Three-bearded rockling

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Three-bearded rockling
Gaidropsarus vulgaris Gervais.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Gadiformes
Family: Lotidae
Genus: Gaidropsarus
Species:
G. vulgaris
Binomial name
Gaidropsarus vulgaris
(Cloquet, 1824)
Synonyms
  • Mustela vulgarisCloquet, 1824
  • Motella vulgaris(Cloquet, 1824)
  • Onos vulgaris(Cloquet, 1824)
  • Onos maculata Risso, 1827

The three-bearded rockling (Gaidropsarus vulgaris) is found in European waters from the central Norwegian coast and the Faroe Islands, through the North Sea, and around the British Isles to the region around the western Mediterranean. They can grow to a maximum length of 60 cm (2 ft). Their coloration varies from dusky to pale, with large chocolate-brown spots on the head and body, and fin coloration varies with location. They also may have xanthochromism, which is colour condition characterized by overt of yellow-organge-red pigmentaion, because of high levels of xanthophores in the skin. Three barbels, one on the bottom jaw and two on the snout, provide the fish with its common name.

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References

  1. Nielsen, J.; Florin, A.; Fernandes, P.; Cook, R. & Lorance, P. (2014). "Gaidropsarus vulgaris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2014: e.T198590A45131570. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T198590A45131570.en.