Three Bays Protected Area

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Three Bays Protected Area
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Three Bays Protected Area.jpg
Three Bays Protected Area boundaries
Haiti location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location Haiti
Nearest city Cap-Haïtien
Coordinates 19°48′N72°00′W / 19.8°N 72.0°W / 19.8; -72.0 Coordinates: 19°48′N72°00′W / 19.8°N 72.0°W / 19.8; -72.0
Area75,406 ha (291.14 sq mi)
Established2014
Governing bodyco-managed by ANAP and FoProBiM

Three Bays Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées des Trois Baies), also known as Three Bays National Park, is a protected area in northeastern Haiti. It protects coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, and dry forests.

Contents

Geography

The Three Bays Protected Area has a boundary perimeter of approximately 170 km (110 mi) encompassing over 75,000 ha (190,000 acres). It is the second largest declared protected area in Haiti after the Port Salut/Aquin Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées de Port Salut/Aquin).

The east–west boundary of the Three Bays Protected Area extends for over 40 km (25 mi) from Massacre River (bordering the Dominican Republic, where it is known as Dajabón River) to the Grande-Rivière-du-Nord to the west. The north–south boundary extends from the 12 mi (19 km) territorial sea limit inland to the 10-m topographic contour line. The western boundary is near Cap-Haïtien, Haiti's second largest city and capital of the Nord (Haitian department), served by Hugo Chávez International Airport and the Port international du Cap-Haïtien. The eastern boundary includes Fort Liberté, the capital of the Nord-Est (department), which is one of the oldest cities in the country and where Haiti's independence was proclaimed. The protected area is also directly adjacent to the 'Parque Nacional Manglares de Estero Balsa' [1] in the Dominican Republic, near the city of 'San Fernando de Monte Cristi', as well as national parks 'Parque Nacional Submarino de Monte Cristi', [2] Parque Nacional el Morro'. [3] marine refuge 'Cayos Sietes Hermanos' [4] and wildlife refuge 'Laguna Saladilla'. [5]

Ecology

The area contains some of the most extensive and healthiest fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests in the country, which provide critical coastal protection and ecosystem services for its seaside communities. The area is biologically productive but extremely overfished by many regional communities. The adjoining coastal plains are known for their diverse aquatic and brackish water habitats and dry tropical forests. [6]

History

The region is also of historical importance having witnessed centuries of human history dating from pre-Columbian times and indigenous Taino occupations, to the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the sequence of world-altering events through Spanish and French colonization and the Haitian Revolution. The mountaintop fortress of the Citadelle Laferrière, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located approximately 10 miles (16 km) southwest, provides a birds-eye view of the Three Bays Protected Area.

Conservation

This IUCN Category IV — Habitat/Species Management Area was created by Presidential Decree on March 21 (2014) to protect its unique marine complex of fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, and adjacent deep ocean and coastal plain. [6] It is the first protected area in the country to be co-managed between the Agence Nationale des Aires Protégées (ANAP) of the Ministry of the Environment and the non-governmental/non-profit organization Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM).

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References

  1. "MPAtlas » Manglares de Estero Balsa". www.mpatlas.org.
  2. "MPAtlas » Submarino Monte Cristi". www.mpatlas.org.
  3. "MPAtlas » El Morro". www.mpatlas.org.
  4. "MPAtlas » Cayos Siete Hermanos". www.mpatlas.org.
  5. "ProtectedPlanet » Laguna Saladilla". www.protectedplanet.net.
  6. 1 2 "New marine protected area created in northeastern Haiti » Three Bays Protected Area". www.cepf.net. Archived from the original on 2015-05-13.