Three Corpses

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Arthur, Shawn (2013). Early Daoist Dietary Practices: Examining Ways to Health and Longevity. Lexington Books.
  • Campany, Robert Ford (2002). To Live As Long As Heaven and Earth: Ge Hong's Traditions of Divine Transcendents. University of California Press.
  • Campany, Robert Ford (2005a). "Two Religious Thinkers of the Early Eastern Jin: Gan Bao and Ge Hong in Multiple Contexts". Asia Major. 18 (1): 175–224.
  • Campany, Robert Ford (2005b). "The Meanings of Cuisines of Transcendence in Late Classical and Early Medieval China". T'oung Pao. 91 (1): 1–57. doi:10.1163/1568532054905124.
  • Cook, Theodore A. (2008). "Sanshi and jiuchong 三尸・九蟲, three corpses and nine worms". In Pregadio, Fabrizio (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Taoism. Two volumes. Routledge. ISBN   9780700712007.
  • Eskildsen, Stephen (1998). Asceticism in Early Taoist Religion. SUNY Press. ISBN   9780791439562.
  • Huang, Shih-Shan Susan (2011). "Daoist Imagery of Body and Cosmos, Part 2: Body Worms and Internal Alchemy" (PDF). Journal of Daoist Studies. 4: 33–65. doi:10.1353/dao.2011.0001. S2CID   57857037.
  • Maspero, Henri (1981). Taoism and Chinese Religion. Translated by Frank A. Kierman Jr. University of Massachusetts Press.
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  • Footnotes

    1. 1 2 Arthur 2013.
    2. 1 2 Kohn, Livia (1993). The Taoist Experience: An Anthology. SUNY Press. ISBN   9780791415795.
    3. Komjathy, Louis. 2008. Handbooks for Daoist Practice. 10 vols. Hong Kong: Yuen Yuen Institute.
    4. Strickmann 2002.
    5. 1 2 3 Zhang & Unschuld 2014.
    6. Schipper, Kristofer (1993), The Taoist Body, translated by Karen C. Duval, University of California Press.
    7. 1 2 Needham, Joseph; et al. (1986). Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 6 Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1: Botany. Cambridge University Press. ISBN   9780521087315.
    8. Zhang & Unschuld 2014, p. 414.
    9. Unschuld, Paul Ulrich (1986), Medicine in China, A History of Pharmaceutics, 本草, University of California Press. pp. 29-46.
    10. Cooper, William C.; Sivin, Nathan (1973). "Man as a Medicine. Pharmacological and Ritual Aspects of Drugs Derived from the Human Body". In Shigeru Nakayama; Nathan Sivin (eds.). Chinese Science: Explorations of an Ancient Tradition. MIT East Asian Science Series 2. MIT Press. ISBN   026214011X.
    11. Compendium of Materia Medica - Bencao Gangmu. 6 vols. Translated by Luo, Xiwen. Foreign Languages Press. 2003. ISBN   9787119032603.
    12. Fischer-Schreiber, Ingrid (1996), The Shambhala Dictionary of Taoism, tr. by Werner Wunsche, Shambhala.
    13. 1 2 Benn, Charles D. (2001), Daily Life in Traditional China: The Tang Dynasty, Greenwood Press.
    14. Pas, Julian; Leung, Man Kam (1998). Historical Dictionary of Taoism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN   9780810833692.
    15. Maspero 1981.
    16. Eskildsen 1998.
    17. Campany 2005b.
    18. Campany 2002.
    19. Yamada 1989.
    20. Cook 2008.
    21. Huang 2011, p. 57.
    22. Maspero 1981, p. 356.
    23. Maspero 1981, p. 331.
    24. Eskildsen 1998, p. 49.
    25. Strickmann 2002, p. 77.
    26. Maspero 1981, p. 339.
    27. Robinet 1993, pp. 64‑5.
    28. Huang, Shih-Shan Susan (2010), Daoist Imagery of Body and Cosmos, Part 1: Body Gods and Starry Travel, Journal of Daoist Studies 3: 57–90. p. 61.
    29. 1 2 Campany 2005b, p. 43.
    30. Robinet 1993, p. 139.
    31. Huang 2011, p. 36.
    32. Kaltenmark, Max, tr. (1953). Le Lie-sien tchouan: Biographies légendaires des immortels taoïstes de l'antiquité. Beijing: Université de Paris, Publications du Centre d'études sinologiques de Pékin. pp. 177-8. 1987 reprint Paris: Collège de France.
    33. Tr. Schipper, Kristofer (1978), "The Taoist Body," History of Religions 17.3/4: 355–386. p. 372.
    34. Lun-hêng, Part 2, Miscellaneous Essays of Wang Ch'ung. Translated by Forke, Alfred (Second ed.). Paragon Book Gallery. 1962 [1907]. p. 316.
    35. Lun-hêng, Part 1, Philosophical Essays of Wang Ch'ung. Translated by Forke, Alfred. Otto Harrassowitz. 1907. p. 534.
    36. Ware 1966, pp. 115–6.
    37. Campany 2002, p. 49.
    38. Arthur 2013, p. 85.
    39. Campany 2002, p. 51.
    40. Ware 1966, pp. 252–3.
    41. Ware 1966, p. 84.
    42. Ware 1966, pp. 275–6.
    43. Ware 1966, p. 103.
    44. Ware 1966, p. 190.
    45. Ware 1966, p. 77.
    46. Ware 1966, p. 96.
    47. Ware 1966, p. 95.
    48. Ware 1966, p. 102.
    49. The Chinese Classics, Vol. V, The Ch'un Ts'ew with the Tso Chuen. Translated by Legge, James. Oxford University Press. 1872. p. 374.
    50. Tr. Campany 2002 , pp. 51, 245–6.
    51. Tr. Maspero 1981 , p. 333.
    52. Strickmann 2002, p. 78.
    53. Tr. Strickmann 2002 , pp. 76–7, cf. Zhang & Unschuld 2014 , p. 543.
    54. Tr. Maspero 1981 , p. 332.
    55. Tr. Maspero 1981 , p. 336.
    56. Tr. Arthur 2013 , p. 80.
    57. Eskildsen 1998, p. 60; Arthur 2013, p. 87.
    58. Arthur 2013, p. 87.
    59. Tr. Arthur 2013 , p. 89.
    60. Tr. Eskildsen 1998 , p. 61.
    61. Tr. Arthur 2013 , p. 78.
    62. Tr. Yamada 1989 , p. 107.
    63. Tr. Yamada 1989 , p. 107.
    64. Arthur 2013, p. 88.
    65. Tr. Campany 2002 , p. 166.
    66. Tr. Eskildsen 1998 , p. 76.
    67. Arthur 2013, p. 81.
    68. Tr. Arthur 2013 , p. 81.
    69. Tr. Maspero 1981 , p. 333.
    70. Campany 2005b, p. 43–4.
    71. Cook 2008, p. 844.
    72. Arthur 2013, p. 82.
    73. Tr. Cook 2008 , p. 846.
    74. Tr. Kohn, Livia (2009), Readings in Daoist Mysticism, Three Pines Press. p. 168.
    75. Huang 2011, p. 40.
    76. Eskildsen 1998, p. 46.
    77. Arthur 2013, p. 80.
    78. Yamada 1989 , p. 107, cited by Campany 2005b , p. 44 and Arthur 2013 , p. 81.
    79. Campany 2002, p. 166.
    80. Arthur 2013, p. 79.

    Further reading

    Sanshi
    Chinese 三尸
    Literal meaningthree corpses