|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
3 November 1990 –2 April 1993
|Prime Minister||Gro Harlem Brundtland|
|Preceded by||Kjell Magne Bondevik|
|Succeeded by||Johan Jørgen Holst|
9 March 1987 –16 October 1989
|Prime Minister||Gro Harlem Brundtland|
|Preceded by||Knut Frydenlund|
|Succeeded by||Kjell Magne Bondevik|
|Minister of Defence|
8 October 1979 –14 October 1981
|Prime Minister|| Odvar Nordli |
Gro Harlem Brundtland
|Preceded by||Rolf A. Hansen|
|Succeeded by||Anders Sjaastad|
|United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees|
1 January 1990 –3 November 1990
|Preceded by||Jean-Pierre Hocké|
|Succeeded by||Sadako Ogata|
|President of the Norwegian Red Cross|
|Preceded by||Astrid Nøklebye Heiberg|
|Succeeded by||Sven Mollekleiv|
|Norwegian Ambassador to the United Nations|
|Preceded by||Tom Vraalsen|
|Succeeded by||Martin Huslid|
|Born||8 July 1931|
|Died||13 July 2018 87) (aged|
|Children|| Camilla |
Thorvald Stoltenberg (8 July 1931 –13 July 2018) was a Norwegian politician and diplomat. He served as Minister of Defence from 1979 to 1981 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1987 to 1989 and again from 1990 to 1993 in two Labour governments.
From 1989 to 1990,Stoltenberg served as the Norwegian ambassador to the United Nations. In 1990,he became the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,serving for one year after which he rejoined the Norwegian government.In 1992,Stoltenberg,together with nine Baltic ministers of foreign affairs and an EU commissioner,founded the Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS) and the EuroFaculty. In 1993,he was appointed Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for the former Yugoslavia and U.N. Co-Chairman of the Steering Committee of the International Conference on the former Yugoslavia. Thorvald Stoltenberg was also the UN witness at the signing of Erdut Agreement.
In 2003 he was appointed chairman of the board of the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA). Between 1999 and 2008,he was President of the Norwegian Red Cross,the only president to serve three terms.He was also a member of the Trilateral Commission,and held a seat on their executive committee.
At the local level,Stoltenberg was elected to the Oslo City Council in 2015.
Stoltenberg was born in Oslo,the son of Ingeborg (b. Andresen,1905-1993) and Theodor Emil Stoltenberg (1900-1998). [ citation needed ]In his mid-20s,Stoltenberg became heavily involved in the organization of Hungarian refugees fleeing the invading Soviet Army in 1956. While evacuating refugees by boat in the middle of the night,he jumped into the strong currents,risking his own life to save one of the boats. One of the other rescuers,American journalist Barry Farber described witnessing the incident in December 2006 on the Norwegian talk-show Først &sist .
"[In] May 1993,the UN's co-chair at the International Conference on the former Yugoslavia,Th. Stoltenberg was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG). As such,he acted as head of the UN mission in the former Yugoslavia and served as the first point of contact for the Department of Peacekeeping Operations in New York. All contacts between UNPROFOR in Zagreb and the UN in New York had to run via his office (...) Mr Stoltenberg was responsible for the coordination of all UNPROFOR operations,which also entailed assessments of the political implications of operational decisions as well as the actions of the conflicting parties. In practice,this combination of tasks was impossible to juggle. A serious conflict is said to have occurred between Thorvald Stoltenberg and General Wahlgren's successor,General J. Cot of France".
Cot disagreed with Stoltenberg about the latter's role as SRSG,and at the end of 1993 the two tasks were again split up. Stoltenberg stayed on as co-chair of the peace negotiations in Geneva on behalf of the UN,and on 1 January 1994 the Japanese diplomat Y. Akashi was appointed SRSG responsible for all UNPROFOR operations in the former Yugoslavia. It was he who negotiated with the authorities of the conflicting parties.
In 2010,Stoltenberg led a commission whose primary purpose was to recommend changes in Norwegian drug policy to improve the situation of hard drug addicts. The question of heroin prescription was one of the most controversial topics evaluated by the commission set up by Bjarne Håkon Hanssen. The commission concluded in June 2010 that Norway should start trials with heroin prescription,in addition to making several other changes to its drug policy.He also joined an international campaign for a less punitive drug policy,the Global Commission on Drug Policy,consisting of,among others,former Latin American leaders.
In 2010,together with 25 other statesmen,Stoltenberg sent a letter to EU leaders and the heads of government of the EU countries,demanding sanctions against Israel for its violations of international law. His co-signatories included Javier Solana,Felipe González,Romano Prodi,Lionel Jospin and Mary Robinson.
He married Karin Heiberg (1931–2012) in 1955. Their son,Jens Stoltenberg (born 1959),followed him into politics and served as Prime Minister of Norway from 2000 to 2001 and from 2005 to 2013,and is the current NATO Secretary-General. They also had two daughters,Camilla (born 1957),a medical researcher and administrator,and Nini (1965–2014) whose heroin addiction has been much publicized.
Thorvald Stoltenberg died on 13 July 2018 at the age of 87 after a short illness.
The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) is the officially mandated mission of the United Nations in Kosovo. The UNMIK describes its mandate as being to "help the United Nations Security Council achieve an overall objective,namely,to ensure conditions for a peaceful and normal life for all inhabitants of Kosovo and advance regional stability in the Western Balkans."
Jens Stoltenberg is a Norwegian politician who has been serving as the 13th Secretary General of NATO since 2014. A member of the Norwegian Labour Party,he previously served as the 34th Prime Minister of Norway from 2000 to 2001,and again from 2005 until 2013.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of separate but related ethnic conflicts,wars of independence,and insurgencies that took place in the SFR Yugoslavia from 1991 to 2001. The conflicts both led up to and resulted from the breakup of Yugoslavia,which began in mid-1991,into six independent countries matching the six entities known as republics which previously comprised Yugoslavia:Slovenia,Croatia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Montenegro,Serbia,and North Macedonia. Yugoslavia's constituent republics declared independence due to unresolved tensions between ethnic minorities in the new countries,which fuelled the wars. While most of the conflicts ended through peace accords that involved full international recognition of new states,they resulted in a massive number of deaths as well as severe economic damage to the region.
The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. The war is commonly seen as having started on 6 April 1992,following a number of earlier violent incidents. The war ended on 14 December 1995 when the Dayton accords were signed. The main belligerents were the forces of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina with those of the Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia and Republika Srpska,proto-states led and supplied by Croatia and Constituent Republic of Serbia,respectively.
The United Nations Protection Force was the first United Nations peacekeeping force in Croatia and in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav Wars. The force was formed in February 1992 and its mandate ended in March 1995,with the peacekeeping mission restructuring into three other forces.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan is a UN Special Political Mission tasked with assisting the people of Afghanistan.
Dr. Marianne Heiberg was director of the UN organization for aid to Palestinian refugees UNRWA field office in Jerusalem.
The United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia,commonly abbreviated UNCRO,was a United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission in Croatia. It was established under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter and approved by the UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 981 on 31 March 1995. UNCRO inherited personnel and infrastructure from the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). Its command was located in Zagreb;the peacekeeping troops were deployed in four sectors named North,South,East,and West. Twenty different countries contributed troops to the mission.
Four major international peace plans were proposed before and during the Bosnian War by European Community (EC) and United Nations (UN) diplomats before the conflict was settled by the Dayton Agreement in 1995.
The Z-4 Plan was a proposed basis for negotiations to end the Croatian War of Independence with a political settlement. It was drafted by Peter W. Galbraith,Leonid Kerestedjiants and Geert-Hinrich Ahrens on behalf of a mini-Contact Group comprising United Nations envoys and diplomats from the United States,Russia and the European Union. The co-chairs of the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia,David Owen and Thorvald Stoltenberg,were closely involved in the political process surrounding the plan. The document was prepared in the final months of 1994 and early 1995 before being presented to Croatian President Franjo Tuđman and the leaders of the self-declared Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK) on 30 January 1995. Tuđman was displeased with the proposal,but accepted it as a basis for further negotiations. However,the RSK authorities even refused to receive the document before UNPROFOR mandate status was resolved. According to later reactions,RSK leadership was not satisfied with the plan.
Raymond Johansen is a Norwegian politician for the Labour Party who has been Governing Mayor of Oslo since 2015. A former member of the Socialist Left Party,Johansen previously served as the Oslo city commissioner for transport and environment from 1992 to 1995,when his party withdrew from the city cabinet. After joining Labour,he served as the party secretary from 2009 to 2015.
Nini Stoltenberg was a Norwegian television personality and sister of Jens Stoltenberg,former prime minister of Norway,and Camilla Stoltenberg,the director-general of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. She was,however,better known as a drug addict,and has been cited as such by Norwegian media on numerous occasions. She has often been depicted as an unofficial spokesperson for Norwegian drug users. Stoltenberg was part of a 12-member group of expert advisers on drug policies for the second cabinet Bondevik (2001–2005).
Norwegian–Serbian relations are foreign relations between Norway and Serbia. Norway has an embassy in Belgrade. Serbia has an embassy in Oslo. Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
Croatia–Norway relations are foreign relations between Croatia and Norway. Both countries established diplomatic relations on 20 February 1992. Croatia has an embassy in Oslo. Norway has an embassy in Zagreb and an honorary consulate in Rijeka.
Wegger Christian Strømmen is a Norwegian diplomat and politician who is the current Norwegian Ambassador to the United Kingdom. He was Norwegian Ambassador to the United States in 2007–2013.
Camilla Stoltenberg is a Norwegian physician and researcher. Since 13 August 2012,she has been Director-General of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. She is the sister of former Prime Minister of Norway and General Secretary of NATO,Jens Stoltenberg.
On 12 April 1993,the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) launched an artillery attack against the town of Srebrenica,in eastern Bosnia,which left 56 dead and 73 seriously wounded,among whom were 14 children dead in a school playground. The attack came following the suspension of cease-fire talks,hours before NATO would implement a no-fly zone according to an UN resolution. VRS officials had previously told UNHCR representatives that the VRS would shell the town within two days unless it surrendered.
United Nations Security Council resolution 859,adopted unanimously on 24 August 1993,after recalling all resolutions on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina,the council noted that,despite all previous security council resolutions since Resolution 713 (1991),the region was still a scene of hostilities and there was little compliance with previous resolutions,particularly by the Bosnian Serb party.
Eirik Øwre Thorshaug is Vice President,Head Public and Regulatory Affairs for Telenor Group in Europe,and is a former Norwegian politician for the Labour Party.
Lieutenant General Lars-Eric Malcom Wahlgren was a Swedish Army officer. Wahlgren served as commanding officer of Gotland Military Command,as Chief of Home Guard and as Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)