Three Lords and Nine Ministers

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The Three Lords and Nine Ministers system (Chinese :三公九卿) was a central administrative system adopted in ancient China that was officially instituted in the Qin dynasty (221 BC – 206 BC) and was replaced by the Three Departments and Six Ministries (Chinese :三省六部) system since the Sui dynasty (AD 589–618).

Contents

Divisions

[1]

Three Lords

Three Lords referred to three highest rank officials in the imperial government, namely:

Nine Ministers

Nine Ministers comprised all the ministers of importance in the central government. They were:

See also

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References

Citations

  1. Wang 1949, pp. 150–151.

Sources

  • Li, Konghuai (2007). History of Administrative Systems in Ancient China (in Chinese). Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., Ltd. ISBN   978-962-04-2654-4.
  • Lyu, Simian (2008). The General History of China (in Chinese). New World Publishing. ISBN   978-7-80228-569-9.
  • Wang, Yu-Ch'uan (June 1949). "An Outline of The Central Government of The Former Han Dynasty". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies . Harvard-Yenching Institute. 12 (1/2): 134–187. doi:10.2307/2718206. JSTOR   2718206.