested by the Germans, sentenced to death and executed.
Christian Henrik Nicolai Mejdell was a Norwegian mining engineer.
Thorvald Mejdell was a Norwegian forester.
Leif Dietrichson was a Norwegian military officer and aviation pioneer. He is most famous for joining Roald Amundsen and Lincoln Ellsworth in the 1925 North Pole Expedition. In 1928, Dietrichson disappeared with Amundsen and four others as they were looking for the expedition of Umberto Nobile.
Per Askim was a Norwegian naval officer who was in command of the two coastal defence ships defending Narvik during the German invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940.
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