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Three Palms (Три Пальмы) is one of the most famous poetic works of the Russian poet Mikhail Lermontov. The poem was created in 1839. It was published for the first time in the literary magazine Domestic notes 1839, volume V, #8, section III, p. 168-170. The poem appeared in the Collected works of M. Lermontov published by Elias Glazunov and Co. in 1840. Lermontov composed the poem in amphibrach tetrameter, the same meter and strophe used by Alexander Pushkin in his Imitation of the Koran, part IX, "And a weary traveler murmured to God..."
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism. His influence on later Russian literature is still felt in modern times, not only through his poetry, but also through his prose, which founded the tradition of the Russian psychological novel.
An amphibrach is a metrical foot used in Latin and Greek prosody. It consists of a long syllable between two short syllables. The word comes from the Greek ἀμφίβραχυς, amphíbrakhys, "short on both sides".
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Apollon Nikolayevich Maykov was a Russian poet, best known for his lyric verse showcasing images of Russian villages, nature, and history. His love for ancient Greece and Rome, which he studied for much of his life, is also reflected in his works. Maykov spent four years translating the epic The Tale of Igor's Campaign (1870) into modern Russian. He translated the folklore of Belarus, Greece, Serbia and Spain, as well as works by Heine, Adam Mickiewicz and Goethe, among others. Several of Maykov's poems were set to music by Russian composers, among them Rimsky-Korsakov and Tchaikovsky.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature.
Varvara Aleksandrovna Bakhmeteva, birth name Varvara Alexandrovna Lopukhina, was a Russian noblewoman who was the beloved and tragic muse of the great Romantic poet Mikhail Lermontov. Her first name, Varvara (Варвара) – which is stressed on the second syllable – may be translated as "Barbara".
Demon is a poem by Mikhail Lermontov, written in several versions in the years 1829 to 1839. It is considered a masterpiece of European Romantic poetry.
Alexander Fyodorovich Voeykov was a Russian poet, translator, literary historian and journalist, best known for his satirical poems of 1814-1820.
Russkaya Mysl was one of Russia's most popular magazines of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was founded in Moscow in 1880 by Vukol Lavrov, closed in 1918 by Bolsheviks, resurrected abroad first in Sofia, then Prague and in Paris. In 1927 Russkaya Mysl closed for good.
Andrey Alexandrovich Krayevsky was a Russian publisher and journalist, best known for his work as an editor-in-chief of Otechestvennye Zapiski (1839-1867), the influential literary journal he was also the publisher of. Another well-known publication that Krayevsky founded was the popular newspaper Golos.
Pavel Alexandrovich Viskovatov was a Russian historian of literature, editor, pedagogue and librettist. The Dorpat University professor of Russian language and literature, Viskovatov devoted himself to re-discovering, compiling, and studying the vast and dispersed Lermontov's legacy. He prepared and in 1891 published in Saint Petersburg the first ever edition of The Works of Mikhail Lermontov. Featured here the first ever comprehensive academic biography written by Viskovatov, has been used as blueprint by all the subsequent Russian biographers ever since.
"The Fugitive" is a poem by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1838 and first published in 1846, by the Sevodnya i Vtchera almanac. The final one in Lermontov's Caucasian cycle, it was tagged as the "Highlanders' legend" by the author.
Menschen und Leidenschaften is an early drama by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1830 and first published in Saint Petersburg in 1880 by Pyotr Yefremov, as part of the compilation Early Dramas by Lermontov.
Pyotr Alexandrovich Yefremov was a Russian literary historian, publisher, editor and essayist whose works were published regularly by Sovremennik, Otechestvennye Zapiski, Russky Arkhiv, Russkaya Starina, Istorichesky Vestnik, newspapers Golos, Novoye Vremya, Russkiye Vedomosti. In 1864-1865 he edited the Knizhny Vestnik magazine. Praised as one of the most competent literary scholars of the 19th century, Pyotr Yefremov compiled, edited and published the series of The Works of: Denis Fonvizin (1866), Valerian Maykov (1867), Antiochus Kantemir (1867-1868), Vladimir Lukin (1868), Bogdan Yelchaninov (1868), Alexander Radishchev, Kondraty Ryleyev, Mikhail Lermontov, Vasily Zhukovsky, Alexander Pushkin, Alexander Polezhayev (1889). He is credited with having discovered, published and written analytical essays on numerous hitherto unknown autographs by classics like Pushkin, Ryleyev, Lermontov, Radishchev, Fonvizin, Zhukovsky.
A Strange Man is a play by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1831 and published first in Saint Petersburg, in 1860, by Stepan Dudyshkin, then, for the first time in its entirety, in 1880, by Pyotr Yefremov, in the compilation Early Plays by M.Yu.Lermontov.
Princess Ligovskaya is an unfinished novel by Mikhail Lermontov started in 1836 and first published in No.1, January 1882 issue of Russky Vestnik.
Sashka is a poem by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1835–1836 and first published by Pavel Viskovatov in No. 1, 1882, issue of Russkaya Mysl magazine. Belonging to the so called "Ironic cycle", it is one of Lermontov's largest poems, containing 149 stanzas. The poem, with its sharp criticism of the contemporary Russian society, marked a radical detour from Lermontov's earlier romantic verses. Critics see it as a pivotal point in Lermontov's development as a realist and as a huge step from earlier, mostly derivative works towards his masterpiece A Hero of Our Time.
Tambov Treasurer's Wife is a poem by Mikhail Lermontov, written and published by Sovremennik in 1838.
Boyarin Orsha is a poem by Mikhail Lermontov, written in 1835-1836 and first published by Andrey Krayevsky in the No.7, 1842, issue of Otechestvennye Zapiski.
Alexander Ivanovich Palm was a Russian poet, novelist and playwright, who also used the pseudonym P. Alminsky. A member of the Petrashevsky Circle, Palm in 1847 was arrested, spent 8 months in the Petropavlovsk Fortress, had his death sentence changed to deportation and served 7 years in the Russian Army. Among his best known works are Alexey Slobodin. The History of One Family and Our Friend Neklyuzhev.
Pyotr Vasilyevich Bykov was a Russian literary historian, editor, poet and translator.
Maksud Syundyukle - Tatar and Bashkir poet, translator. Member of the Writers' Union of the Bashkir ASSR. Honored Worker of Culture of the Bashkir ASSR.
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4. Works by M.Y.Lermontov in 4 volumes. Khudozhestvennaya Literatura Publishers. Moscow, 1959.
5."Biography.The Works by M.Y.Lermontov in 10 volumes. Moscow, Voskresenye Publishers". www.krugosvet.ru // Voskresenye Publishers. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
6.Three Palms by Mikhail Lermontov, Шарафутдинов Эмиль
7. Three Palms by Mikhail Lermontov
8. Published for the first time in the literary magazine "Domestic Notes", 1839, volume V, # 8, section III, p. 168—170
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