Thoubal district

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Thoubal district
ꯊꯧꯕꯥꯜ ꯗꯤꯁꯇ꯭ꯔꯤꯛ
Thoubal district
Thoubal district
Location in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°39′N93°59′E / 24.650°N 93.983°E / 24.650; 93.983 Coordinates: 24°39′N93°59′E / 24.650°N 93.983°E / 24.650; 93.983
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State ..Manipur Flag(INDIA).png Manipur
Headquarters Thoubal
Area
  Total324 km2 (125 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total286,687
  Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-MN-TH
Vehicle registration MN
Website thoubal.nic.in

Thoubal district (Pron:/ˈθɑʊbɑːl orˈθɑʊbəl/) is one of the sixteen districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. This district is bounded by Senapati district on the north, Ukhrul and Chandel districts on the east, Churchandpur and Bishnupur districts on the south and Imphal West and Imphal East districts on the west. The district occupies an area of 324 km2. The population as of 2011 is 286,687. [1] Thoubal town is the district headquarters. This district is known for Khongjom, where the last battle of the independence of Manipur was fought in April 1891 against the British army.

Contents

History

In May 1983 this district came into existence when Thoubal sub-division of the erstwhile Manipur Central District (later Imphal district) with all its administrative units was transferred to form a new district. Later, in November 1983, Thoubal district was divided into Thoubal and Kakching sub-divisions comprising Kakching and Waikhong Tahsils. At present there are 3 sub divisions in Thoubal district, they are Thoubal, Lilong and Kakching.

Geography

The district occupies the larger part of the eastern half of the Manipur Valley. The shape of the district is an irregular triangle with its base facing north. It lies between 23° 45' – 24° 45' North latitudes and 93° 45' – 94° 15' East longitudes. Its average elevation is about 790 m above the sea level. The district is dotted by a few hillocks and hills of low heights. Of these, Punam hill has an elevation of 1009 m above the sea level.

Rivers and lakes

The Imphal and the Thoubal are the most significant rivers that flow through the district. The Thoubal River originates in the hill ranges of Ukhrul and is an important tributary of the Imphal River. It passes through Yairipok and Thoubal before joining the Imphal at Irong near Mayang Imphal. The Imphal River rises in the hills of Senapati district and flows south. It forms the northern and western boundaries of Thoubal district. Other rivers in the district are the Wangjing, the Arong and the Sekmai. These rivers originate in the hills of Ukhrul district. The Arong River flows through Khangabok and falls into Kharung Pat. The Wangjing River flows west via Heirok and Wangjing before joining the Loushi Pat.

Small hillock in Thoubal Thoubal naturee.jpg
Small hillock in Thoubal

The southwestern part of the district is a part of the Loktak Lake region and this area has a number of shallow and rain fed lakes, the important ones being Kharung, Ikop, Pumlen, Lousi and Ngangou. The Waithou Lake in the northern part of the district is formed by the drainage waters collected between Waithou hill on the west and the villages and paddy fields on the east.

Climate

The district has a moderate climate with relatively abundant and widespread rainfall. The rainy season starts in June and continue till September. Intermittent rains continue till October. The winter season lasts from December to February. During the winter months light rainfall occurs under the influence of the northeast monsoon. The average minimum temperature during winter is 4–6 °C, sometimes the minimum temperature goes below 0 °C. April and May are the summer season. The average maximum temperature is 32–35 °C during these months, seldom the maximum temperature goes beyond 37 °C. Occasional thunderstorms occur during these months. The average annual rainfall was 1318.39 mm during the period 1983–89.

Economy

Green paddy field in Thoubal district Green paddy field.jpg
Green paddy field in Thoubal district

Agriculture is the most important source of livelihood for the people of this district of Manipur. More than 70 per cent of the total population of the district is directly or indirectly engaged in agricultural activities. The valley is fertile and the topography of Thoubal District provides good opportunity for irrigation, natural as well as artificial. Rice accounts for above 90 per cent of the total land area under cultivation. The soil of the district is fertile and with the help of irrigation facilities from the Imphal barrage double cropping is widely practiced in the district. In some areas, even triple cropping is practiced - first paddy crop starting late February or early March, second paddy crop in July and early August and the third crop of mustard seeds, pulses, etc. in November. Other crops grown in Thoubal District are sugarcane, oilseeds, maize, potatoes, pulses, chilies, etc. The district is the largest producer of sugarcane in Manipur. Its cultivation is mainly confined to Thoubal, Wangjing, Kakching, Kakching Khunou and Wabagai. Although maize is grown throughout the district, it is cultivated as major cash crop around Serou, Pallel and Kakching belt. Oilseeds, mainly mustard seeds, are found all over the district. Recently cultivation of sunflower has also started. Vegetables such as cabbages, cauliflower, different kinds of peas, gourds, pumpkins, etc. are cultivated here. Among the plantation crops, pineapples are the most important and are cultivated in the slopes of low hills and hillocks it is Mainly cultivated in Waithou hill range and Sharam hill. Another important sector of economy of Thoubal District is Animal Husbandry. Important livestock found in Thoubal District are cattle, buffaloes, goats, horses and ponies, pigs, dogs etc. Significant progress have been made in the district in the direction of milk production, breeding of better varieties of cattle and poultry, and generation of employment through piggery and poultry development. Recently a dairy production firm is planning to open in Khangabok. Khangabok is famed throughout Manipur for Tule, (Schoenoplectus acutus) know locally as Kouna, based handicrafts too. Kouna is used for making seating mat (phak), stool (mora), chair, mattress and various other crafts. [2]

Fishing also contributes to the economy of Thoubal District. Fishing provides an important occupation for a large number of people in the district. Fishing is commonly practiced in villages such as Tentha, Leishangthem, Wabgai, Khangabok, Kakching-khunou and Wangoo.

Tourism

Khongjom

It is situated above 10 km to the south of Thoubal, the district headquarters (32 km from Imphal). It is the place where last war of Manipur's independence was fought between the Manipuri and the British soldiers. Khongjom war memorial park has been constructed and on the top Kheba hillock statue of Paona brajabashi is erected. Every year on 23 April Khongjom day is celebrated.

Sugnu

Situated 51 km from Thoubal and junction of four districts i.e. Thoubal, Bishnupur, Churachandpur and Chandel, the place is an important trading centre on the south of the district. From it, views of the Imphal river can be seen. It is on the Imphal–Sugnu State highway. Serou temple near Sugnu is one of the famous pilgrims in Manipur.

Waithou

Waithou lake Waithou lake.jpg
Waithou lake

The place is important for its scenery.[ citation needed ] There is an inspection bungalow on the hill-side over looking the Waithou Lake. The place is noted for its tasty pineapples.[ citation needed ] An exotic variety of local fish known as 'Ngaton' used to be available at this place abundantly till a few years back from now.[ when? ] It is on the National highway about 3 km from the district headquarters.

Kakching

Kakching Garden Kakching Eco.jpg
Kakching Garden

It is the sub-divisional headquarters of Kakching sub-division and is a trading centre of a variety of vegetables, fishes and rice next to Thoubal, the biggest town in the district. The place is easily approachable from the National highway and is connected to the other State highways. Kakching Eco-park is a park located on the top of Kakching hills.

Thoubal

It is the district headquarters of Thoubal district and also the sub-divisional headquarters of Thoubal sub-division. It is the largest and busiest town of this district. Situated 22 km from Imphal, the National highway No. 39 divides the town almost into halves from north to south length-wise. The Thoubal river flows through the centre of the town from east to west. It is the biggest town in the district and is one of the most important trading centre of the district. The town has all the infrastructures of a fast developing urban area. All the government offices, institutions and banks of this district are located around Thoubal town.

Demographics

Religion in Thoubal District (2011)
ReligionPercent
Hinduism
63.28%
Islam
25.42%
Sanamahism
10.03%
Christianity
1.02%
Other & Not Stated
0.26%

Tehsil

Hindus

Muslims

Sanamahism

Others

Thoubal

74.39%15.47%9.17%0.96%

Kakching

74.44%7.53%15.87%2.16%

Lilong

20.62%75.86%2.94%0.58%

According to the 2011 census Thoubal district has a population of 422,168 [3] roughly equal to the nation of Malta. [4] This gives it a ranking of 555th in India (out of a total of 640). [3] The district has a population density of 818 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,120/sq mi). [3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 15.48%. [3] Thoubal has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males, [3] and a literacy rate of 76.66%. [3]

Languages

Languages in Thoubal district (2011) [5]

   Manipuri (99.35%)
  Others (0.65%)

Transports

Transports system in this district is good. All the important towns and villages are well connected with district headquarters and other sub-divisional headquarters. There are regular taxis playing between Thoubal to Kakching and other places.

Roads

As the Asian highway AH-1 passes through the center of the district the road connection in this district is good. Most of the important towns in this district are connected with this highway. The other important state highways in this district are Mayai-lambi road, Indo-Burma-Sugunu road and Imphal Yairipok road etc. Other important district roads are Thoubal-Leishangthem-Mayang Imphal road, Thoubal-yairipok-Sekhong sekmai road, Wangjing-Heirok-Machi road, Wangjing-tentha-Wabgai road, Khangabok-Sangaiyumpham-Tentha road, Kakching-Machi road, Pallel-Chandel road, Sugunu-Saikot-Lamka road, Sugunu-Serou-CH.karong road.

Education

Thoubal College Thoubal College.jpg
Thoubal College

Thoubal and Kakching are the main educational hubs of the district. Thoubal College and Kha-Manipur College are degree colleges in the district. Beside this many other colleges are in the district. A nursing college inside the district hospital Thoubal has been under construction. Jawaharlal Novodya vidyalaya kakching-khunou is the only central government school in this district and other schools are Padhma-Ratna school Kakching, K.M blooming Eng. School Khangabok, Evergreen Flower Eng. school Thoubal.

Health

Hospitals in Thoubal are:-

Administrative divisions

The district is divided into 2 sub-divisions:

Recently, Kakching is carved out from Thoubal district as a separate district comprising the sub-divisions of Kakching and Waikhong.

The 10 Vidhan Sabha constituencies located within the undivided district are: Lilong, Thoubal, Wangkhem, Heirok, Wangjing-Tentha, Khangabok, Wabagai, Kakching, Hiyanglam, and Sugnu.

Thoubal and Kakching are the municipal towns and Lilong, Wangjing, Yairipok, Waikhong, Hiyanglam, and Sugnu are other small town in the undivided district.

Important offices in Thoubal District

civil court KBK District court.jpg
civil court KBK

Banks in Thoubal district

Areas under Imphal Urban Agglomeration

Sports Ground

List of Sports ground in Thoubal are:-

Related Research Articles

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Ukhrul District is an administrative district of the state of Manipur in India with its headquarters at Ukhrul, that is Hunphun. The district occupies the north-eastern corner of the state and it extends between latitudes of 24° 29′ and 25° 42′ N and longitudes 94° 30′ and 94° 45′ E approximately. It shares an international boundary with Myanmar (Burma) on its eastern side and is bounded by Nagaland state in the north, Senapati district and Kangpokpi district in the west and Kamjong district in the south. It has the distinction of being the highest hill station of Manipur. The terrain of the district is hilly with a varying heights of 913 m to 3114 m (MSL). Ukhrul, the district HQ., at an altitude of 2020 m (MSL) is linked with Imphal, the state capital by NH 202 which is about 84 kilometres apart. The district covers an area of 4,544 square kilometres including Kamjong district making it the second largest district of the state after Churachandpur district and has a population of almost 1,83,998 according to Census of India 2011 comprising about 6.44 per cent of the total state population. The Tangkhul Naga tribe constitute the major bulk of the population with other communities such as Thadou, Nepalese and other non-tribals constituting a small percentage of the district population. Administratively, the district which comprises around 200 villages was divided into five sub-divisions, where their boundaries were coterminous with that of the Tribal Development Blocks. There was no statutory town in the district except one census town which was formed in 2011 Census. Recently, Kamjong district was carved out from Ukhrul District as a separate district. Ukhrul District has three assembly constituencies before the bifurcation of the district which are Phungyar Assembly Constituency (43-ST), Ukhrul Assembly Constituency (44-ST) and Chingai Assembly Constituency. The district is best introduced by its rare Shirui Lily,. Also, the district has provided two of Manipur's chief ministers and the only from amongst the hill districts of Manipur, Yangmaso Shaiza the first tribal chief minister of Manipur and Rishang Keishing who is also the first MP from Outer Manipur. William Pettigrew (missionary), an educationist and a Scottish-British Christian Missionary pioneered the western system of education and introduced the Christianity faith among the Tangkhal Naga tribe. Phungyo Baptist Church, Tangrei, Ukhrul, the oldest and the first Christian church of Manipur which still stands today is a testament to his passion for missionary work.

Kakching Khunou is an agricultural town in Kakching district in Manipur, India. Situated at a distance of 56 km from Imphal, it is surrounded by hillocks and agricultural land. Tarang Turel, a rivulet flowing down from the eastern hills, runs through the middle of the town serving as a natural spring. It is connected to other parts of the state by the Imphal -Sugnu state highway.

Sugnu is a town in Kakching district in the Indian state of Manipur.

Thoubal Town in Manipur, India

Thoubal is a town, a municipal council with 18 municipal wards and district Headquarters in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. The name 'Thoubal' comes from 'Athouba' meaning brave people symbolising the courageous people of the district. It is one of the larger towns of Manipur. It is idyllic and has many lakes and rivers, paddy fields, and gardens. It is also the window to South-East Asia as the Trans-Asian highway (AH1) passes through it. It is well connected with Imphal, Kakching, Moreh, and Yairipok. Thoubal - Yairipok highway is wow and Imphal-Thoubal road under construction is wower in future.

Yairipok is a town in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur.

Wangjing is a town and a municipal council in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. It is about 6 km from district headquarters and an agricultural town in Thoubal district in the Indian state of Manipur. It is bordered by Heirok village in the east, Tentha village in the south-west, and on the other side by agricultural land. Wangjing River, a rivulet flowing down from the eastern hills, runs through the middle of the town, serving as a natural spring. It is connected to other parts of the state by the Imphal–Moreh national highway. It is the junction between Heirok and Tentha village.

Tentha is a village in Thoubal District in Manipur, India.

Wabagai is a town in Kakching district in Manipur, India. It is located on the bank to the Sekmai river.

Khangabok is a village located about 25 km south of Imphal, in the state of Manipur, India. Its jurisdiction falls under the Thoubal District Division. Khangabok is one of the largest villages in Manipur in terms of area and population.

Sihai, Manipur Village in Manipur, India

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Lamkang language Naga language spoken in India and Burma

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Phungyar is a small town located south of Kamjong in Kamjong district, Manipur state, India. It is also the name of a sub division of the district. The town is about 50 kilometers from Ukhrul and is partially connected by National Highway 150 that connects Imphal and Kohima via Ukhrul and Jessami. The town is flanked by Khambi in the south, Loushing in the north and alang in the west. Locally, the inhabitants speak common tangkhul language and native village dialect which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Kakching District is one of the 16 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. This district is bounded by Thoubal district on the north, Ukhrul and Chandel districts on the east, Churchandpur and Bishnupur districts on the south and Imphal West and Imphal East districts on the west. The Kakching District is one of the newly form district by the Government of Manipur in 2016 from Thoubal district.

Machi village is located in India and listed under Taluk : Machi, in the district of Tengnoupal, in Manipur state, India.

Kairembikhok is a village in Thoubal District in Manipur, India.

Chajing Khunou Village in Manipur, India

Chajing Khunou is a small village situated within the Kakching district in the Indian state of Manipur. It is located about 75 km (47 mi) to the south of Imphal. The village covers an area of approximately 0.75 km2 (0.29 sq mi) and contains 60 households with a population in 2018 of 270 people. The village originates from an old town, Lilong Chajing, which is about 65 km (40 mi) to the north of Chajing Khunou. It was first settled in the 1960s, by migrants from Lilong Chajing.

References

  1. "Ranking of Districts by Population Size, 2001 and 2011" (XLS). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011. 2010–2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  2. http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/sep252005/1018.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Malta 408,333 July 2011 est.
  5. "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India".