Three Great Nobles of the Restoration

Last updated

The Three Great Nobles of the Restoration (維新の三傑, Ishin no Sanketsu, lit. "Three outstanding heroes in the restoration") is a term used in Japan for three figures that played an important role in the Meiji Restoration in 1868 and are regarded as the founders of the modern state of Japan. [1]

The Three Great Nobles are:

All Three Great Nobles were samurai of the Satchō Alliance, and died within a short period of time between 1877 (Meiji 10) and 1878 (Meiji 11). Saigō led the Satsuma Rebellion, the largest uprising against the new Meiji government, and died at the Battle of Shiroyama. Kido died from an unknown illness during the Satsuma Rebellion, and Ōkubo was later assassinated by former samurai of the Satsuma Domain for his involvement against the uprising.

Preceded by
Shōgun Tokugawa Yoshinobu
Meiji Restoration
1868–1885
Succeeded by
Itō Hirobumi as Prime Minister


Related Research Articles

Ōkubo Toshimichi Japanese politician (1830-1878)

Ōkubo Toshimichi was a Japanese statesman and one of the Three Great Nobles regarded as the main founders of modern Japan.

Kido Takayoshi Japanese samurai (1833-1877)

Kido Takayoshi, also referred to as Kido Kōin, was a Japanese statesman of the Meiji Restoration. He was known as Katsura Kogorō during the late Tokugawa period. He is considered as one of the three great nobles who led the Restoration.

The abolition of the han system in the Empire of Japan and its replacement by a system of prefectures in 1871 was the culmination of the Meiji Restoration begun in 1868, the starting year of the Meiji period. Under the reform, all daimyōs were required to return their authority to the Emperor Meiji and his house. The process was accomplished in several stages, resulting in a new centralized government of Meiji Japan and the replacement of the old feudal system with a new oligarchy.

Saigō Takamori samurai (1828-1877)

Saigō Takamori (Takanaga) was one of the most influential samurai in Japanese history and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration. Living during the late Edo and early Meiji periods, he has been dubbed the last true samurai.

Boshin War Civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869

The Boshin War, sometimes known as the Japanese Revolution, was a civil war in Japan, fought from 1868 to 1869 between forces of the ruling Tokugawa shogunate and those seeking to return political power to the Imperial Court.

Satsuma Rebellion Revolt of samurai against the Meiji imperial government

The Satsuma Rebellion, also known as the Seinan War was a revolt of disaffected samurai against the new imperial government, nine years into the Meiji Era. Its name comes from the Satsuma Domain, which had been influential in the Restoration and became home to unemployed samurai after military reforms rendered their status obsolete. The rebellion lasted from January 29, 1877, until September of that year, when it was decisively crushed and its leader, Saigō Takamori, committed seppuku after being mortally wounded.

Satchō Alliance

The Satsuma–Chōshū Alliance, or Satchō Alliance was a military alliance between the feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū formed in 1866 to combine their efforts to restore Imperial rule and overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

Satsuma Domain Japanese historical feudal estate

The Satsuma Domain, officially known as the Kagoshima Domain, was a domain (han) of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan during the Edo period from 1602 to 1871.

Meiji oligarchy ruling class of Meiji period Japan

The Meiji oligarchy was the new ruling class of Meiji period Japan. In Japanese, the Meiji oligarchy is called the domain clique.

Shinsengumi! (新選組!) is a 2004 Taiga drama historical fiction television series produced by Japanese broadcaster NHK. It was a popular drama about the Shinsengumi, a Japanese special police force from the Bakumatsu period.

Saga Rebellion

The Saga Rebellion was an 1874 uprising in Kyūshū against the new Meiji government of Japan. It was led by Etō Shinpei and Shima Yoshitake in their native domain of Hizen.

Seikanron An argument over whether or not to invade Korea by the Meiji government of Japan.

The Seikanron was a major political debate in Japan during 1873 regarding a punitive expedition against Korea. The Seikanron split the Meiji government and the restoration coalition that had been established against the bakufu, but resulted in a decision not to send a military expedition to Korea.

Kawaji Toshiyoshi Japanese politician

Kawaji Toshiyoshi, also known as Kawaji Toshikane, was a Japanese statesman and chief of police during the Meiji period. A Satsuma Domain samurai initially tasked to study foreign systems for application in the Japanese military, Kawaji fought against forces loyal to the Tokugawa shogunate during the Boshin War. Later, his work on setting up the Japanese police at the aftermath of the Meiji Restoration, first as rasotsu, and then as keisatsu, earned him the recognition as the founder of Japan's modern police system. Besides his police and military work, he was also noted for his contributions to the development of Kendo, a Japanese martial art.

Chō Tsurahide was a samurai from Ishikawa Prefecture who was instrumental in the assassination of Ōkubo Toshimichi.

Meiji Restoration Restoration of imperial rule in Japan

The Meiji Restoration, referred to at the time as the Honorable Restoration, and also known as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Although there were ruling Emperors before the Meiji Restoration, the events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the Emperor of Japan. The goals of the restored government were expressed by the new Emperor in the Charter Oath.

The Shizoku was a social class in Japan composed of former samurai after the Meiji Restoration from 1869 to 1947. Shizoku was a distinct class between the kazoku and heimin (commoners) with no special class privileges, and the title was solely on the register. The Shizoku were abolished in the revised civil code in 1947 after Japanese defeat in World War II.

Museum of the Meiji Restoration

The Museum of the Meiji Restoration is a history museum in Kagoshima, Japan. Located by the Kōtsuki River, it is a gallery where visitors can learn about the Meiji Restoration. In the basement hall, sound, light, and robots are used to present a three-dimensional experience of the Meiji Restoration. On the first floor, exhibits describe the people, things, and events of Satsuma Province.

Segodon is a 2018 Japanese historical drama television series and the 57th NHK taiga drama. It stars Ryohei Suzuki as Saigō Takamori, who has been dubbed the last true samurai.

維新 can refer to:

Shi-gakkō Private military academy system in Kagoshima founded by Saigō Takamori

The Shi-gakkō or Shigakkō was a system of military academies in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan during the early Meiji era. Created by Saigō Takamori, the building of these school and the organization of a political clique inside its walls was a cause of the Satsuma Rebellion. Many officers involved in the rebellion on the side of the Satsuma Domain were graduates of the Shi-gakkō. It was located in Shiroyama-chō, Kagoshima, on the site of the current National Hospital Organization Kagoshima Medical Center.

References

  1. 『維新元勲十傑論』、16頁