Thorvald Solberg

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Thorvald Solberg
Thorvald Solberg.jpg
1st Register of Copyrights
In office
July 22, 1897 April 21, 1930
Preceded byNone
Succeeded by William Lincoln Brown
Personal details
BornApril 22, 1852
Manitowoc, Wisconsin
DiedJuly 15, 1949(1949-07-15) (aged 97)
Glen Echo, Maryland
Spouse(s)Mary Adelaide Nourse
Residence Glen Echo, Maryland

Thorvald Solberg (April 22, 1852 – July 15, 1949) was the first Register of Copyrights (1897–1930) in the United States Copyright Office. He was a noted authority on copyright and played an instrumental role in shaping the Copyright Act of 1909.

Contents

Early life

Thorvald Solberg was born in Manitowoc, Wisconsin. He was the eldest of six children born of immigrant Norwegian parents. Solberg attended public schools, working for booksellers after graduation in Manitowoc, Boston, Detroit, Knoxville, and Omaha.

On May 1, 1876, Solberg began working in the Library of Congress as a cataloguer. In 1876, he became part of the Library's law department staff, despite not being a lawyer. While there, he played an active role in the direction and control of the Library's copyright registration and deposit functions. He remained in that position until he left the Library altogether in 1889 to work for the Boston Book Company.

Register of Copyrights

In 1897, Congress created the United States Copyright Office as a separate department of the Library of Congress to handle the administrative functions of copyright law. Solberg was widely supported to become the first head of the Office due to his growing reputation as a national authority on copyright (and due to some lobbying on his own part for the post). [1] After being interviewed by President William McKinley, Solberg was appointed by Librarian of Congress John Russell Young and took office as the first Register of Copyrights on July 22, 1897, with an annual salary of $3000 and a staff of 29 clerks. [2]

During his tenure as Register, Solberg played an active role in advancing United States copyright law. He advocated copyright reform and was instrumental in the passage of the Copyright Act of 1909, one of the most significant revisions in United States copyright law. He was known as a champion for the rights of authors and supported relaxing the registration and deposit requirements of copyright law, [3] consistent with the shift away from copyright formalities in the Berne Convention. Solberg also pushed for the United States to join the Berne Convention.

Thorvald Solberg retired as Register on April 21, 1930, his 78th birthday. He remains the longest-serving Register of Copyrights.

Personal life

Thorvald Solberg was married to Mary Adelaide Nourse of Lynn, Massachusetts. He resided on Capitol Hill when he began his stint as Register of Copyrights. In 1914, Solberg moved to Glen Echo, Maryland, where he resided until his death. Solberg was a prolific writer, and he compiled several bibliographies and compilations of United States and foreign copyright laws.

Selected writings

Citations

Related Research Articles

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International Copyright Act of 1891

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Copyright registration

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The copyright symbol, or copyright sign, ©, is the symbol used in copyright notices for works other than sound recordings. The use of the symbol is described by the Universal Copyright Convention. The symbol is widely recognized but, under the Berne Convention, is no longer required in most nations to assert a new copyright.

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Solberg is a surname of Norwegian origin, and may refer to:

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Thorvald is from the Old Norse name Þórvaldr, which means "Thor's ruler". Despite this pagan origin, the name survived the conversion of Scandinavians to Christianity and remains popular up to the present.

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Copyright Act of 1831

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The Copyright Act of 1870, also called the Patent Act of 1870 and the Trade Mark Act of 1870, was a revision to United States intellectual property law, covering copyrights and patents. Eight sections of the bill, sometimes called the Trade Mark Act of 1870, introduced trademarks to United States federal law, although that portion was later deemed unconstitutional after the Trade-Mark Cases.

References

  1. Cole, John Y., Of Copyright, Men & a National Library , The Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress, Vol. 28, April 1971.
  2. Litman, Jessica (2006). Digital Copyright . Prometheus Books.
  3. Sprigman, Christopher (November 2004). "Reform(aliz)ing Copyright". Stanford Law Review. 57: 485. ISSN   0038-9765. SSRN   578502 .
Government offices
Preceded by
New position
Register of Copyrights
18971930
Succeeded by
William Lincoln Brown