Last updated
Thouars - Hotel de Ville 02.jpg
The town hall in Thouars
Armoiries Ville Thouars.png
Location of Thouars
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 46°58′33″N0°12′51″W / 46.9758°N 0.2142°W / 46.9758; -0.2142 Coordinates: 46°58′33″N0°12′51″W / 46.9758°N 0.2142°W / 46.9758; -0.2142
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Deux-Sèvres
Arrondissement Bressuire
Canton Thouars
Intercommunality Thouarsais
  Mayor (20202026) Bernard Paineau [1]
81.48 km2 (31.46 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
  Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
79329 /79100
Elevation47–117 m (154–384 ft)
(avg. 100 m or 330 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Arms of the Viscounts of Thouars Blason famille fr Thouars.svg
Arms of the Viscounts of Thouars

Thouars (pronounced  [twaʁ] ) is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France. On 1 January 2019, the former communes Mauzé-Thouarsais, Missé and Sainte-Radegonde were merged into Thouars. [3]


It is on the River Thouet. Its inhabitants are known as Thouarsais. The Toarcian stage of the Jurassic takes its name from the town.


Although there is evidence of human habitation here 5,000 years ago, it is only in the seventh century that the town appears in the historical record. In the 760s, Thouars found itself in Aquitaine, the most robust fortress in the entire region according to contemporary chroniclers. This was a violent decade as Duke Waïfre, struggling to preserve the independence of Aquitaine, fought against the expansionist ambitions of the French King, Pepin the Short. In 762, accompanied by his son, the future Charlemagne, appeared outside Thouars. He destroyed the Gallo-Roman town and torched the castle.

In the ninth century the first of a line of viscounts took charge of Thouars: he and his successors would control the fiefdom for more than five centuries until the end of the fourteenth century. The earliest of these Viscounts of Thouars for whom information survives is Geoffrey I, known as the founder of the Thouars dynasty. Located at the south of Anjou and at the frontier with Aquitaine, the Viscountcy of Thouars became a rich fiefdom with a strategic location extending from Upper Poitou all the way to the coast.

Aimery IV of Thouars was a companion of William the Conqueror as a commander in the Battle of Hastings. [4]

In Angers in 1199, Guy of Thouars married Constance of Brittany to become Duke of Brittany jure uxoris, and after the death of Constance, Regent of Brittany for her daughter Alix of Thouars.[ citation needed ] In 1372 the English were expelled from the town by Bertrand du Guesclin. [5]

Thouars was the birthplace of the medieval general Louis de La Trémoille, created duke by Charles IX in 1563. [5] In 1619 his heir Henri de La Trémoille married Marie de la Tour d'Auvergne, sister of Turenne. She razed the old gothic château-fort to build the present château.

Main sights


Thouars was the birthplace of:

Thouars is also the final resting place of:

Twin towns

Thouars is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

Deux-Sèvres Department of France

Deux-Sèvres is a French department. Deux-Sèvres literally means "two Sèvres": the Sèvre Nantaise and the Sèvre Niortaise are two rivers which have their sources in the department.

Arthur I, Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany

Arthur I was 4th Earl of Richmond and Duke of Brittany between 1196 and 1203. He was the posthumous son of Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, and Constance, Duchess of Brittany. His father, Geoffrey, was the son of Henry II, King of England.

Communes of the Deux-Sèvres department

The following is a list of the 256 communes of the Deux-Sèvres department of France.

Noirmoutier-en-lÎle Commune in Pays de la Loire, France

Noirmoutier-en-l'Île, commonly referred to as Noirmoutier, is a commune located in the northern part of the island of Noirmoutier, just off the coast of the Vendée department in the Pays de la Loire region in western France.

Parthenay Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Parthenay is an ancient fortified town and commune in the Deux-Sèvres department of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is sited on a rocky spur that is surrounded on two sides by the River Thouet, and is the sub-prefecture of the Parthenay arrondissement.

Bressuire Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bressuire is a commune in the French department of Deux-Sèvres, region of New Aquitaine. The town is situated on an eminence overlooking the Dolo, a tributary of the Argenton.

Arrondissement of Bressuire Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bressuire is an arrondissement of France in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 57 communes. Its population is 109,393 (2016), and its area is 1,938.9 km2 (748.6 sq mi).

Airvault Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Airvault is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is located on the River Thouet.

The Château de Noirmoutier is a castle on the Île de Noirmoutier in the Vendée département of France. It dominates the town of Noirmoutier-en-l'Île with its almost 20-metre-high (66 ft) keep. The castle is very well preserved and a fine example of 12th-century medieval architecture.

William des Roches was a French knight and crusader who acted as Seneschal of Anjou, of Maine and of Touraine. After serving the Angevin kings of England, in 1202 he changed his loyalty to King Philip II of France and became a leading member of his government.

Brie, Deux-Sèvres Part of Plaine-et-Vallées in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Brie is a former commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Plaine-et-Vallées.

Châtillon-sur-Thouet Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Châtillon-sur-Thouet is a village and commune in the Deux-Sèvres department of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. The village is situated on the river Thouet to the north of the town of Parthenay, with which it forms a contiguous built-up area.

Saint-Généroux Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Généroux is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in western France.


Taizon is a village in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine région of France.


The Thouaret is a 52 km (32 mi) river in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is a right tributary of the Thouet.

Aimery I, Viscount of Châtellerault

Aimery I de Châtellerault, was the Viscount of Châtellerault and father of Aenor de Châtellerault. Through his daughter he was the grandfather of Eleanor of Aquitaine, successively queen of France and England.

Château des Ducs de La Trémoille

The Château des Ducs de La Trémoille is located in Thouars in the Deux-Sèvres département of France and was built in the 17th century. It is located on a strategic defense point -a promontory above the Thouet river- and consists of the main building, an inner court, an orangery, a chapel and a stable.

Château de Commequiers

The Château de Commequiers is a castle in Commequiers in Vendée, France. The original location and time of construction of the original castle is unknown. Some scholars claim it may have been built in the 11th century, at the same time as the châteaux of La Chaize-le-Vicomte and Tiffauges, under the commission of the Viscount of Thouars, who had influence over what are today the northern parts of Vendée.

Villeneuve Abbey former Cistercian monastery in Les Sorinières, Pays de la Loire, Brittany

Villeneuve Abbey, dedicated to Our Lady, was a Cistercian monastery at the present-day Les Sorinières, near Nantes in Pays de la Loire, France, founded in 1201 and dissolved in 1790, during the French Revolution.


  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 9 August 2021.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. Arrêté préfectoral 30 October 2018 (in French)
  4. "AimeryIVThouarsdied1093B" . Retrieved 2015-03-25.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Thouars"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 883.