Thraupis

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Thraupis
Thraupis episcopus cropped.jpg
Blue-grey tanager
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Thraupis
F. Boie, 1826
Type species
Tanagra onarta
Sparrman, 1789
Species

See text

Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina. Some are familiar species with large ranges.

Contents

These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight. The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The blue-gray and palm tanagers will nest in buildings. Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.

Taxonomy and species list

The genus was introduced by the German naturalist Friedrich Boie in 1826 with the golden-chevroned tanager as the type species. [1] [2] The name of the genus is the Ancient Greek word for an unidentified small bird mentioned by Aristotle. [3]

The genus formerly included the blue-and-yellow tanager and the blue-capped tanager. These were moved to other genera based of the results of molecular phylogenetic studies. [4] [5] [6]

The genus contains seven species. [7]

ImageScientific nameCommon NameDistribution
Thraupis-episcopus-001.jpg Thraupis episcopus Blue-grey tanager Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin
Sayaca tanager.JPG Thraupis sayaca Sayaca tanager Brazil and Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina
Thraupis glaucocolpa.jpg Thraupis glaucocolpa Glaucous tanager Colombia and Venezuela
Thraupis cyanoptera -Morretes, Parana, Brazil-8.jpg Thraupis cyanoptera Azure-shouldered tanager Brazil
Tangara Ala Amarilla, Huauchinango Puebla, Mexico (9244926638).jpg Thraupis abbas Yellow-winged tanager Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts from the states of Veracruz and the extreme south of San Luis Potosí in Mexico through the Yucatán Peninsula to Nicaragua, and on the Pacific coast from the Mexican state of Chiapas to Honduras
Thraupis ornata -Reserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brasil-8.jpg Thraupis ornata Golden-chevroned tanager Brazil
Palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum melanoptera).jpg Thraupis palmarum Palm tanager Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil

Related Research Articles

Tanager Family of birds

The tanagers comprise the bird family Thraupidae, in the order Passeriformes. The family has a Neotropical distribution. The Thraupidae are the second-largest family of birds and represent about 4% of all avian species and 12% of the Neotropical birds.

Honeycreeper Genus of birds

The typical honeycreepers form a genus Cyanerpes of small birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in the tropical New World from Mexico south to Brazil. They occur in the forest canopy, and, as the name implies, they are specialist nectar feeders with long curved bills.

<i>Tangara</i> (genus) Genus of birds

Tangara is a large genus of birds of the tanager family. It includes 27 species. All are from the Neotropics, and while most are fairly widespread, some have small distributions and are threatened. They are fairly small, ranging in size from 11.5–15 centimetres (4.5–5.9 in). This genus includes some of the most spectacularly colored birds of the world.

<i>Tachyphonus</i> Genus of birds

Tachyphonus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

Chestnut-headed tanager

The chestnut-headed tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae this is found in the Atlantic Forest of southeast Brazil, eastern Paraguay and far northeastern Argentina. It was formerly the only member of the genus Pyrrhocoma but is now placed in Thlypopsis.

Masked mountain tanager

The masked mountain tanager is a vulnerable species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is the only member of the genus Tephrophilus. This large and colourful tanager is endemic to elfin forest, woodland and shrub in the Andean highlands of southern Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru. It is generally rare or uncommon, and is threatened by habitat loss.

<i>Loxigilla</i>

Loxigilla is a genus of passerine birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. The two species are both endemic to the Lesser Antilles.

<i>Porphyrospiza</i> Genus of birds

Porphyrospiza is a genus of seed-eating South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

Blue-and-yellow tanager

The blue-and-yellow tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae.

Blue-capped tanager Species of bird

The blue-capped tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It was formerly placed in the genus Thraupis but is now the only species in the genus Sporathraupis.

<i>Poospizopsis</i> Genus of birds

Poospizopsis is a genus of warbler-like tanagers. They are found in highland forest in South America.

<i>Cnemathraupis</i> Genus of birds

Cnemathraupis is a small genus of mountain tanagers found in forest and woodland in the Andes of South America. The two species are uncommon and relatively large tanagers with a contrasting blue, yellow and black plumage.

<i>Poecilostreptus</i> Genus of birds

Poecilostreptus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Asemospiza</i> Genus of birds

Asemospiza is a genus of South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Pseudospingus</i> Genus of birds

Pseudospingus is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forests in South America.

<i>Kleinothraupis</i> Genus of birds

Kleinothraupis is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.

<i>Microspingus</i> Genus of birds

Microspingus is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.

<i>Geospizopsis</i> Genus of birds

Geospizopsis is a genus of seed-eating birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are commonly known as sierra finches.

<i>Ixothraupis</i> Genus of birds

Ixothraupis is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Stilpnia</i> Genus of birds

Stilpnia is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

References

  1. Boie, Friedrich (1826). "Generalübersicht". Isis von Oken (in German). Col 974.
  2. Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 318.
  3. Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  4. Sedano, Raul E.; Burns, Kevin J. (2010). "Are the Northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini)". Journal of Biogeography. 37 (2): 325–343. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02200.x.
  5. Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006.
  6. Burns, K.J.; Unitt, P.; Mason, N.A. (2016). "A genus-level classification of the family Thraupidae (Class Aves: Order Passeriformes)". Zootaxa. 4088 (3): 329–354. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4088.3.2.
  7. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Tanagers and allies". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 April 2018.