Thouars

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Thouars
Thouars - Hotel de Ville 02.jpg
The town hall in Thouars
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Location of Thouars
Thouars
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Thouars
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Thouars
Coordinates: 46°58′33″N0°12′51″W / 46.9758°N 0.2142°W / 46.9758; -0.2142 Coordinates: 46°58′33″N0°12′51″W / 46.9758°N 0.2142°W / 46.9758; -0.2142
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Deux-Sèvres
Arrondissement Bressuire
Canton Thouars
Intercommunality Thouarsais
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Bernard Paineau [1]
Area
1
81.48 km2 (31.46 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
13,932
  Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
79329 /79100
Elevation47–117 m (154–384 ft)
(avg. 100 m or 330 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Arms of the Viscounts of Thouars Blason famille fr Thouars.svg
Arms of the Viscounts of Thouars

Thouars (pronounced  [twaʁ] ) is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France. On 1 January 2019, the former communes Mauzé-Thouarsais, Missé and Sainte-Radegonde were merged into Thouars. [3]

Contents

It is on the River Thouet. Its inhabitants are known as Thouarsais. The Toarcian stage of the Jurassic takes its name from the town.

History

Although there is evidence of human habitation here 5,000 years ago, it is only in the seventh century that the town appears in the historical record. In the 760s, Thouars found itself in Aquitaine, the most robust fortress in the entire region according to contemporary chroniclers. This was a violent decade as Duke Waïfre, struggling to preserve the independence of Aquitaine, fought against the expansionist ambitions of the French King, Pepin the Short. In 762, accompanied by his son, the future Charlemagne, appeared outside Thouars. He destroyed the Gallo-Roman town and torched the castle.

In the ninth century the first of a line of viscounts took charge of Thouars: he and his successors would control the fiefdom for more than five centuries until the end of the fourteenth century. The earliest of these Viscounts of Thouars for whom information survives is Geoffrey I, known as the founder of the Thouars dynasty. Located at the south of Anjou and at the frontier with Aquitaine, the Viscountcy of Thouars became a rich fiefdom with a strategic location extending from Upper Poitou all the way to the coast.

Aimery IV of Thouars was a companion of William the Conqueror as a commander in the Battle of Hastings. [4]

In Angers in 1199, Guy of Thouars married Constance of Brittany to become Duke of Brittany jure uxoris, and after the death of Constance, Regent of Brittany for her daughter Alix of Thouars.[ citation needed ] In 1372 the English were expelled from the town by Bertrand du Guesclin. [5]

Thouars was the birthplace of the medieval general Louis de La Trémoille, created duke by Charles IX in 1563. [5] In 1619 his heir Henri de La Trémoille married Marie de la Tour d'Auvergne, sister of Turenne. She razed the old gothic château-fort to build the present château.

Main sights

People

Thouars was the birthplace of:

Thouars is also the final resting place of:

Twin towns

Thouars is twinned with:

See also

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Château des Ducs de La Trémoille

The Château des Ducs de La Trémoille is located in Thouars in the Deux-Sèvres département of France and was built in the 17th century. It is located on a strategic defense point -a promontory above the Thouet river- and consists of the main building, an inner court, an orangery, a chapel and a stable.

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 9 August 2021.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. Arrêté préfectoral 30 October 2018 (in French)
  4. "AimeryIVThouarsdied1093B" . Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Thouars"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 883.