|Three Bays Protected Area|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Three Bays Protected Area boundaries
|Area||75,406 ha (291.14 sq mi)|
|Governing body||co-managed by ANAP and FoProBiM|
Three Bays Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées des Trois Baies) is the second largest declared protected area in Haiti after the Port Salut/Aquin Protected Area (Aire Protégée de Ressources Naturelles Gérées de Port Salut/Aquin) and the first protected area in the country to be co-managed between the Agence Nationale des Aires Protégées (ANAP) of the Ministry of the Environment and the non-governmental/non-profit organization Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM).
The Three Bays Protected Area has a boundary perimeter of approximately 170 km (110 mi) encompassing over 75,000 ha (190,000 acres). The area contains some of the most extensive and healthiest fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests in the country, which provide critical coastal protection and ecosystem services for its seaside communities. The area is biologically productive but extremely overfished by many regional communities.
This IUCN Category IV — Habitat/Species Management Area was created by Presidential Decree on March 21 (2014) 10 miles (16 km) southwest, provides a birds-eye view of the Three Bays Protected Area.to protect its unique marine complex of fringing and barrier coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangrove forests, deep offshore waters, and adjoining coastal plains known for their diverse aquatic and brackish water habitats and dry tropical forests. The region is also of historical importance having witnessed centuries of human history dating from pre-Columbian times and indigenous Taino occupations, to the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the sequence of world-altering events through Spanish and French colonization and the Haitian Revolution. The mountaintop fortress of the Citadelle Laferrière, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located approximately
The east–west boundary of the Three Bays Protected Area extends for over 40 km (25 mi) from Massacre River (bordering the Dominican Republic, where it is known as Dajabón River) to the Grande-Rivière-du-Nord to the west. The north–south boundary extends from the 12 mi (19 km) territorial sea limit inland to the 10-m topographic contour line. The western boundary is near Cap-Haïtien, Haiti's second largest city and capital of the Nord (Haitian department), served by Hugo Chávez International Airport and the Port international du Cap-Haïtien. The eastern boundary includes Fort Liberté, the capital of the Nord-Est (department), which is one of the oldest cities in the country and where Haiti's independence was proclaimed. The protected area is also directly adjacent to the 'Parque Nacional Manglares de Estero Balsa' in the Dominican Republic, near the city of 'San Fernando de Monte Cristi', as well as national parks 'Parque Nacional Submarino de Monte Cristi', Parque Nacional el Morro'. marine refuge 'Cayos Sietes Hermanos' and wildlife refuge 'Laguna Saladilla'.
A citadel is the core fortified area of a town or city. It may be a castle, fortress, or fortified center. The term is a diminutive of "city" and thus means "little city", so called because it is a smaller part of the city of which it is the defensive core. Ancient Sparta had a citadel, as did many other Greek cities and towns.
All of the major transportation systems in Haiti are located near or run through the capital, Port-au-Prince.
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Henry Christophe was a key leader in the Haitian Revolution and the only monarch of the Kingdom of Haiti.
Cap-Haïtien, often referred to as Le Cap or Au Cap, is a commune of about 190,000 people on the north coast of Haiti and capital of the department of Nord. Previously named Cap‑Français and Cap‑Henri, it was historically nicknamed the Paris of the Antilles, because of its wealth and sophistication, expressed through its architecture and artistic life. It was an important city during the colonial period, serving as the capital of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue from the city's formal foundation in 1711 until 1770 when the capital was moved to Port-au-Prince. After the Haitian Revolution, it became the capital of the Kingdom of Northern Haiti under King Henri Christophe until 1820.
The Citadelle Laferrière or, Citadelle Henri Christophe, or simply the Citadelle, is a large early 19th-century fortress situated on the Bonnet à l'Evêque mountaintop in Nord, Haiti. The imposing structure is located approximately 27 kilometres (17 mi) south of the city of Cap-Haïtien, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southwest of the Three Bays Protected Area, and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) uphill from the town of Milot. Commissioned by Haitian revolutionary Henri Christophe, and built by tens of thousands of former slaves, the Citadelle was the linchpin of the newly independent Haiti's defensive strategy against potential French incursion.
The Palace of Sans-Souci French: Palais Sans Souci was the principal royal residence of Henry I, located in Haiti, in the town of Milot approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northeast of the Citadelle Laferrière, and 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) southwest of the Three Bays Protected Area.
Bahía Portete – Kaurrele National Natural Park is a national natural park in Uribia, La Guajira, Colombia. The northernmost national park of mainland South America is located at the Caribbean coast of the La Guajira peninsula in Bahía Portete, between Cabo de la Vela and Punta Gallinas. Established on December 20, 2014, it is the most recently designated national park of the country. As of 2017, 59 nationally defined protected areas are incorporated in Colombia. The park hosts a high number of marine and terrestrial species.
Tourism in Haiti is an industry that has generated just under a million arrivals in 2012, and is one of the main sources of revenue for the nation. With its favorable climate, second longest coastline of beaches and most mountainous ranges in the Caribbean, waterfalls, caves, colonial architecture and distinct cultural history, Haiti has had its history as an attractive destination for tourists. However, unstable governments have long contested its history and the country's economic development throughout the 20th century.
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The chiefdoms of Hispaniola were the primary political units employed by the Taíno inhabitants of Hispaniola in the early historical era. At the time of European contact in 1492, the island was divided into five chiefdoms or cacicazgos, each headed by a cacique or paramount chief. Below him were lesser caciques presiding over villages or districts and nitaínos, an elite class in Taíno society.
Jean Wiener is a Haitian marine biologist. He was awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize in 2015 for his efforts in successfully creating the Three Bays National Park, the country's first marine protected area to preserve the swath in Haiti's northern coast, while working with the community to promote sustainable fishing practices.
The Massif du Nord is the longest mountain range of Haiti.
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On April 12, 2020, at 3 AM, a structure fire broke out beneath the roof of the Royal Chapel cathedral in Milot, Haiti. By the time firefighters arrived to stop the fire from spreading, the dome of the cathedral had collapsed and the rest of the building was already badly burnt. The dome collapsed, causing the loss of everything inside the building.
Henwood W.D., Aucoin, S., and Turner M. (2017) The Protected Area of Managed Natural Resources of the Three Bays. Management Plan 2017–2027. Fondation pour la Protection de la Biodiversité Marine (FoProBiM), The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and The National Agency of Protected Areas (ANAP), Haiti. 155 p.