Three Hundred Laz Martyrs
|Venerated in||Georgian Orthodox Church|
|Feast||29 April (12 May)|
The Holy Martyrs of Lazeti , :სამასი ლაზი მოწამე, translit.:samasi lazi mots'ame, Laz: სუმოში ლაზი თისჲაფე, sumoşi lazi tisyape) are saints of the Georgian Orthodox Church, who were put to death for not renouncing Christianity by the Ottoman Empire between the years 1600 and 1620. The Georgian church commemorates them on 18 September (O.S. 10 October).also known as Three Hundred Laz Martyrs (Georgian
Lazistan is a historical and cultural region of Caucasus and Anatolia, traditionally inhabited by the Laz people, located mostly in Turkey, with small parts in the Georgia. Its area is about 6,000 km2, and its population about 500,000. Geographically, Lazistan consists of a series of narrow, rugged valleys extending northward from the crest of the Pontic Alps, which separate it from the Çoruh valley, and stretches east-west along the southern shore of the Black Sea. Lazistan is a virtually a forbidden term in Turkey. The designation of the term of Lazistan was officially banned in 1926, by Kemalists, as the name was considered to be an 'unpatriotic' invention of ancien regime. However, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan reportedly said in 2013, that the Ottoman Empire used to call the Black Sea Region — “Lazistan”.
Georgian is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians and the Laz.
Romanization of Georgian is the process of transliterating the Georgian language from the Georgian script into the Latin script.
The Georgian Apostolic Autocephalous Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in full communion with the other churches of Eastern Orthodoxy. It is Georgia's dominant religious institution, and a majority of Georgian people are members. The Georgian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest churches in the world. It asserts apostolic foundation, and its historical roots must be traced to the early and late Christianization of Iberia and Colchis by Saint Andrew in the 1st century AD and by Saint Nino in the 4th century AD, respectively.
Lazica was the Latin name given to the territory of Colchis during the Roman/Byzantine period, from about the 1st century BC.
Lazistan was the Ottoman administrative name for the sanjak, under Trebizond Vilayet, comprising the Laz or Lazuri-speaking population on the southeastern shore of the Black Sea. It covered the land of contemporary Rize Province and the littoral of contemporary Artvin Province.
April 28 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 30
March 11 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 13
The Laz people, or Lazi, are an indigenous Kartvelian-speaking ethnic group inhabiting the Black Sea coastal regions of Turkey and Georgia.
The title of New Martyr or Neomartyr of the Eastern Orthodox Church was originally given to martyrs who died under heretical rulers or non-christian rulers in post-medieval period. The Greek Orthodox Church traditionally gives the title of New Martyr to those who had been tortured and executed during the Ottoman rule (turkocracy) in order to avoid forced islamization. Later, various Christian Churches added to the list those martyred under Islam and various modern regimes, especially Communist ones, which espoused state atheism. Officially, the era of the New Martyrs begins with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Among those commemorated are not only those who gave their lives in martyrdom, but also those who are accounted as confessors for the Orthodox Faith.
Some New Martyrs are anonymous or known with non-Christian names, as they died without being officially baptized. According to the Orthodox belief, they were baptized in their own blood when executed.
The Qarapi Saint Gevorg church is an 18th-century church at the foot of the Narikala citadel in Old Tbilisi, Georgia. The church is single-naved and was built in 1753. The Georgian Orthodox Church was built on the site of an ancient Georgian church which was built during the reign of St. King Vakhtang I of Iberia. The church was reconstructed with the help of Armenian merchant Petros Zohrabian and his wife Lolita and the restoration held by them in 1735, what makes the church one of the most important examples of Georgian-Armenian friendship and cooperation.
Great Martyr or Great-Martyr is a classification of saints who are venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Rite of Constantinople.
Novi Lazi is a settlement east of Kočevska Reka in the Municipality of Kočevje in southern Slovenia. The area is part of the traditional region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region. After the Second World War it also included Jelenja Vas, formerly a separate village named Iskrba, which is now a hamlet of Štalcerji.
The Laz people or Lazi are an indigenous Kartvelian-speaking ethnic group inhabiting the Black Sea coastal regions of Turkey and Georgia.
Kolkhoba is an annual Laz festival held each year at the end of August or the beginning of September in Sarpi village, Georgia. It was first held on August 7, 1978, and has since become an established tradition. Kolkhoba is a new name for the ancient holiday of Lazeti region, which is related to the cult of sea. Lazeti residents used to gather on the coast and swim in the sea. Festival has revived the former lifestyle of Lazeti residents and moments of human relations typical to the times of ancient Greece and Colchis related to the Argonauts journey to Colchis. During the celebration of Kolkhoba theater performances are followed by a variety of activities and it is considered one of the main public festivals.
Laz Aziz Ahmed Pasha was an Ottoman-born Turkish statesman of ethnic Laz origin. He was the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
The Seven Brothers of Lazia are the seven martyred brothers: Orentius, Cyriacus, Firminus, Firmus, Heros, Longinus, and Pharnacius. They were soldiers in the Roman Army, supposedly joined Diocletian's army at Antioch, saw service in Thrace, were condemned for their Christian faith and suffered martyrdom during the persecutions of co-Emperor Maximian.
The Eparchy of Batumi and Lazeti is an eparchy (diocese) of the Georgian Orthodox Church with its seat in Batumi, Georgia. It has jurisdiction over Municipalities of Kobuleti, Khelvachauri, city of Batumi in Georgia and historical region of Lazeti (Lazistan), currently part of Turkey.
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