Three Lords and Nine Ministers

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The Three Lords and Nine Ministers system (Chinese :三公九卿) was a central administrative system adopted in ancient China that was officially instituted in the Qin dynasty (221 BC – 206 BC) and was replaced by the Three Departments and Six Ministries (Chinese :三省六部) system since the Sui dynasty (AD 589–618).




Three Lords

Three Lords referred to three highest rank officials in the imperial government, namely:

Nine Ministers

Nine Ministers comprised all the ministers of importance in the central government. They were:

See also

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  1. Wang 1949, pp. 150–151.


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  • Wang, Yu-Ch'uan (June 1949). "An Outline of The Central Government of The Former Han Dynasty". Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies . Harvard-Yenching Institute. 12 (1/2): 134–187. doi:10.2307/2718206. JSTOR   2718206.