Three Brothers, South Georgia

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Three Brothers
Location map South Georgia.png
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Three Brothers
Highest point
Coordinates 54°16′S36°48′W / 54.267°S 36.800°W / -54.267; -36.800 Coordinates: 54°16′S36°48′W / 54.267°S 36.800°W / -54.267; -36.800
Geography
Location South Georgia
Climbing
First ascent 2001

The Three Brothers ( 54°16′S36°48′W / 54.267°S 36.800°W / -54.267; -36.800 ) is a group of three mountain peaks at the north west end of the Allardyce Range on South Georgia. They aligned in a north-south direction, situated 4 miles (6 km) west of the head of Cumberland West Bay in the central part of South Georgia. The origin of the name which dates back to the 1930s is not certain.

Mountain A large landform that rises fairly steeply above the surrounding land over a limited area

A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

Allardyce Range mountain in South Georgia

The Allardyce Range is a mountain range rising south of Cumberland Bay and dominating the central part of South Georgia, a UK overseas territory. It extends for 50 km (31 mi) from Mount Globus in the northwest to Mount Brooker in the southeast, with peaks of 2,000 to 2,935 m and including Mount Paget the highest peak of the range and also the highest point in the UK territory. Other peaks of the range include Mount Roots.

South Georgia Island Island in the South Atlantic

South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The main settlement is Grytviken. South Georgia is 167.4 kilometres (104 mi) long and 1.4 to 37 km wide. It is about 830 km (520 mi) northeast of Coronation Island and 550 km (340 mi) northwest from Zavodovski Island, the nearest South Sandwich island.

On 25 January 2001, Caradog Jones made the first ascent, solo, of the highest of the Three Brothers peaks [1] This was part of a combined climbing and filming expedition, which resulted in five 30 minute programmes. Recorded in Welsh, and entitled Haf Ganol Gaeaf (Summer Midst Winter), it was broadcast with English subtitles. [2] [3] The series included :

Caradog "Crag" Jones is a Welsh climber. He is the first Welshman to reach the summit of Mount Everest, a feat achieved on 23 May 1995. He was the 724th climber to reach the summit. The final ascent was made with Michael Knakkergaard-Jorgensen, the first Dane to the summit.

Welsh language Brythonic language spoken natively in Wales

Welsh or y Gymraeg is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages. It is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa. Historically, it has also been known in English as "Cambrian", "Cambric" and "Cymric".

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Fortuna Bay is a bay 3 miles (5 km) long and 1 mile (1.6 km) wide. Its entrance is defined by Cape Best on the west and Robertson Point to the east, near Atherton Peak on the north coast of South Georgia. It was named after the Fortuna, one of the ships of the Norwegian–Argentine whaling expedition under C.A. Larsen which participated in establishing the first permanent whaling station at Grytviken, South Georgia, in 1904–05. The Second German Antarctic Expedition (SGAE) under Wilhelm Filchner explored Fortuna Bay in 1911–12. Discovery Investigations (DI) personnel charted the area during their 1929–30 expedition.

Graae Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Graae Glacier is a glacier 2 miles (3 km) long on the north side of Mount Sabatier, flowing west-southwest to Trollhul in the south part of South Georgia. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey (SGS) in the period 1951–57, and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Morgens E.W. Graae of Denmark, who developed sledges for the SGS, 1953–54 and 1955–56.

Harpon Bay is a bay 1 nautical mile (2 km) wide, lying just east of Mercer Bay in the south part of Cumberland West Bay, South Georgia. It was first mapped by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, under Otto Nordenskiöld. It was surveyed by the South Georgia Survey in the period 1951–57, and was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for the cargo vessel Harpon, built in 1897, which had been used by the Compañía Argentina de Pesca, Grytviken, since 1922.

O'Connor Peak is a mountain peak, 675 m, standing west of Long Point on Barff Peninsula, South Georgia. Charted by a Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1927–28, and named Mount Bryde. Recharted by DI in 1929 and named after Midshipman W. P. O'Connor, Royal Navy Reserve, who assisted with the survey.

Hodges Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Hodges Glacier is a small glacier 1 nautical mile (2 km) west of Grytviken, South Georgia, flowing from the south side of Petrel Peak to the foot of Mount Hodges. The name was recommended by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee and derives from association with Mount Hodges.

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Bore Valley is a valley that is 0.7 nautical miles (1.3 km) long in a north-south direction, extending from Lewis Pass to Grytviken in Cumberland Bay, South Georgia. It was first surveyed and named "Bores Dal" by the Swedish Antarctic Expedition (SwedAE) under Otto Nordenskiöld, 1901–04, but the form Bore Valley has since become established. The discovery by J. Gunnar Andersson, of the SwedAE, of numerous traces of a former ice covering, proving that ice had once filled the entire valley, led to the name. "Bore" is the Swedish word for Boreas, the Greek god of the north wind. Maidalen, to the north of Lewis Pass, was originally considered to be a part of Bore Valley but has since been determined to be a separate valley.

Cobblers Cove is a small cove which provides an anchorage 0.5 nautical miles (1 km) west of the entrance to Godthul, along the north coast of South Georgia. It was charted and named Pleasant Cove by Discovery Investigations personnel in 1929, but that name is not known locally. The South Georgia Survey, 1951–52, reported that this feature is known to whalers and sealers as "Skomaker Hullet", because it was first entered in thick fog by a Norwegian gunner who had once been a cobbler. An English form of this name has been approved.

Orca Peak is a peak, 395 m, standing west of Grytviken on the north coast of South Georgia. The name appears to be first used on a 1930 British Admiralty chart.

Petrel Peak is a peak, 630 m, standing at the north side of Hodges Glacier, 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) northwest of Grytviken, South Georgia. Surveyed by the SGS in the period 1951-57. The name was proposed by J. Smith of the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) in 1958, following glaciological investigations as part of the IGY. Petrel Peak is named for the whale-catcher Petrel, belonging to the Compania Argentina de Pesca at Grytviken, and for the snow petrels which nest on the higher rocks of the peak.

Mercer Bay is a small bay marked by Geikie Glacier at its head, at the southwest end of Cumberland West Bay, South Georgia. The bay appears on a sketch map of Cumberland Bay by Lieutenant S.A. Duse of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition, 1901–04, and is first used on a chart based upon survey work by Discovery Investigations (DI) personnel in 1926–30. It was probably named for Lieutenant Commander G.M. Mercer, Royal Naval Reserve, captain of the DI research ship William Scoresby, which engaged in whale marking and oceanographic work off South Georgia in 1926–27.

Headland Peak is a peak rising to 875 metres (2,870 ft) on the north side of Geikie Glacier, at the head of Cumberland West Bay, South Georgia. It was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee for Robert K. Headland, a British Antarctic Survey biological assistant at Grytviken, 1977–80 and 1981–82. He was curator of the Scott Polar Research Institute from 1987.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Three Brothers" (content from the Geographic Names Information System ).

United States Geological Survey scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

Geographic Names Information System geographical database

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.