|Genus:|| Thraupis |
F. Boie, 1826
| Tanagra onarta |
Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina and Brazil. Some are familiar species with large ranges. In Brazil it's called Pipira-azul(pronn: peepeeră, æzoól) when it has a tone blue color, when it has green tone color is called "Pipira-verde" or "Pipira-Vierde" on mexico.
These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight. The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The blue-gray and palm tanagers will nest in buildings. Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.
The genus was introduced by the German naturalist Friedrich Boie in 1826 with the golden-chevroned tanager as the type species.The name of the genus is the Ancient Greek word for an unidentified small bird mentioned by Aristotle.
The genus formerly included the blue-and-yellow tanager and the blue-capped tanager. These were moved to other genera based of the results of molecular phylogenetic studies.
The genus contains seven species.
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Thraupis episcopus||Blue-grey tanager||Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin|
|Thraupis sayaca||Sayaca tanager||Brazil and Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina|
|Thraupis glaucocolpa||Glaucous tanager||Colombia and Venezuela|
|Thraupis cyanoptera||Azure-shouldered tanager||Brazil|
|Thraupis abbas||Yellow-winged tanager||Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts from the states of Veracruz and the extreme south of San Luis Potosí in Mexico through the Yucatán Peninsula to Nicaragua, and on the Pacific coast from the Mexican state of Chiapas to Honduras|
|Thraupis ornata||Golden-chevroned tanager||Brazil|
|Thraupis palmarum||Palm tanager||Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil|
The tanagers comprise the bird family Thraupidae, in the order Passeriformes. The family has a Neotropical distribution and is the second-largest family of birds. It represents about 4% of all avian species and 12% of the Neotropical birds.
The typical honeycreepers form a genus Cyanerpes of small birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in the tropical New World from Mexico south to Brazil. They occur in the forest canopy, and, as the name implies, they are specialist nectar feeders with long curved bills.
Tangara is a large genus of birds of the tanager family. It includes 27 species. All are from the Neotropics, and while most are fairly widespread, some have small distributions and are threatened. They are fairly small, ranging in size from 11.5–15 centimetres (4.5–5.9 in). This genus includes some of the most spectacularly colored birds of the world.
Tachyphonus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Phrygilus is a genus of mainly Andean seed-eating tanagers commonly known as sierra finches. Phrygilos means finch in Ancient Greek. Traditionally classified in the bunting and American sparrow family Emberizidae, more recent studies have shown them to belong in the Thraupidae.
Poospiza is a genus of finch-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are found in both the South American lowlands and the Andes mountains. Generally they are arboreal feeders in light woodland and scrub. All have extensive grey to their plumage, and have—often bold—white or rufous markings.
The rufous-bellied mountain tanager or rufous-bellied saltator is a species of songbird in the tanager familily Thraupidae and is the only member of the genus Pseudosaltator. It is found in the eastern Andes of southern Bolivia and extreme northern Argentina. It occurs mostly at altitudes from 3000 m to 4000 m. Its habitat is open land, including cultivated land, that has patches of scrub, alder trees, or Polylepis trees. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The masked mountain tanager is a vulnerable species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It is the only member of the genus Tephrophilus. This large and colourful tanager is endemic to elfin forest, woodland and shrub in the Andean highlands of southern Colombia, Ecuador and northern Peru. It is generally rare or uncommon, and is threatened by habitat loss.
Loxigilla is a genus of passerine birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. The two species are both endemic to the Lesser Antilles.
Porphyrospiza is a genus of seed-eating South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
The blue-and-yellow tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae.
The blue-capped tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae. It was formerly placed in the genus Thraupis but is now the only species in the genus Sporathraupis.
Poecilostreptus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Asemospiza is a genus of South American birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Kleinothraupis is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.
Sphenopsis is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest of South America.
Microspingus is a genus of warbler-like birds in the tanager family Thraupidae. They are found in highland forest in South America.
Geospizopsis is a genus of seed-eating birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are commonly known as sierra finches.
Ixothraupis is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.
Stilpnia is a genus of Neotropical birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.