Three Brothers (New South Wales)

Last updated

Middle Brother
Johns River New South Wales.png
South Brother 2018
Highest point
Elevation 554 m (1,818 ft) [1]
Coordinates 31°42′07″S152°40′41″E / 31.702°S 152.678°E / -31.702; 152.678 Coordinates: 31°42′07″S152°40′41″E / 31.702°S 152.678°E / -31.702; 152.678 [2]
Geography
Australia New South Wales relief location map.png
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Middle Brother
Location Mid North Coast, New South Wales, Australia

Three Brothers, three separate mountains of the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, are situated approximately 360 kilometres (220 mi) north of Sydney.

Mountain A large landform that rises fairly steeply above the surrounding land over a limited area

A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

Mid North Coast Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Mid North Coast is a country region in the north-east of the state of New South Wales, Australia. The region covers the mid to north coast of the state, beginning at Seal Rocks, 275 km (171 mi) north of Sydney, and extending as far north as Woolgoolga, 562 km (349 mi) north of Sydney, a distance of roughly 400 km (250 mi).

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

Location and features

Collectively referred to as the Three Brothers, the mountains are three separate mountains named and located as follows:

The Australian Height Datum is a vertical datum in Australia. According to Geoscience Australia, "In 1971 the mean sea level for 1966-1968 was assigned the value of 0.000m on the Australian Height Datum at thirty tide gauges around the coast of the Australian continent. The resulting datum surface, with minor modifications in two metropolitan areas, has been termed the Australian Height Datum (AHD) and was adopted by the National Mapping Council as the datum to which all vertical control for mapping is to be referred."

The South Brother lies within the Mid-Coast Council local government area; while the Middle and North Brothers are located with the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area,

Mid-Coast Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Mid–Coast Council is a local government area (LGA) located in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The council was formed on 12 May 2016 through a merger of the Gloucester Shire, Great Lakes and City of Greater Taree councils.

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

The North and Middle Brothers have been declared national parks, named Dooragan National Park and Middle Brother National Park respectively.

National park park used for conservation purposes of animal life and plants

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a sovereign state declares or owns. Although individual nations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea: the conservation of 'wild nature' for posterity and as a symbol of national pride. An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.

Dooragan National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Dooragan National Park is a national park on the Mid North Coast of New South Wales, Australia. The national park is situated near Laurieton, and is approximately 365 kilometres (227 mi) northeast of Sydney.

Middle Brother National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Middle Brother National Park is a protected area of 1830 hectares, situated in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales. The nearest large town is Laurieton. The high rainfall and volcanic soils produce outstanding eucalyptus forest and rainforest. Large Flooded Gum and Blackbutt grow in sheltered areas.

The main radio and television transmitters for the Mid North Coast region are located on the summit of Middle Brother. [7]

Etymology

The Australian Aboriginal local Birpai people tell a dreamtime story of three brothers who were killed by a witch called Widjirriejuggi and were buried where the mountains stand. The youngest of the three was Dooragan, that now carries the name for one of the national parks. [8]

Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers. The earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP.

By amazing coincidence, when Captain James Cook passed the area on 12 May 1770 he named the mountains Three Brothers, since "these Hills bore some resemblance to each other". [9] [10]

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References

  1. 1 2 "Map of Middle Brother, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Middle Brother". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 15 October 2013. Blue pencil.svg
  3. "Map of North Brother, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  4. "North Brother". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 15 October 2013. Blue pencil.svg
  5. "Map of South Brother, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  6. "South Brother". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 15 October 2013. Blue pencil.svg
  7. "Licence Area Plan: Taree (Radio)". Attorney General's Department, Australia. October 1998. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  8. "Dooragan National Park: Culture & history". NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service . Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
  9. "Dooragan National Park". New South Wales Department of Environment & Climate Change. 25 April 2006. Retrieved 11 July 2008.