Thorvald Thronsen

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Thorvald Thronsen (1 February 1917 – 15 June 2003 [1] ) was a Norwegian paramilitary officer.

Norway constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northwestern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula; the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard are also part of the Kingdom of Norway. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land.

From 1933 he was a member of the Fascist party Nasjonal Samling, and during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany a career path opened for him, even though he sustained shell shock during the fighting of 1940. He was chief of staff in the Hird - the party's paramilitary organisation modelled on the Nazi German Sturmabteilungen - from November 1940 to February 1944, except for 1941 when he served at the Eastern Front. He was pressured to leave the Hird after his brother John Thronsen got mixed up in intrigues. [2]

Nasjonal Samling Norwegian political party

Nasjonal Samling was a Norwegian far-right party active from 1933 to 1945. It was the only legal party of Norway from 1942 to 1945. It was founded by former minister of defence Vidkun Quisling and a group of supporters such as Johan Bernhard Hjort – who led the party's paramilitary wing (Hirden) for a short time before leaving the party in 1937 after various internal conflicts. The party celebrated its founding on 17 May, Norway's national holiday, but was founded on 13 May 1933.

Norwegian Campaign Second World War campaign fought in Norway

The Norwegian Campaign was the attempted Allied liberation of the Scandinavian nation of Norway from Nazi Germany during the early stages of World War II and directly following the German invasion and occupation of the Norwegian mainland and government. It took place from April 9, 1940, until June 10, 1940. The Allied campaign did not succeed, and it resulted in the fleeing of King Haakon VII along with the remainder of the royal family to Great Britain.

<i lang="de" title="German language text">Sturmabteilung</i> original Nazi paramilitary

The Sturmabteilung, literally Storm Detachment, was the Nazi Party's original paramilitary. It played a significant role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Its primary purposes were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties, especially the Red Front Fighters League of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), and intimidating Romanis, trade unionists, and, especially, Jews – for instance, during the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses.

During the legal purge in Norway after World War II he was not convicted, because he was regarded as insane. He was ordered to stay in Norway, but went to Spain and Brazil, before returning to Norway in 1954. [2]

Legal purge in Norway after World War II

The legal purge in Norway after World War II took place between May 1945 and August 1948 against anyone who was deemed to have collaborated with the German occupation of the country. Several thousand Norwegians and foreign citizens were tried and convicted for crimes committed in Scandinavia during the Second World War. However, the scope, legal basis, and fairness of these trials has since been a matter of some debate. A total of 40 people—including Vidkun Quisling, the Minister President of Norway during the occupation—were executed after capital punishment was reinstated in Norway. A further five were sentenced to death in Poland in 1947 for their actions in Norway.

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References

  1. "Cemeteries in Norway" (in Norwegian). DIS-Norge. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  2. 1 2 Sørensen, Øystein (1995). "Thronsen, Thorvald". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45 . Oslo: Cappelen. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2010.