Thousand Hope Candidates

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Thousand Hope Candidates

Bin Umut Adayları
Founded2007
Preceded by Democratic People's Party (2002)
Succeeded by Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc (2011)
Ideology Socialism
Minority rights
Kurdish nationalism
Political position Left wing
Colours     Purple
SloganTürkiye'ye bir sözümüz var
(We have a promise for Turkey)
Participating parties Democratic Society Party
Freedom and Solidarity Party
Labour Party
Socialist Democracy Party
Website
Website (dead link)

The Thousand Hope Candidates (Turkish: Bin Umut Adayları) was an electoral alliance between four left-wing political parties in Turkey, formed in preparation for the 2007 general election. The alliance contested the election by fielding candidates from participating parties as independents in order to bypass the 10% election threshold needed to win seats in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The alliance's candidates won a total of 1,334,518 votes and 22 seats in the election. [1]

Turkish language Turkic language mainly spoken and used in Turkey

Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, and sometimes known as Turkey Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around ten to fifteen million native speakers in Southeast Europe and sixty to sixty-five million native speakers in Western Asia. Outside Turkey, significant smaller groups of speakers exist in Germany, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Cyprus has requested that the European Union add Turkish as an official language, even though Turkey is not a member state.

An electoral alliance is an association of political parties or individuals that exists solely to stand in elections. Other similar terms are bipartisan electoral agreement, electoral pactelectoral agreement, electoral coalition or electoral bloc.

Turkey Country spanning Western Asia and Southeastern Europe

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city while Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority at anywhere from 15 to 20 percent of the population.

Contents

Lacking a realistic prospect of gaining parliamentary representation due to the 10% threshold, the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party (DTP), the socialist libertarian Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP), the Labour Party (EMEP) and the Socialist Democracy Party (SDP) joined forces and decided to field candidates under a joint alliance, hence creating the Thousand Hope alliance. [2] The alliance stated that its candidates included individuals who could extend the appeal of the political left to the general public, having also extended support to other left-wing candidates who were not part of the four member parties. [3] The alliance fielded 65 candidates in 40 provinces. [4] The Labour Party and the Freedom and Solidarity Party fielded their own candidates in the remaining 41 provinces but fell well short of the 10% electoral threshold.

Democratic Society Party political party

The Democratic Society Party was a Kurdish nationalist political party in Turkey. The party considered itself social-democratic and had observer status in the Socialist International. It was considered to be the successor of the Democratic People's Party (DEHAP). On 11 December 2009, the Constitutional Court of Turkey banned the DTP, ruling that the party has become "focal point of activities against the indivisible unity of the state, the country and the nation". The ban has been widely criticized both by groups within Turkey and by several international organizations. The party was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy Party.

Freedom and Solidarity Party political party

The Freedom and Solidarity Party is a left-libertarian and internationalist socialist political party in Turkey.

Labour Party (Turkey) political party in Turkey

Labour Party is a political party in Turkey. Its chairman is Selma Gürkan. The party was founded as Emek Partisi in 1996. Due to its ban by the Constitutional Court, it was refounded with the name Emeğin Partisi, the same year. In 2005, the name "Emek Partisi" was reinstalled after the European Court of Human Rights held the ban was a violation of Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

The alliance was also in favour of minority rights, having openly campaigned as 'Kurds wanting peace'. Segments of society such as the LGBT community, which the alliance claimed had faced discrimination and oppression, played a major role in alliance's election campaign. Critics branded the alliance as Kurdish nationalist, pointing to the pro-Kurdish DTP, which was the biggest of the four participating parties. [5]

Minority rights are the normal individual rights as applied to members of racial, ethnic, class, religious, linguistic or gender and sexual minorities; and also the collective rights accorded to minority groups. Minority rights may also apply simply to individual rights of anyone who is not part of a majority decision.

<i>LGBT</i> Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons

LGBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.

Kurdish nationalism political ideology

Kurdish nationalism holds that the Kurdish people are deserving of a sovereign nation that would be partitioned out of areas in Turkey, northern Iraq, and Syria based on the promised nation of Kurdistan under the Treaty of Sèvres.

A similar alliance, namely the Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc, was formed in preparation for the 2011 general election four years later.

Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc

The Labour, Democracy and Freedom Bloc was an electoral alliance formed by the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) with several other smaller left-wing parties and political movements in Turkey. The alliance contested the 2011 general election by fielding candidates from participating parties as independents in order to bypass the 10% election threshold needed to win seats in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. The alliance won 5.67% of the vote, initially winning 36 MPs. The Supreme Electoral Council of Turkey later annulled the election of BDP MP Hatip Dicle in Diyarbakır, reducing the alliance's elected MPs to 35. The Bloc fielded 65 candidates in 41 provinces.

2011 Turkish general election general election held on 12 June 2011

Turkey's 17th general election was held on 12 June 2011 to elect 550 new members of Grand National Assembly. In accordance to the result of the constitutional referendum held in 2007, the election was held four years after the previous one instead of five.

General election performance

Results

Thousand Hope Candidates' performance in the 2007 general election
Participating partiesVotesSeatsMap
PartyLeaderCandidatesVotesPercentage Swing ElectedSeat ±
Democratic Society Party Ahmet Türk 651,334,5183.81%Decrease2.svg 2.42%
22 / 550
Increase2.svg 22 Turkish general election 2007.png
Freedom and Solidarity Party Ufuk Uras
Socialist Democracy Party Akın Birdal
Labour Party Levent Tüzel
Provinces of Turkey first-level administrative division of Turkey

Turkey is divided into 81 provinces. Each province is divided into a number of different districts. Each provincial government is seated in the central district. The central district usually bears the name of the province. There are only three exceptions to this naming scheme:

Democratic Peoples Party (Turkey) Defunct Kurdish political party in Turkey

Democratic People's Party was a Kurdish nationalist political party in Turkey. DEHAP was founded 24 October 1997. It was the continuation of the People's Democracy Party (HADEP), which was banned in March 2003 by the Constitutional Court on the grounds that it supported the Kurdistan Workers Party.

2002 Turkish general election

The 15th Turkish general election was held on 3 November 2002 following the collapse of the DSP-MHP-ANAP coalition led by Bülent Ecevit. It was the 15th general election to be held in Turkey. All 550 members of the Grand National Assembly were up for election.

Elected members

22 of a total of 65 candidates were elected. The combined votes won by Thousand Hope candidates were higher than any other party in the provinces of Tunceli, Diyarbakır, Muş, Iğdır, Hakkari and Şırnak. The results represented a significant swing to the governing Justice and Development Party (AKP), which made heavy gains in the Kurdish south-east were the Democratic People's Party had won back in 2002. Only 2 of the 22 Thousand Hope Candidates elected were from non-southeastern provinces, namely Ufuk Uras and Sebahat Tuncel from İstanbul's 1st and 3rd electoral district respectively. The following table shows the distribution of DTP, SDP, EMEP and ÖDP members within the 22 elected members.

Tunceli Municipality in Tunceli Province, Turkey

Tunceli or Dersim is a city in Turkey. It is the capital of Tunceli Province, located in the middle of Eastern Anatolia Region.

Diyarbakır Metropolitan municipality in Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey

Diyarbakır is one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey and is often considered the unofficial capital of Northern Kurdistan. Situated on the banks of the Tigris River, it is the administrative capital of the Diyarbakır Province. It is the third-largest city in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, after Şanlıurfa and Gaziantep.

Muş Municipality in Turkey

Muş is a city and the provincial capital of Muş Province in Turkey. The former Armenian Catholic eparchy (bishopric) is now a titular see.

PartyLeaderElected
Democratic Society Party Ahmet Türk
20 / 22
Socialist Democracy Party Akın Birdal
1 / 22
Freedom and Solidarity Party Ufuk Uras
1 / 22
Labour Party Levent Tüzel
0 / 22
Thousand Hope total
22 / 550

The full list of members elected under the Thousand Hope banner are as follows:

Elected memberParty Electoral district Vote share
Ahmet Türk Democratic Society Party Mardin 19.35%
Akın Birdal Socialist Democracy Party Diyarbakır 11.78%
Ayla Akat Ata Democratic Society Party Batman 19.78%
Aysel Tuğluk Democratic Society Party Diyarbakır 9.44%
Bengi Yıldız Democratic Society Party Batman 19.30%
Emine Ayna Democratic Society Party Mardin 15.57%
Fatma Kurtulan Democratic Society Party Van 11.80%
Gültan Kışanak Democratic Society Party Diyarbakır 12.59%
Hamit Geylani Democratic Society Party Hakkari 17.58%
Hasip Kaplan Democratic Society Party Şırnak 24.18%
İbrahim Binici Democratic Society Party Şanlıurfa 6.11%
Mehmet Nezir Karabaş Democratic Society Party Bitlis 16.04%
Mehmet Nuri Yaman Democratic Society Party Muş 16.83%
Ufuk Uras Freedom and Solidarity Party İstanbul (I) 3.74%
Osman Özçelik Democratic Society Party Siirt 24.59%
Özdal Üçer Democratic Society Party Van 11.20%
Pervin Buldan Democratic Society Party Iğdır 26.90%
Sebahat Tuncel Democratic Society Party İstanbul (III) 4.54%
Selahattin Demirtaş Democratic Society Party Diyarbakır 9.74%
Sevahir Bayındır Democratic Society Party Şırnak 29.47%
Sırrı Sakık Democratic Society Party Muş 16.90%
Şerafettin Halis Democratic Society Party Tunceli 27.14%

Votes won by participating parties elsewhere

The Labour Party and the Freedom and Solidarity Party both fielded candidates as a party in electoral districts where the Thousand Hope Candidates did not run for election. The votes shares won by these parties are as follows.

PartyVotesSeats
VotesPercentage Swing ElectedSeat ±
Freedom and Solidarity Party 52,0550.15%Decrease2.svg 0.19%0Steady2.svg 0
Labour Party 26,2920.08%Increase2.svg 0.08%0Steady2.svg 0

See also

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References

  1. "DTP, kalelerinde oy kaybına uğradı / Siyaset / Milliyet Gazete". Milliyet.com.tr. 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  2. Marlies Casier; Joost Jongerden (2011). Nationalisms and Politics in Turkey: Political Islam, Kemalism and the Kurdish Issue. Routledge. pp. 134–135. ISBN   978-0-203-84706-0.
  3. "Bin Umut Adayları". Archived from the original on June 18, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  4. "Seçime bağımsız girecek "Bin Umut Adayları" tanıtıldı –". Sendika.org. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  5. "DTPs Baptism of Fire - Güneş Murat Tezcür - english". Bianet.org. 2007-07-22. Retrieved 2015-08-29.