|Genus:|| Thraupis |
F. Boie, 1826
| Tanagra onarta |
Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina. Some are familiar species with large ranges.
These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight. The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The blue-gray and palm tanagers will nest in buildings. Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.
The genus was introduced by the German naturalist Friedrich Boie in 1826 with the golden-chevroned tanager as the type species.The name of the genus is the Ancient Greek word for an unidentified small bird mentioned by Aristotle.
The genus formerly included the blue-and-yellow tanager and the blue-capped tanager. These were moved to other genera based of the results of molecular phylogenetic studies.
The genus contains seven species.
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Thraupis episcopus||Blue-grey tanager||Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin|
|Thraupis sayaca||Sayaca tanager||Brazil and Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina|
|Thraupis glaucocolpa||Glaucous tanager||Colombia and Venezuela|
|Thraupis cyanoptera||Azure-shouldered tanager||Brazil|
|Thraupis abbas||Yellow-winged tanager||Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts from the states of Veracruz and the extreme south of San Luis Potosí in Mexico through the Yucatán Peninsula to Nicaragua, and on the Pacific coast from the Mexican state of Chiapas to Honduras|
|Thraupis ornata||Golden-chevroned tanager||Brazil|
|Thraupis palmarum||Palm tanager||Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil|
The tanagers comprise the bird family Thraupidae, in the order Passeriformes. The family has a Neotropical distribution. The Thraupidae are the second-largest family of birds and represent about 4% of all avian species and 12% of the Neotropical birds.
The typical honeycreepers form a genus Cyanerpes of small birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in the tropical New World from Mexico south to Brazil. They occur in the forest canopy, and, as the name implies, they are specialist nectar feeders with long curved bills.
Tangara is a large genus of birds of the tanager family. It includes 27 species. All are from the Neotropics, and while most are fairly widespread, some have small distributions and are threatened. They are fairly small, ranging in size from 11.5–15 centimetres (4.5–5.9 in). This genus includes some of the most spectacularly colored birds of the world.
Tachyphonus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
The chestnut-headed tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae this is found in the Atlantic Forest of southeast Brazil, eastern Paraguay and far northeastern Argentina. It was formerly the only member of the genus Pyrrhocoma but is now placed in Thlypopsis.
The masked mountain tanager is a vulnerable species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is the only member of the genus Tephrophilus. This large and colourful tanager is endemic to elfin forest, woodland and shrub in the Andean highlands of southern Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru. It is generally rare or uncommon, and is threatened by habitat loss.
Loxigilla is a genus of passerine birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. The two species are both endemic to the Lesser Antilles.
Porphyrospiza is a genus of seed-eating South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
The blue-and-yellow tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae.
The blue-capped tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It was formerly placed in the genus Thraupis but is now the only species in the genus Sporathraupis.
Poospizopsis is a genus of warbler-like tanagers. They are found in highland forest in South America.
Cnemathraupis is a small genus of mountain tanagers found in forest and woodland in the Andes of South America. The two species are uncommon and relatively large tanagers with a contrasting blue, yellow and black plumage.
Poecilostreptus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Asemospiza is a genus of South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Pseudospingus is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forests in South America.
Kleinothraupis is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.
Microspingus is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.
Geospizopsis is a genus of seed-eating birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are commonly known as sierra finches.
Ixothraupis is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Stilpnia is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
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