Threatened species known to occur in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area

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Threatened species known to occur in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area [1] and listed under the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn Convention), CITES (CITES) Agreement, China–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (CAMBA), Japan–Australia Migratory Bird Agreement and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List (IUCN Red List) status for the species.

Contents

Key

Latin nameThe scientific name of the species
Common namesCommon names of the species
ImageAn image of the species
Bonn Convention Appendix I: Endangered migratory speciesMigratory species that have been categorized as being in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant proportion of their range are listed on Appendix I of the Convention.
Bonn Convention Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsMigratory species that have an unfavourable conservation status or would benefit significantly from international co-operation organised by tailored agreements are listed in Appendix II to the Convention.
CITES species Appendix I: species that are the most endangered among CITES-listed animals and plantsMost endangered among CITES-listed animals and plants. They are threatened with extinction and CITES prohibits international trade in specimens of these species except when the purpose of the import is not commercial, for instance for scientific research.
CITES species Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlledInternational trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate.
CAMBA: The China–Australia Migratory Bird AgreementA treaty between Australia and China to minimise harm to the major areas used by migratory birds which migrate between the two countries.
JAMBA: The Japan Australia Migratory Bird AgreementA treaty between Australia and Japan to minimise harm to the major areas used by birds which migrate between the two countries.
IUCN statusThe IUCN Red List status of the species.

Reptiles

Threatened reptile species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Natator depressus Flatback sea turtle
Flatback hatchling.jpg
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Chelonia mydas Green sea turtle
Green turtle swimming over coral reefs in Kona.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill sea turtle
Hawksbill turtle off the coast of Saba.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback sea turtle lute turtle
LeatherbackTurtle.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtle
Loggerhead sea turtle.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive ridley sea turtle
Lepidochelys olivacea.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Crocodylus porosus Saltwater crocodile Saltie Estuarine Indo-Pacific crocodile
SaltwaterCrocodile('Maximo').jpg
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Crocodylus johnsoni or Crocodylus johnstoni Freshwater crocodile Australian freshwater crocodile Johnston's crocodile Freshie
Crocodylus johnstoni.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled

Seabirds

Threatened seabird species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Thalassarche chrysostoma Grey-headed albatross Grey-headed Mollymawk
Thalassarche chrysostoma - SE Tasmania.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Sternula albifrons or Sterna albifrons Little tern
Sternula albifrons 2 - Little Swanport.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Phoebetria fusca Sooty albatross Dark-mantled sooty albatross Dark-mantled albatross
Sooty Albatross CW.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Macronectes giganteus Southern giant petrel Antarctic giant petrel giant fulmar Stinker Stinkpot
Giant petrel with chicks.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Diomedea exulans Wandering albatross snowy albatross white-winged albatross
Diomedea exulans - SE Tasmania.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Pterodroma arminjoniana Trindade petrel
Pterodroma arminjoniana 1.jpeg
Status iucn3.1 VU.svg
Vulnerable(VU)
Considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild
Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed tropicbird
Red-tailed Tropicbird3.jpg
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
Least Concern (LC or LR/lc)
Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.

Marine mammals

Threatened marine mammal species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Arctocephalus tropicalis Subantarctic fur seal
Arctocephalus tropicalis CrozetIslands male.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Dugong dugon Dugong
Dugong Marsa Alam.jpg
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Balaenoptera musculus Blue whale
Bluewhale877.jpg
Appendix I: Endangered migratory speciesAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Tursiops truncatus Common bottlenose dolphin
Tursiops truncatus 01-cropped.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Balaenoptera edeni Bryde's whale
Balaenoptera brydei.jpg
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier's beaked whale
Wal Cuviera.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Kogia sima formerly Kogia simus Dwarf sperm whale
Kogia sima.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Pseudorca crassidens False killer whale
False killer whale 890002.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Balaenoptera physalus Fin whale
LMazzuca Fin Whale.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser's dolphin Sarawak dolphin
Frazer's dolphin group.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Megaptera novaeangliae Humpback whale
Humpback Whale underwater shot.jpg
Appendix I: Endangered migratory speciesAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Sousa chinensis Chinese white dolphin Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin 中華白海豚 Zhōnghuá bái hǎitún
Pink Dolphin.JPG
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix I: species that are the most endangered
Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin
Orcaella brevirostris 1878.jpg
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Orcinus orca Killer whale
Killerwhales jumping.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Globicephala melas Long-finned pilot whale
Pilot whale spyhop.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Indopacetus pacificus Tropical bottlenose whale Indo-Pacific beaked whale Longman's beaked whale
Indopacetus pacificus size.svg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Peponocephala electra Melon-headed whale Many-toothed blackfish Electra dolphin
Melon-headed whale large.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Common minke whale
Balaenoptera-acutorostrata.jpg
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Stenella attenuata Pantropical spotted dolphin
Schlankdelfin.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Feresa attenuata Pygmy killer whale
Feresa attenuata by OpenCage.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Kogia breviceps Pygmy sperm whale
Kogia breviceps.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Grampus griseus Risso's dolphin
Grampus griseus Reconstitution.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Balaenoptera borealis Sei whale
Balaenoptera borealis 3.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Delphinus delphis Short-beaked common dolphin
Delphinus delphis with calf.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Globicephala macrorhynchus Short-finned pilot whale
PilotWhale.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Physeter macrocephalus Sperm whale
Mother and baby sperm whale.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Appendix I: species that are the most endangered
Stenella longirostris Spinner dolphin
A spinner dolphin in the Red Sea.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Stenella coeruleoalba Striped dolphin
Stenella coeruleoalba-cropped.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Mesoplodon densirostris Blainville's beaked whale
Beaked Whale.jpg
Steno bredanensis Rough-toothed dolphin
Rough toothed dolphin.jpg
Mesoplodon layardii Strap-toothed whale
Straptoothed whale size.svg

Sharks, skates and rays

Threatened shark, skate and ray species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Rhincodon typus Whale shark
Whale shark Georgia aquarium.jpg
Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through AgreementsAppendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Carcharodon carcharias Great white shark Great white White pointer
White shark.jpg
  • Appendix I: Endangered migratory species
  • Appendix II: Migratory species conserved through Agreements
Orectolobus ornatus Ornate wobbegong
Orectolobus ornatus (juvenile).jpg
Dalatias licha Kitefin shark
Dalatias licha csiro-nfc.jpg
Hypogaleus hyugaensis Blacktip tope
Taeniura lymma Bluespotted ribbontail ray
Taeniura lymma2a.jpg
Carcharhinus leucas Bull shark
Bullshark Beqa Fiji 2007.jpg
Carcharhinus limbatus Blacktip shark
Carcharhinus limbatus - Caraibische zwartpunthaai.jpg
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai Crocodile shark
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai.jpg
Dasyatis fluviorum Estuary stingray
Dasyatis fluviorum csiro-nfc.jpg

Fish

Threatened fish species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Cheilinus undulatus Humphead wrasse
Humphead wrasse melb aquarium.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled

Seahorses

Threatened seahorse species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Hippocampus spp. Seahorse subspecies Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled

Marine invertebrates

Threatened marine invertebrate species
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Hippopus hippopus Bear paw clam
Hippopus hippopus.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tridacna crocea Boring clam Crocus clam Saffron-coloured clam
Tridacna crocea 02 by Line1.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tridacna derasa Southern giant clam
Tridacna derasa 1.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tridacna gigas Giant clam
Giant clam black&white komodo.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tridacna maxima Maxima clam Small giant clam
2 Tridacna gigas.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tridacna squamosa Fluted giant clam Small giant clam
Tridacna squamosa (Giant clam) brown and blue.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Scleractinia Stony corals Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled

Island fauna

Threatened island fauna species under the Bonn Convention and CITES classifications
Latin nameCommon namesImageBonn Convention classificationCITES species classificationIUCN status
Ardeotis australis Australian bustard
Australian Bustard.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Falco longipennis Australian hobby
Aus hobby samcem aug08.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Falco cenchroides Australian kestrel
Nankeen kestrel midflight.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tyto novaehollandiae Australian masked owl
Masked owl landing.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tyto alba Barn owl
Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1).jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Elanus axillaris Black-shouldered kite
Elanus axillaris -Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia-8.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Haliastur indus Brahminy kite
Brahminy kite young.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Grus rubicunda Brolga
Brolga-1-Healesville,-Vic,-3.1.2008 edit.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Ardeotis australis Brown falcon
Falco berigora -Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia-8.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Accipiter fasciatus Brown goshawk
Brown Goshawk kur.JPG
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Danaus plexippus Monarch butterfly
Monarch In May.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Falco hypoleucos Grey falcon
Grey Falcon (1) - Christopher Watson.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Accipiter novaehollandiae Grey goshawk
Grey Goshawk Dayboro Apr02.JPG
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Aquila gurneyi Gurney's eagle
AquilaGurneyiWolf.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Ptiloris magnificus Magnificent riflebird
Cayley p22 Magnificent Riflebirds.png
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
2010-kabini-osprey.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Aviceda subcristata Pacific baza
Pacific Baza kobble08ed.JPG
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Falco peregrinus Peregrine falcon
Peregrine Falcon Kobble Apr07.JPG
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Trichoglossus haematodus Rainbow lorikeet
Trichoglossus haematodus -Jurong Bird Park, Singapore -Dec2009.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Tyto capensis African grass owl
Grass Owl adult.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Calyptorhynchus banksii Red-tailed black cockatoo
Calyptorhynchus banksii (pair)-8-2cp.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Ninox rufa Rufous owl
Ninox rufa - Rufous owl 2281.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Ninox novaeseelandiae Southern boobook
Nz boobook.JPG
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Cacatua galerita Sulphur-crested cockatoo
Cacatua galerita Tas 2.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Circus approximans Swamp harrier
Circus approximans - Peter Murrel.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Manucodia keraudrenii Trumpet manucode
Manucodia keraudrenii bis by Bowdler Sharpe.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Ptiloris victoriae Victoria's riflebird Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Aquila audax Wedge-tailed eagle
Aquila audax - Captain's Flat.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Haliastur sphenurus Whistling kite
Whistling kite in flight edit 1.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Butastur teesa White-eyed buzzard
White-eyed Buzzard (Butastur teesa) in Kawal WS, AP W IMG 2222.jpg
Appendix II: may become endangered unless trade is closely controlled
Threatened island fauna species under the JAMBA and CAMBA classifications
Latin nameCommon namesImageJAMBA classificationCAMBA classificationIUCN status
Sterna hirundo Common tern
Common tern with fish.jpg
Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed godwit
Bar-tailed Godwit.jpg
Chlidonias niger Black tern
Chlidonias niger.jpg
Sterna sumatrana Black-naped tern
Black-naped Tern LEI.JPG
Limosa limosa Black-tailed godwit
Black-tailed Godwit cropped.jpg
Onychoprion anaethetus
formerly
Sterna anaethetus
Bridled tern
Bridled Tern LEI Nov06.JPG
Sula leucogaster Brown booby
Brown booby.jpg
Charadrius asiaticus Caspian plover
Charadrius asiaticus.jpg
Hydroprogne caspia, formerly Sterna caspia Caspian tern
Sterna-caspia-010.jpg
Ardea ibis Cattle egret
Red-flush Cattle Egret.jpg
Anous stolidus Brown noddy
Common noddy
Anous stolidus by Gregg Yan 01.jpg
Actitis hypoleucos Common sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos - Laem Pak Bia.jpg
Thalasseus bergii Greater crested tern
Crested tern
Swift tern
Crested Tern Tasmania.jpg
Calidris ferruginea Curlew sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea, winter adult, Pak Thale.jpg
Numenius madagascariensis Far Eastern curlew
Far Eastern Curlew cairns RWD2.jpg
Egretta sacra Pacific reef heron
Eastern reef heron
Eastern reef egret
Eastern Reef Egret - dark morph.jpg
Puffinus carneipes Flesh-footed shearwater
Puffinus carneipes -New Zealand -flying-8b.jpg
Plegadis falcinellus Glossy ibis
Plegadis falcinellus (aka) background blurred.jpg
Ardea alba Great egret
Common egret
Large egret
Great white heron
Great Egret Fish.jpg
Calidris tenuirostris Great knot
Calidris tenuirostris - Laem Phak Bia.jpg
Fregata minor Great frigatebird
Male greater frigate bird displaying.jpg
Charadrius leschenaultii Greater sand plover
Greater Sand Plover.jpg
Tringa nebularia Common greenshank
Tringa nebularia - Laem Phak Bia.jpg
Pluvialis squatarola Grey plover
Black-bellied plover
Pluvialis squatarola (summer plumage).jpg
Heteroscelus brevipes
formerly
Heteroscelus brevipes
Grey-tailed tattler
Polynesian tattler
Tringa brevipes.jpg
Sterna bengalensis Lesser crested tern
Lesser-crested Tern bribie oct02.jpg
Pluvialis fulva Pacific golden plover
Pluvialis fulva -Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, Alaska, USA-8.jpg
Charadrius mongolus Lesser sand plover
Charadrius mongolus - Laem Phak Bia.jpg
Numenius minutus Little curlew
Numenius minutus 1.jpg
Sterna albifrons Little tern
Sternula albifrons 2 - Little Swanport.jpg
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis 2 - Laem Pak Bia.jpg
Sula dactylatra Masked booby
Masked booby with chick.JPG
Cuculus saturatus Himalayan cuckoo
Cuculus saturatus Yongkola Bhutan 2.jpg
Gallinago stenura Pin-tailed snipe
Gallinago stenura - Laem Pak Bia.jpg
Calidris canutus Red knot
Calidris canutus (summer).jpg
Sula sula Red-footed booby
Sula sula by Gregg Yan 01.jpg
Calidris ruficollis Red-necked stint
Calidris ruficollis - Marion Bay.jpg
Arenaria interpres Ruddy turnstone
Arenaria interpres (habitus).jpg
Calidris alba Sanderling
Calidris alba - Laem Phak Bia.jpg
Calidris acuminata Sharp-tailed sandpiper
Calidris acuminata P4278959.jpg
Gallinago megala Swinhoe's snipe
Gallinago megala.jpg
Xenus cinereus Terek sandpiper
Xenus cinereus (Alnus).jpg
Heteroscelus brevipes Grey-tailed tattler
Tringa brevipes.jpg
Puffinus pacificus Wedge-tailed shearwater
Wedge tailed shearwater2.jpg
Numenius phaeopus Whimbrel
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus.jpg
Ardea alba Great egret
Common egret
Large egret
Great white heron
Great Egret Fish.jpg
Haliaeetus leucogaster White-bellied sea eagle
Haliaeetus leucogaster -Gippsland, Victoria, Australia-8.jpg
Phaethon lepturus White-tailed tropicbird
White-tailed Tropicbird - Phaeton lepturus.jpg
Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated needletail
White-throated Needletail 09a.jpg
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged tern
Chlidonias leucopterus Mai Po.jpg
Oceanites oceanicus Wilson's storm petrel
Oceanites oceanicus - SE Tasmania.jpg
Tringa glareola Wood sandpiper
Tringa glareola - Laem Phak Bia.jpg

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Point Cook Coastal Park Protected area in Victoria, Australia

The Point Cook Coastal Park covers an area of 863 hectares and includes the Cheetham Wetlands. The park extends from the RAAF Williams Point Cook Base northeast along the coast to the Laverton creek which comprises its northern boundary. The park is approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Melbourne in a southwesterly direction along Port Phillip Bay. The park is adjoined by the Point Cook Marine Sanctuary, which extends around the point to the south and the east. The northwestern boundary to the park is residential housing.

The Coral Sea Marine Park is an Australian marine park located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland. The marine park covers an area of 989,836 km2 (382,178 sq mi) and is assigned IUCN category IV. It is Australia's largest single marine park and is one of the world's largest protected areas.

The Ashmore Reef Marine Park is an Australian marine park that covers the Ashmore Reef, which is located about 630 km (390 mi) north of Broome and 110 km (68 mi) south of the Indonesian island of Rote. The marine park covers an area of 583 km2 (225 sq mi) and is assigned IUCN category Ia. It is one of 13 parks managed under the North-west Marine Parks Network.

References

  1. Stokes, Tony (2003). Fauna and flora of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area a compendium of information and basis for the species conservation program in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (pdf) (2nd ed.). Townsville, Qld.: Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. ISBN   1876945257.