Three Cocks

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Three Cocks/Aberllynfi
Aberllynfi 734194.jpg
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Three Cocks/Aberllynfi
Location within Powys
Populationn/a
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRECON
Postcode district LD3
Dialling code 01497
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys
52°02′34″N3°12′05″W / 52.04278°N 3.20149°W / 52.04278; -3.20149 Coordinates: 52°02′34″N3°12′05″W / 52.04278°N 3.20149°W / 52.04278; -3.20149

Three Cocks or Aberllynfi is a village near Glasbury in Powys, Wales. The Welsh name refers to the mouth of the Afon Llynfi which enters the River Wye a mile from the village. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye some 5 miles (8.5 km) to the North East.

Contents

Aberllynfi parish

Aberllynfi was once a separate ecclesiastical parish, but its church fell into disuse in the 18th century. [1]

The curious English name of the village is comparatively recent and was taken from the former railway station (Three Cocks Junction, now a garden centre) where the Hereford, Hay and Brecon Railway met the Mid-Wales Railway. The station derived its name from the 15th century Three Cocks Inn (a coaching inn, still extant [2] [3] ) which in turn took its name from the armorial bearings of former local landowners, the Williams family of Old Gwernyfed. [4] These were supposed to have been based on the arms of the medieval Welsh prince Einon Sais, who lived in Aberllynfi, but this is probably a later invention. The station, together with all the services which ran through it, was closed in December 1962.

Thomas Edwards, a former innkeeper of the Three Cocks, was also a bridge-builder, constructing the 7-arch Glasbury Bridge in 1777 (destroyed by floods in 1795) and rebuilding the 3-arch bridge over the Llynfi at Pont Ithel in 1783. [5]

Gwernyfed

The original house and deer park of Old Gwernyfed, to the south of the village, is of medieval origin, but the house was extensively rebuilt in the 17th century. [6] In 1600 it was purchased by Sir David Williams, MP for the Borough of Brecon (1584–93, 1597–1604). In 1613, it was inherited by his son, Sir Henry Williams, MP for the Borough of Brecon (1601–04) and for Breconshire (1620–28). His son, also Sir Henry Williams, was also MP for Breconshire (1628–29). [7] On 6 August 1645, he was said to have entertained King Charles I at Gwernyfed, following Charles' defeat at the Battle of Naseby. [8] Curiously, Sir Edward Williams was not a relation (despite his surname), but married the family heiress in 1675. This seems to have ensured that he too became MP for Breconshire (1697–98, 1705–21). [7] In 1776, Thomas Wood also married the family heiress. [9] Their son, Thomas Wood, was MP for Breconshire for forty-one years (1806–47). He enjoyed the friendship of members of the royal family and King George IV visited him at Old Gwernyfed. [9] The house is now a grade I listed building. [10]

Gwernyfed Park, a much later Jacobean-style house within the deer park, was built for Captain Thomas Wood, MP for Middlesex, by William Eden Nesfield in the 1870s. [11] During the Second World War, it was requisitioned and used by the South Wales Borderers. [12] Since 1950, it has formed part of Gwernyfed High School. A rugby union club, Gwernyfed RFC, was founded at the school in the 1960s, but now plays at and represents the nearby town of Talgarth. Gwernyfed Park is now a grade II* listed building. [13]

Following local government reorganization in 1974, Aberllynfi has been placed in the Community of Gwernyfed, together with the neighbouring village of Felindre and the southern part of the village of Glasbury. [14]

Related Research Articles

Hay-on-Wye Town in Brecknockshire, Wales

Hay-on-Wye, often abbreviated to just "Hay" is a small market town and community in the historic county of Brecknockshire (Breconshire) in Wales, currently administered as part of the unitary authority of Powys. With over twenty bookshops, it is often described as "the town of books", and is both the National Book Town of Wales and the site of the annual Hay Festival.

Brecon Human settlement in Wales

Brecon, archaically known as Brecknock, is a market and minster town in Powys, mid-Wales. In 1841, it had a population of 5,701. The population in 2001 was 7,901, increasing to 8,250 at the 2011 census. Historically it was the county town of Brecknockshire (Breconshire); although its role as such was eclipsed with the formation of the County of Powys, it remains an important local centre. Brecon is the third-largest town in Powys, after Newtown and Ystradgynlais. It lies north of the Brecon Beacons mountain range, but is just within the Brecon Beacons National Park.

Brecknockshire historic county of Wales

Brecknockshire, also known as the County of Brecknock, Breconshire, or the County of Brecon is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county. Named after its county town of Brecon, the county is mountainous and primarily rural.

Bronllys Human settlement in Wales

Bronllys is a village and community in Powys, Wales between the nearby towns Brecon and Talgarth. Bronllys is also the name of an electoral ward to Powys County Council. The community includes Llyswen.

Hay-on-Wye railway station

Hay was a railway station serving the town of Hay-on-Wye in Powys, Wales. Hay had one of the earliest railway stations in the country, being part of a horse-drawn tramway.

Clyro Human settlement in Wales

Clyro is a village and community in Radnorshire, Powys, Wales, with 781 inhabitants as of the 2011 UK Census. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the south-east.

Hay Castle ruined castle in Hay-on-Wye, Powys, Wales

Hay Castle is a medieval fortification and 17th-century mansion house in the small town of Hay-on-Wye in Powys, Wales. Originally constructed as part of the Norman invasion of Wales, the castle was designed as a ringwork overlooking the town in either the late-11th or early-12th centuries. It was rebuilt in stone around 1200 by the de Braose family and then had a turbulent history, being attacked and burnt several times during the First and Second Barons' Wars, the wars with the Welsh princes, the rebellion of Owain Glyndŵr and the Wars of the Roses. In the 17th century a Jacobean mansion house was built alongside the medieval keep and the property became a private home. Serious fires in 1939 and 1977 gutted the castle and, despite repairs in the 1980s, by the 21st century much of the building was derelict and unstable. Since 2011 it has been owned by the Hay Castle Trust who plan to renovate the property to form an arts and education centre.

Llyswen Human settlement in Wales

Llyswen is a small village in Powys, Wales on the west bank of the River Wye. It was formerly within the county of Brecknockshire and now forms part of the Community of Bronllys. The nearest town is Brecon approximately 8 miles (13 km) to the south-west.

Glasbury Human settlement in Wales

Glasbury, also known as Glasbury-on-Wye, is a village and community in Powys, Wales. The village lies at an important crossing point on the River Wye, connecting the historic counties of Brecknockshire and Radnorshire, and is located just outside the Brecon Beacons National Park, north of the Black Mountains. The village is split between the communities of Glasbury and Gwernyfed. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 4 miles (6 km) to the north east. The nearest city is Hereford in England, some 25 miles (40 km) to the east. Glasbury is a popular location for river fishing, canoeing and kayaking. The population of Glasbury community in Radnorshire was 994, in 1841 it was 838.

Boughrood is a village in the community of Glasbury in Powys, Wales.

The Afon Llynfi is a short river in the county of Powys, south Wales. A tributary of the River Wye, it runs approximately south to north just to the west of the Black Mountains and partly within the Brecon Beacons National Park. The river rises as a small stream to the west of the village of Bwlch and flows north for 2 miles into Llangorse Lake. It leaves the lake just to the southwest of the village of Llangors and follows a course past the hamlets of Trefecca and Tredustan, then between the twin villages of Talgarth and Bronllys, forming the boundary of the national park in part. It then flows northeast past the village of Three Cocks otherwise known as Aberllynfi before entering the River Wye just upstream of Glasbury Bridge.

Llanigon Human settlement in Wales

Llanigon is a village and community in Powys, Wales on the edge of the Brecon Beacons National Park, north of the Black Mountains, Wales. The community population was 478. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 1.5 miles (2 km) to the east. It is in the historic county of Brecknockshire.

Llowes Human settlement in Wales

Llowes is a small village in the community of Glasbury, Powys, Wales. The village has approximately 110 inhabitants (2005). The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye, some 3 miles (5 km) to the south-east.

Pipton Human settlement in Wales

Pipton is a small settlement and former civil parish in Powys, Wales on the Afon Llynfi near its confluence with the River Wye. It was formerly in the county of Brecknockshire and is now part of the Community of Bronllys. The nearest town is Hay-on-Wye some 5 miles (8.0 km) to the east.

Defynnog village in Wales

Defynnog, also known as Devynock in some historical documents, is a small village in the community of Maescar in the historic county of Brecknockshire, Wales, now lying within the unitary authority area of Powys. It lies immediately south of Sennybridge and about ten miles west of Brecon within the Brecon Beacons National Park.

Gwernyfed Human settlement in Wales

Gwernyfed is a community in Powys, Wales, centred on the village of Aberllynfi. It takes its name from Gwernyfed Park, a medieval deer park within the community.

Great Manson Farm, Monmouth

Great Manson Farm is a property on the northern outskirts of Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales, in the Buckholt area. It is in the Manson Lane neighbourhood, within the electoral division of Dixton with Osbaston. During the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, members of the Clarke, Goode, Clark, Dampier, and Morgan families resided at Great Manson Farm, at which time the reported size of the farm varied from 170 to 200 acres. The property is remarkable for the presence of three grade II listed buildings, including a barn with medieval origins.

Glasbury (electoral ward)

Glasbury is the name of an electoral wards in central Powys, Wales. It covers the community of Glasbury as well as the neighbouring communities of Clyro and Painscastle. The ward elects a county councillor to Powys County Council.

References

  1. Rev. W.E.T. Morgan, Hay and neighbourhood, 1932.
  2. "The Three Cocks Hotel". Threecockshotel.com. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  3. "The Three Cocks Hotel (C) Jonathan Billinger :: Geograph Britain and Ireland". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  4. "Old Gwernyfed". Coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  5. A.W. Skempton, A biographical dictionary of civil engineers in Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.1, pp 210-211 (2002) ISBN   0-7277-2939-X
  6. "Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust - Projects - Historic Landscapes - Middle Wye - Administrative Landscapes". Cpat.org.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  7. 1 2 "The National Library of Wales :: Dictionary of Welsh Biography". Yba.llgc.org.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  8. J. Britton et al., The Beauties of England and Wales, p. 100 (1815)
  9. 1 2 "Wood Family". Nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  10. "Old Gwernyfed - Gwernyfed - Powys - Wales". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 28 February 1952. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  11. "Gwernyfed Park". Coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  12. Archived October 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  13. "Gwernyfed High School - Gwernyfed - Powys - Wales". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. 1 May 1976. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  14. Neighbourhood Statistics. "Check Browser Settings". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2015.