Three (1965 film)

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Three
Tri Poster.jpg
Directed by Aleksandar Petrović
Written byAleksandar Petrović (screenplay)
Antonije Isaković (story)
Starring Bata Živojinović
Kole Angelovski
Stole Aranđelović
Dragomir Bojanić
Milan Jelić
Cinematography Tomislav Pinter
Edited by Mirjana Mitić
Release date
  • 1965 (1965)
Running time
80 min
Country Yugoslavia
Languages Serbo-Croatian
German

Three (Serbo-Croatian: Tri, Serbian Cyrillic: Три) is a 1965 Yugoslav film directed by Aleksandar Petrović. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 39th Academy Awards. [1] The script, written by Petrović, is based on the motifs of the short story collection Fern and Fire by Antonije Isaković. The film belongs to the Yugoslav Black Wave movement.

Contents

Plot

In April 1941, the Third Reich invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The protagonist, Miloš, faces death on three separate occasions - at the beginning, during, and at the end of the Second World War. The first story takes place at a train station where, after the outbreak of the April War, mobilized members of the royal army gather and declare a photographer with a speech impediment a German spy and subsequently shoot him. The second story shows Miloš, who joined the partisans, fleeing through a swamp while being pursued by German soldiers. While hiding, Miloš meets a young man who sacrifices himself for him, allowing Miloš to escape. The third story takes place shortly after the liberation of Yugoslavia. Miloš, now an OZNA officer, must decide whether a group of German collaborators, including a girl he likes, will be shot.

Cast

Themes

Three is an anti-war film. It shows the true face of war - its horrors and its absurdity. The real protagonist of this film is death. In this film, it appears in three forms - as punishment, as victim, and as an expression of the senselessness of war. One needs to be against war, but one needs to be against war as a matter of principle, against anybody who wages war, and also against those who create reasons for war.

Aleksandar Petrović, [2]

The theme of the film is death from the perspective of one man, in three forms: as witness of it, as a victim of it, and as an executor.

Reception

A review from the New York Times from 1967 after the film's nomination for Best Foreign Film at the Academy Awards reads:

"War’s utter bestiality and waste, usually illustrated by armies, is brought into sharp focus by a talented few in “Three,” a prize-winning Yugoslav drama that treats its bleak and harrowing subject with a grim but poetic artistry. It had a showing at the New York Film Festival last year, and is now at the Studio Cinema and 72d Street Theaters. The film is mystifyingly abrupt in its transitions, but its effects, physical and intellectual, are unmistakably forceful and chilling. The director, Aleksandar Petrovic, with the aid of a sparse script and stunning photography by Tomislav Pinter, has pointed up war’s ravages as it affects one partisan’s fights in one small sector of the conflict. In each of three events he is part of, needless death brought about by fear, despair and defeat." [3]

Accolades

Awards

Pula Film Festival (1965)

Palenka award at the Acapulco Film Festival [5]

Laceno d'oro award at the Avellino Neorealism Film Festival [5]

Nominations

Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1966 [6]

Crystal Globe for best film at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival in 1966 [4]

Festivals

Poretta Terme International Film Festival (1966) [5]

New York Film Festival (1966) [5]

Legacy

The Yugoslav Film Archive, in accordance with its authorities based on the Law on Cultural Heritage, declared one hundred Serbian feature films (1911-1999) as cultural heritage of great importance on December 28, 2016. Three is also on that list. [7]

Three was the first Yugoslav movie released in the United States (in 1966). Aleksandar Petrović's films Three and I Even Met Happy Gypsies provided the world an introduction to Yugoslav cinema.

See also

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References

  1. "The 39th Academy Awards (1967) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
  2. "Tri". aleksandarpetrovic.org (in Serbian). Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  3. "'Three,' a Yugoslav War Film, Arrives". NYT . 1967. Retrieved 2 June 2020 via New York Times.
  4. 1 2 3 Three (1965) - Awards - IMDb , retrieved 2023-09-17
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Three – Aleksandar Petrović". 2014-01-12. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  6. "1967 | Oscars.org | Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences". www.oscars.org. Retrieved 2023-09-17.
  7. "Сто српских играних филмова (1911-1999) проглашених за културно добро од великог значаја". www.kinoteka.org.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 2023-09-17.