Thracian tomb of Aleksandrovo

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Coordinates: 41°58′47″N25°44′17″E / 41.97972°N 25.73806°E / 41.97972; 25.73806

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Hunting scene on the main chamber fresco Aleksandrovo kurgan.jpg
Hunting scene on the main chamber fresco

The Aleksandrovo tomb is a Thracian burial mound and tomb excavated near Aleksandrovo, Haskovo Province, South-Eastern Bulgaria, dated to c. 4th century BCE.

On December 17, 2000 the tomb was accidentally uncovered by an earth-moving machine. [1] Looters subsequently entered the tomb, damaging some of its frescoes. In 2001 Bulgarian archaeologist Georgi Kitov led a rescue excavation of the tomb, discovering a round chamber of about 3 meters (9.8 ft) in diameter, accessible through a small antechamber and a tunnel, approximately 6 meters (20 ft) long. Both the antechamber and main chamber are decorated with well-preserved frescoes that reflect the artist's knowledge of Late Classical and Early Hellenistic art. [2] The fresco in the main chamber depicts a hunting scene where a boar is attacked by a mounted hunter and a naked man wielding a double-axe. The double-axe is interpreted as representing royal power, [1] the naked man as representing Zalmoxis, [3] [4] the Thracian solar god corresponding to Zeus. [3] [4]

A graffito in the chamber inscribed with the Thracian name Kozemases indicates either the tomb's noble patron [2] or its artist. [5]

The Thracian tomb of Alexandrovo is dated at early 4th century BC. [6] Wall paintings exhibit the change in appearance due to Greek influence. [6] In the wall-paintings beards, tattoos, cloaks, boots, hats, top-knots have disappeared. [6] Greek footwear replaces their boots. [6] The tomb may be that of Triballi. [7]

Also other changes are seen such as Thracians wearing gold or bronze torcs around their necks (usually three). [6]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Webber, Christopher. "The Alexandrovo Tomb and other Recent Discoveries", Slingshot 216, July 2001, pp 47-50
  2. 1 2 Theodossiev, Nikola, "The tholos tomb at Alexandrovo: Thracian funerary paintings in a broader context" Archived 2008-04-02 at the Wayback Machine , 2005
  3. 1 2 Wagner, Hans (5 August 2004). "Die Thraker". Eurasisches Magazin (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  4. 1 2 Dimitrov, Kalin (12 September 2008). "Thracian tomb of Aleksandrovo". Chain. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  5. Petrov, Irko. "The Thracian Tomb in Aleksandrovo" Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine , Haskovo, 2007
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 The Thracians 700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms) by Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, 2001, ISBN   1-84176-329-2, page 19
  7. The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 6: The Fourth Century BC (Hardcover) by D. M. Lewis, ISBN   0-521-23348-8, 1994, page 463

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