Thrasyvoulos Stanitsas

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Thrasyvoulos Stanitsas (Greek : Θρασύβουλος Στανίτσας, 1910–1987) was a protopsaltes (leading cantor) in the Great Church of Constantinople from 1960 until 1964. In this position, he succeeded Konstantinos Pringos.

Greek language language spoken in Greece, Cyprus and Southern Albania

Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.

Konstantinos Pringos was a protopsaltes in the Great Church of Constantinople from 1939 until 1959. In this position, he succeeded Iakovos Nafpliotis, while Pringos himself was in turn succeeded by Thrasyvoulos Stanitsas.

Contents

Musical career

Stanitsas became a lampadarius for Pringos in 1939. At that time he also received tutoring from Anastasios Michaelides, who served as a First Domestikos for Iakovos Nafpliotis. [1] In 1960 he succeeded Pringos as " Archon Protopsaltes" for the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

A lampadarius, plural Lampadarii, from the Latin "lampada", from Ancient Greek "lampas" λαμπάς (candle), was a slave who carried torches before consuls, emperors and other officials of high dignity both during the later Roman Republic and under the Empire. Lampadarios in the post-Byzantine period designates the leader of the second (left) choir of singers in the Eastern Orthodox church practice.

Domestikos, in English sometimes [the] Domestic, was a civil, ecclesiastic and military office in the late Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire.

Iakovos Nafpliotis Greek singer

Iakovos Nafpliotis, was the Archon Protopsaltis of the Holy and Great Church of Christ in Constantinople. Iakovos Nafpliotis is one of the first psaltes to have ever been recorded; many people also regard him as being one of the greatest.

In 1964, Stanitsas was expelled from Turkey by the Turkish authorities, along with many other Greeks living in Constantinople. He lived and chanted on the island of Chios for a year, moved to Beirut, and finally chanted in Athens in the church of St Demetrios from 1966 until his retirement in 1981. [1]

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Ankara is its capital but Istanbul is the country's largest city. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

The Greeks or Hellenes are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.

Chios Place in Greece

Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) off the Anatolian coast. The island is separated from Turkey by the Chios Strait. Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is the Mastic Island. Tourist attractions include its medieval villages and the 11th-century monastery of Nea Moni, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Legacy

Although the first recordings of the Patriarchal School of Byzantine chant were made by Iakovos Nafpliotis, and some recordings exist of Konstantinos Pringos, Thrasyvoulos Stanitsas was the first Patriarchal style chanter to be recorded extensively, in some cases with professional studio quality. [2] As a result, chanters in modern practice who prefer orienting to the Patriarchal school of chant base their performances primarily on recordings and interpretations of Stanitsas, sometimes to the extent of attempting to copy his personal style. The "Stanitsas school" may thus be called one of two most recognizable schools of Byzantine chanting, [3] the other being the Simon Karas school.

Simon Karas (1905–1999) was a Greek musicologist, who specialized in Byzantine music tradition.

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References

  1. 1 2 Biography of Stanitsas at the page of Ecumenical Patriarchate, text by Protopresbyter Seraphim Farasoglou.
  2. Article about Stanitsas at Analogion.com
  3. Stanitsas School at analogion.com