The Three Ancient Springs (日本三古湯, Nihon San Kotō) are a group of ancient onsen in Japan.
According to the Nihon Shoki and Fudoki , both from the eighth century, they are:
The tenth century Engishiki gives a slightly different list:
Kobe is the seventh-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is located on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, on the north shore of Osaka Bay and about 30 km (19 mi) west of Osaka. With a population around 1.5 million, the city is part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kyoto.
Ehime Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Shikoku. Ehime Prefecture has a population of 1,342,011 and has a geographic area of 5,676 km². Ehime Prefecture borders Kagawa Prefecture to the northeast, Tokushima Prefecture to the east, and Kōchi Prefecture to the southeast.
Hyōgo Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Hyōgo Prefecture has a population of 5,469,762 and has a geographic area of 8,400 square kilometres (3,200 sq mi). Hyōgo Prefecture borders Kyoto Prefecture to the east, Osaka Prefecture to the southeast, and Okayama Prefecture and Tottori Prefecture to the west.
In Japan, onsen (温泉) are the country's hot springs and the bathing facilities and traditional inns around them. As a volcanically active country, Japan has thousands of onsens scattered throughout all of its major islands.
Toyooka is a city in the northern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1950. As of 1 April 2015, the city has an estimated population of 81,797 with 29,999 households. The total area of Toyooka city is 697.66 km2.
Dōgo Onsen (道後温泉) is a hot spring in the city of Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku, Japan.
Arima Onsen is an onsen, or hot springs in Kita-ku, Kobe, Japan. This Onsen is still a hidden treasure of modern Kobe, behind Mount Rokkō. It attracts many Japanese who want tranquility with beautiful natural surroundings and yet easy access from the busy cities in the Kansai metropolitan area including Osaka. Arima Onsen was named in "The Pillow Book", a famous Heian Era book, as one of the three famous springs in Japan. It was selected as the most prestigious hot spring during the Edo Era.
Matsunoyama was a town located in Higashikubiki District, Niigata Prefecture, Japan.
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Matsuyama is the capital city of Ehime Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan and also Shikoku's largest city, with a population of 509,835 as of June 1, 2019. It is located on the northeastern portion of the Dōgo Plain. Its name means "pine mountain". The city was founded on December 15, 1889.
Gokuraku-ji or Gokurakuji can refer to a number of things:
Nakayama (中山) may refer to:
The Arima Line is a commuter railway line in Kobe, Japan operated by Kobe Electric Railway. It connects central Kobe with its northern suburbs in Kita-ku and Arima Onsen.
Arima Onsen Station is a railway station on the Shintetsu Arima Line located near Arima Onsen, Kita-ku, Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. It is the end point of the line. It is the highest station of Kobe Electric Railway at an elevation of 357 meters, as well as its easternmost station.
Yuzuki-jō (湯築城) is a former Japanese castle near Dōgo Onsen in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture. The Kōno clan ruled Iyo Province from Yuzuki from the fourteenth century. Fortified in the sixteenth century, the castle was destroyed by the army of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1585 during the Sengoku period. Its ruins, excavated in 1988, now form part of Dōgo Park. A samurai complex has been reconstructed and the area is popular for its hanami. The area has been designated an Historic Site.
Isaniwa Yukiya (1828–1907) was the first Mayor in Dogo Yunomachi (道後湯之町) which is famous for Dogo Onsen. He made today's Dogo Onsen while he was the Mayor. He thought the tourism era would come in the future, so he made a plan to make the city into a resort city.
Okudōgo Tamagawa Prefectural Natural Park is a Prefectural Natural Park in Ehime Prefecture, Japan. Established in 1962, the park spans the borders of the municipalities of Imabari and Matsuyama.