|Three Physicists Prize|
|Awarded for||Major contributions in physics|
|Presented by||École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris)|
|Website|| http://www.phys.ens.fr/spip.php |
The Three Physicists Prize (French : Prix des trois physiciens) is a physics prize awarded by the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) in Paris and the Eugène Bloch Foundation. It is named in honour of the physicists Henri Abraham, Eugene Bloch and Georges Bruhat, who were successive directors of the physics laboratory at the ENS and all of whom died in Nazi concentration camps between 1943 and 1945. The prize was established by Bloch's widow.
The École normale supérieure is one of the most selective and prestigious graduate schools in Paris, France. It is one of the French grandes écoles and a constituent member of PSL University.
Alfred Kastler was a French physicist, and Nobel Prize laureate.
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji is a French physicist. He shared the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics with Steven Chu and William Daniel Phillips for research in methods of laser cooling and trapping atoms. Currently he is still an active researcher, working at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris.
The CNRS gold medal is the highest scientific research award in France. It is presented annually by the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and was first awarded in 1954. Moreover, silver medals are given to researchers for originality, quality, and importance, while bronze medals recognize initial fruitful results.
Henri Abraham (1868–1943) was a French physicist who made important contributions to the science of radio waves. He performed some of the first measurements of the propagation velocity of radio waves, helped develop France's first triode vacuum tube, and with Eugene Bloch invented the astable multivibrator.
The Prix Ampère de l’Électricité de France is a scientific prize awarded annually by the French Academy of Sciences.
Pierre Aigrain was a French physicist and Secretary of Research in the French Academy of Sciences.
Jean Brossel was a French physicist known for his work on quantum optics. He was born and died in Périgueux.
The Kastler–Brossel Laboratory, located in Paris, France, is a research laboratory specializing in fundamental physics of quantum systems. Founded in 1951 by Alfred Kastler and Jean Brossel, it is a joint research unit operated by the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), the École normale supérieure, the Sorbonne University and the Collège de France.
Pierre Fayet is a French theoretical physicist.
Jean-Michel Raimond is a French physicist working in the field of quantum mechanics.
Claude Fabre is a French physicist, professor emeritus at the Sorbonne University and member of the Kastler-Brossel Laboratory of Sorbonne University, École normale supérieure and Collège de France.
Marc Mézard is a French physicist and academic administrator. He is the director of the École normale supérieure (ENS). He is the co-author of two books.
Eugene Bloch was a French physicist and professor at the Ecole Normale Supérieure, and at the Faculty of Science of the University of Paris.
Georges Bruhat was a French physicist.
Philippe Bouyer is a French physicist, researcher and director at the Laboratory for Photonics, Numerics and Nano-sciences in Talence, France. He is also co-founder of Muquans, a company specialized in quantum technology-based gravity meters. He is deputy director of the Institut d'Optique Graduate School and Editor in Chief of the new AVS Quantum Science journal from AIP Publishing and the American Vacuum Society.
Michel Davier is a French physicist.
Christophe Salomon is a French physicist. Specialist in quantum optics and cold atoms, Christophe Salomon is interested in the superfluidity of quantum gases and in the measurement of time using atomic clocks. A pioneer in this disciplinary field, he has helped to give France a world leadership position in the field.
Marie-Anne Bouchiat-Guiochon is a French Experimental atomic physicist whose research has included studies of neutral currents, parity violation, and hyperpolarization. She is an honorary director of research for the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS).
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