Thraupis

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Thraupis
Thraupis episcopus cropped.jpg
Blue-grey tanager
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Genus: Thraupis
F. Boie, 1826
Type species
Tanagra onarta
Sparrman, 1789
Species

See text

Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina. Some are familiar species with large ranges.

Contents

These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight. The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The blue-gray and palm tanagers will nest in buildings. Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.

Taxonomy and species list

The genus was introduced by the German naturalist Friedrich Boie in 1826 with the golden-chevroned tanager as the type species. [1] [2] The name of the genus is the Ancient Greek word for an unidentified small bird mentioned by Aristotle. [3]

The genus formerly included the blue-and-yellow tanager and the blue-capped tanager. These were moved to other genera based of the results of molecular phylogenetic studies. [4] [5] [6]

The genus contains seven species. [7]

ImageScientific nameCommon NameDistribution
Thraupis-episcopus-001.jpg Thraupis episcopus Blue-grey tanager Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin
Sayaca tanager.JPG Thraupis sayaca Sayaca tanager Brazil and Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina
Thraupis glaucocolpa.jpg Thraupis glaucocolpa Glaucous tanager Colombia and Venezuela
Thraupis cyanoptera -Morretes, Parana, Brazil-8.jpg Thraupis cyanoptera Azure-shouldered tanager Brazil
Tangara Ala Amarilla, Huauchinango Puebla, Mexico (9244926638).jpg Thraupis abbas Yellow-winged tanager Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts from the states of Veracruz and the extreme south of San Luis Potosí in Mexico through the Yucatán Peninsula to Nicaragua, and on the Pacific coast from the Mexican state of Chiapas to Honduras
Thraupis ornata -Reserva Guainumbi, Sao Luis do Paraitinga, Sao Paulo, Brasil-8.jpg Thraupis ornata Golden-chevroned tanager Brazil
Palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum melanoptera).jpg Thraupis palmarum Palm tanager Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil

Related Research Articles

Rock thrush

The rock thrushes, Monticola, are a genus of chats, medium-sized mostly insectivorous or omnivorous songbirds. All are Old World birds, and most are associated with mountainous regions.

Tanager

The tanagers comprise the bird family Thraupidae, in the order Passeriformes. The family has an American distribution. The Thraupidae are the second-largest family of birds and represent about 4% of all avian species and 12% of the Neotropical birds.

Blue-gray tanager

The blue-gray tanager is a medium-sized South American songbird of the tanager family, Thraupidae. Its range is from Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin, except the very south. It has been introduced to Lima (Peru). On Trinidad and Tobago, this bird is called blue jean.

Giant conebill

The giant conebill is a small passerine bird, one of the tanager family. It is closely related to the regular conebills Conirostrum though it differs in its larger size and nuthatch-like foraging habits.

<i>Tangara</i> (genus)

Tangara is a large genus of birds of the tanager family. It includes 27 species. All are from the Neotropics, and while most are fairly widespread, some have small distributions and are threatened. They are fairly small, ranging in size from 11.5–15 centimetres (4.5–5.9 in). This genus includes some of the most spectacularly colored birds of the world.

<i>Conirostrum</i>

Typical conebills belong to the tanager genus Conirostrum. They are small tanagers (9–14 cm) found in the forests of South America. They feed in pairs or small flocks by gleaning insects from foliage.

<i>Thlypopsis</i>

Thlypopsis is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

Chestnut-headed tanager

The chestnut-headed tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae this is found in the Atlantic Forest of southeast Brazil, eastern Paraguay and far northeastern Argentina. It was formerly the only member of the genus Pyrrhocoma but is now placed in Thlypopsis.

Plushcap

The plushcap is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae and it is the only member of the genus Catamblyrhynchus.

The yellow-green tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is also known as the yellow-green bush tanager as it was formerly place in the genus Chlorospingus with other bush tanagers. The whole genus was moved to the New World sparrow family Passerellidae when bush tanagers were found to be more closely related to the genus Arremonops. However, recent molecular analysis has discovered that this species is neither a bush tanager or sparrow and the species returned to Thraupidae and placed in the genus Bangsia. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is threatened by habitat loss

<i>Melanospiza</i>

Melanospiza is a genus of songbirds in the tanager family (Thraupidae).

Bay-chested warbling finch

The bay-chested warbling finch is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is endemic to southeastern Brazil.

Blue finch

The blue finch or yellow-billed blue finch is a species of small bird. Although it was long classified in the bunting family Emberizidae, or the cardinal family Cardinalidae, more recent molecular studies have shown it fits comfortably in the Thraupini tribe within the family Thraupidae.

Burnished-buff tanager

The burnished-buff tanager, also known as the rufous-crowned tanager, is a common South American species of bird in the family Thraupidae.

Black-capped tanager South american bird species

The black-capped tanager is one of the many species of Neotropical bird in the family Thraupidae. It lives in mountains of Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela year-round. This bird can often be found in open landscapes, alone or in pairs, hiding under branches of trees and bushes. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.

Blue-and-yellow tanager

The blue-and-yellow tanager is a species of bird in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Poecilostreptus</i>

Poecilostreptus is a genus of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Asemospiza</i> genus of birds

Asemospiza is a genus of songbirds in the tanager family (Thraupidae).

<i>Ixothraupis</i>

Ixothraupis is a genus of seed-eating birds in the tanager family Thraupidae.

<i>Stilpnia</i>

Stilpnia is a genus of seed-eating tanagers in the family Thraupidae.

References

  1. Boie, Friedrich (1826). "Generalübersicht". Isis von Oken (in German). Col 974.
  2. Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 318.
  3. Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  4. Sedano, Raul E.; Burns, Kevin J. (2010). "Are the Northern Andes a species pump for Neotropical birds? Phylogenetics and biogeography of a clade of Neotropical tanagers (Aves: Thraupini)". Journal of Biogeography. 37 (2): 325–343. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02200.x.
  5. Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006.
  6. Burns, K.J.; Unitt, P.; Mason, N.A. (2016). "A genus-level classification of the family Thraupidae (Class Aves: Order Passeriformes)". Zootaxa. 4088 (3): 329–354. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4088.3.2.
  7. Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Tanagers and allies". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 April 2018.