Three Bays Protected Area

Last updated
Three Bays Protected Area
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Three Bays Protected Area.jpg
Three Bays Protected Area boundaries
Haiti location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location Haiti
Nearest city Cap-Haïtien
Coordinates 19°48′N72°00′W / 19.8°N 72.0°W / 19.8; -72.0
Area75,406 ha (291.14 sq mi)
Established2014
Governing bodyco-managed by ANAP and FoProBiM

Three Bays Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées des Trois Baies), also known as Three Bays National Park, is a protected area in northeastern Haiti. It protects coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, and dry forests.

Contents

Geography

The Three Bays Protected Area has a boundary perimeter of approximately 170 km (110 mi) encompassing over 75,000 ha (190,000 acres). It is the second largest declared protected area in Haiti after the Port Salut/Aquin Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées de Port Salut/Aquin).

The east–west boundary of the Three Bays Protected Area extends for over 40 km (25 mi) from Massacre River (bordering the Dominican Republic, where it is known as Dajabón River) to the Grande-Rivière-du-Nord to the west. The north–south boundary extends from the 12 mi (19 km) territorial sea limit inland to the 10-m topographic contour line. The western boundary is near Cap-Haïtien, Haiti's second largest city and capital of the Nord (Haitian department), served by Hugo Chávez International Airport and the Port international du Cap-Haïtien. The eastern boundary includes Fort Liberté, the capital of the Nord-Est (department), which is one of the oldest cities in the country and where Haiti's independence was proclaimed. The protected area is also directly adjacent to the 'Parque Nacional Manglares de Estero Balsa' [1] in the Dominican Republic, near the city of 'San Fernando de Monte Cristi', as well as national parks 'Parque Nacional Submarino de Monte Cristi', [2] Parque Nacional el Morro'. [3] marine refuge 'Cayos Sietes Hermanos' [4] and wildlife refuge 'Laguna Saladilla'. [5]

Ecology

The area contains some of the most extensive and healthiest fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests in the country, which provide critical coastal protection and ecosystem services for its seaside communities. The area is biologically productive but extremely overfished by many regional communities. The adjoining coastal plains are known for their diverse aquatic and brackish water habitats and dry tropical forests. [6]

History

The region is also of historical importance, having witnessed centuries of human history dating from pre-Columbian times and indigenous Taino occupations, to the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the sequence of world-altering events through Spanish and French colonization and the Haitian Revolution. The mountaintop fortress of the Citadelle Laferrière, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located approximately 10 miles (16 km) southwest, provides a bird's eye view of the Three Bays Protected Area.

Conservation

This IUCN Category IV — Habitat/Species Management Area was created by Presidential Decree on March 21 (2014) to protect its unique marine complex of fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, and adjacent deep ocean and coastal plain. [6] It is the first protected area in the country to be co-managed by the Agence Nationale des Aires Protégées (ANAP) of the Ministry of the Environment and the non-governmental/non-profit organization Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM).

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Henri Christophe</span> Haitian revolutionary; founder and ruler of the Kingdom of Haiti (1807–11)

Henri Christophe was a key leader in the Haitian Revolution and the only monarch of the Kingdom of Haiti.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nord (Haitian department)</span> Department of Haiti

Nord (French) or is one of the ten departments of Haiti and located in northern Haiti. It has an area of 2,114.91 km2 (816.57 sq mi) and a population of 1,067,177 (2015). Its capital is Cap-Haïtien.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nord-Est (department)</span> Department of Haiti

Nord-Est or Nodès is one of the ten departments of Haiti, located in northern Haiti. It has an area of 1,623 km2 (627 sq mi), making it the smallest of all the departments. It had an estimated population of 393,967 as of 2015. Its capital is Fort-Liberté. It was a part of the Nord department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary</span> Marine protected area in Florida, US

The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary in the Florida Keys. It includes the Florida Reef, the only barrier coral reef in North America and the third-largest coral barrier reef in the world. It also has extensive mangrove forest and seagrass fields. The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, designated in 1990, is the ninth national marine sanctuary to be established in a system that comprises 13 sanctuaries and two marine national monuments. The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary protects approximately 2,900 square nautical miles of coastal and ocean waters from the estuarine waters of south Florida along the Florida Keys archipelago, encompassing more than 1,700 islands, out to the Dry Tortugas National Park, reaching into the Atlantic Ocean, Florida Bay and the Gulf of Mexico.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Citadelle Laferrière</span> Historic fortress and symbol of Haitian independence

The Citadelle Laferrière, commonly known as La Citadelle, is a large early 19th-century fortress located in Milot in Nord, Haiti. It is situated on the Bonnet à l'Evêque mountaintop located approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) uphill from the town of Milot, 27 kilometres (17 mi) south of the city of Cap-Haïtien, and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southwest of the Three Bays Protected Area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princess Charlotte Bay</span> Bay in Queensland, Australia

Princess Charlotte Bay is a large bay on the east coast of Far North Queensland at the base of Cape York Peninsula, 350 km north northwest of Cairns. Princess Charlotte Bay is a part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and it is a habitat for the dugong.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bahía de Jobos</span> National reserve in Puerto Rico

Bahía de Jobos or Reserva Natural de Investigación Estuarina de Bahía de Jobos is a federally protected estuary in Aguirre, Puerto Rico. The bay is an intertidal tropical ecosystem dominated by seagrass beds, coral reefs, and mangroves. In an area of 1,140 hectares, the reserve contains five distinct habitat types and provides sanctuary to several endangered species. Bahía de Jobos is one of 28 reserves that comprise the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Estuarine Research Reserve System. The reserve is operated in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources (DRNA).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hol Chan Marine Reserve</span> Marine reserve off the coast of Belize

Hol Chan Marine Reserve is a marine reserve close to Ambergris Caye and Caye Caulker, off the coast of Belize. It covers approximately 18 km² (4,448 acres) of coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forest. Hol Chan is Mayan for "little channel".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moreton Bay Marine Park</span> Protected area in Queensland, Australia

The Moreton Bay Marine Park was established in 1993 to protect ecologically significant habitats in Moreton Bay. The marine park extends from Caloundra south to the southern tip of South Stradbroke Island. The marine park's border extends up to the highest tidal mark and covers a total of 3,400 km2.

Ambodivahibe Marine Reserve is a new marine protected area in the municipalities Ramena and Mahavanona in the Diana Region, north-east of Madagascar as an unusually rich zone for marine biodiversity. It covers the Ambodivahibe Bay. A cool upwelling from the deep bay is thought to provide natural resilience to coral bleaching and this may explain the unusually pristine coral habitat.

The Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park is off the coast of the island of Cozumel in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. The Cozumel reef system is part of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, the second largest coral reef system in the world. Even though almost the entire island of Cozumel is surrounded by coral reefs, the park only encompasses the reefs on the south side of the island. It begins just south of the International Pier and continues down and around Punta Sur and up just a small portion of the east side of the island. The park contains both shallow and mesophotic coral reefs and extends to the 100 m depth isobar.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Providence McBean Lagoon National Natural Park</span> National park in Colombia

The Old Providence McBean Lagoon National Natural Park is a national park located on the northeast side of Providencia Island in the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Colombia.

Protected areas of Panama include:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malampaya Sound</span>

Malampaya Sound is a protected inlet of the South China Sea on the northwestern coast of Palawan Island in western Philippines. It is a geographic sound consisting of a complex of sheltered bays, coves, estuaries and islands separated from the sea to the west by the Copoas Peninsula. The sound is within the municipality of Taytay and is an important feature for the ecology and economy of the province of Palawan. It is considered one of the finest natural harbors in the Philippines and one of Palawan's richest fishing grounds.

Malabungot, alternatively spelled as Malabungut, and also known as Mahad, is an island in Binagasbasan Bay off the coast of Garchitorena in Camarines Sur, Philippines. It is separated from Caramoan Peninsula in the south by the Quinalasag Passage, also known as Sisiran Passage, which connects Lamit and Sisiran bays. The island forms the head of Binagasbasan Bay, bordered to the west by the Lamit Islands and to the east by Quinalasag Island, and which opens northward to the Philippine Sea. It is designated as a protected landscape and seascape on account of its biodiversity and ecological significance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bonaire National Marine Park</span> Marine park in Bonaire island

The Bonaire National Marine Park or BNMP is one of the oldest marine reserves in the world. It includes the sea around Bonaire and Klein Bonaire from the high water line to a depth of sixty meters. The park was established in 1979 and covers 2700 hectares and includes a coral reef, seagrass, and mangrove vegetation. The Lac Bay lagoon is also part of the underwater park.

The East African coral coast is a marine ecoregion along the eastern coast of Africa. It extends along the coasts of Kenya, Tanzania, and northern Mozambique, from Lamu in Kenya to Angoche in Mozambique. It adjoins the Northern Monsoon Current Coast ecoregion to the north, and the Bight of Sofala/Swamp Coast ecoregion to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020 Royal Chapel of Milot fire</span>

On April 12, 2020, at 3 AM, a structure fire broke out beneath the roof of the Royal Chapel cathedral in Milot, Haiti. By the time firefighters arrived to stop the fire from spreading, the dome of the cathedral had collapsed and the rest of the building was already badly burnt. The dome collapsed, causing the loss of everything inside the building.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Habitat/Species Management Area of Cahouane</span> Mangrove management area in Haiti

Habitat/Species Protected Area of Cahouane is a mangrove management area located in southwestern Haiti near the village of Cahouane between Les Anglais and Tiburon. It was established in 2013. It is 59.4 square kilometres (22.9 sq mi) in size.

References

  1. "MPAtlas » Manglares de Estero Balsa". www.mpatlas.org.
  2. "MPAtlas » Submarino Monte Cristi". www.mpatlas.org.
  3. "MPAtlas » El Morro". www.mpatlas.org.
  4. "MPAtlas » Cayos Siete Hermanos". www.mpatlas.org.
  5. "ProtectedPlanet » Laguna Saladilla". www.protectedplanet.net.
  6. 1 2 "New marine protected area created in northeastern Haiti » Three Bays Protected Area". www.cepf.net. Archived from the original on 2015-05-13.