|Three Bays Protected Area|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Three Bays Protected Area boundaries
|Area||75,406 ha (291.14 sq mi)|
|Governing body||co-managed by ANAP and FoProBiM|
Three Bays Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées des Trois Baies) is the second largest declared protected area in Haiti after the Port Salut/Aquin Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées de Port Salut/Aquin) and the first protected area in the country to be co-managed between the Agence Nationale des Aires Protégées (ANAP) of the Ministry of the Environment and the non-governmental/non-profit organization Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM).
The Three Bays Protected Area has a boundary perimeter of approximately 170 km (110 mi) encompassing over 75,000 ha (190,000 acres). The area contains some of the most extensive and healthiest fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests in the country, which provide critical coastal protection and ecosystem services for its seaside communities. The area is biologically productive but extremely overfished by many regional communities.
This IUCN Category IV — Habitat/Species Management Area was created by Presidential Decree on March 21 (2014) 10 miles (16 km) southwest, provides a birds-eye view of the Three Bays Protected Area.to protect its unique marine complex of fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, deep offshore waters, and adjoining coastal plains known for their diverse aquatic and brackish water habitats and dry tropical forests. The region is also of historical importance having witnessed centuries of human history dating from pre-Columbian times and indigenous Taino occupations, to the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the sequence of world-altering events through Spanish and French colonization and the Haitian Revolution. The mountaintop fortress of the Citadelle Laferrière, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located approximately
The east–west boundary of the Three Bays Protected Area extends for over 40 km (25 mi) from Massacre River (bordering the Dominican Republic, where it is known as Dajabón River) to the Grande-Rivière-du-Nord to the west. The north–south boundary extends from the 12 mi (19 km) territorial sea limit inland to the 10-m topographic contour line. The western boundary is near Cap-Haïtien, Haiti's second largest city and capital of the Nord (Haitian department), served by Hugo Chávez International Airport and the Port international du Cap-Haïtien. The eastern boundary includes Fort Liberté, the capital of the Nord-Est (department), which is one of the oldest cities in the country and where Haiti's independence was proclaimed. The protected area is also directly adjacent to the 'Parque Nacional Manglares de Estero Balsa' in the Dominican Republic, near the city of 'San Fernando de Monte Cristi', as well as national parks 'Parque Nacional Submarino de Monte Cristi', Parque Nacional el Morro'. marine refuge 'Cayos Sietes Hermanos' and wildlife refuge 'Laguna Saladilla'.
All of the major transportation systems in Haiti are located near or run through the capital, Port-au-Prince.
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Henry Christophe was a key leader in the Haitian Revolution and the only monarch of the Kingdom of Haiti.
Cap-Haïtien, often referred to as Le Cap or Au Cap, is a commune of about 190,000 people on the north coast of Haiti and capital of the department of Nord. Previously named Cap‑Français and Cap‑Henri, it was historically nicknamed the Paris of the Antilles, because of its wealth and sophistication, expressed through its architecture and artistic life. It was an important city during the colonial period, serving as the capital of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue from the city's formal foundation in 1711 until 1770 when the capital was moved to Port-au-Prince. After the Haitian Revolution, it became the capital of the Kingdom of Northern Haiti under King Henry Christophe until 1820.
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The Citadelle Laferrière or, Citadelle Henri Christophe, or simply the Citadelle, is a large early 19th-century fortress situated on the Bonnet à l'Evêque mountaintop in Nord, Haiti. The imposing structure is located approximately 27 kilometres (17 mi) south of the city of Cap-Haïtien, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southwest of the Three Bays Protected Area, and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) uphill from the town of Milot. Commissioned by Haitian revolutionary Henri Christophe, and built by tens of thousands of former slaves, the Citadelle was the linchpin of the newly independent Haiti's defensive strategy against potential French incursion.
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Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM), The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and The National Agency of Protected Areas (ANAP), Haiti. 155 p.