Three Pilgrimage Festivals

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The Three Pilgrimage Festivals, in Hebrew Shalosh Regalim (שלוש רגלים), are three major festivals in JudaismPesach (Passover), Shavuot (Weeks or Pentecost), and Sukkot (Tabernacles, Tents or Booths)—when all ancient Israelites who were able would make a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem, as commanded by the Torah. In Jerusalem, they would participate in festivities and ritual worship in conjunction with the services of the kohanim ("priests") at the Temple.


After the destruction of the Second Temple and until the building of the Third Temple, the actual pilgrimages are no longer obligatory upon Jews, and no longer take place on a national scale. During synagogue services the related passages describing the holiday being observed are read aloud from a Torah scroll on the bimah (platform) used at the center of the synagogue services. During the Jewish holidays in modern-day Israel, many observant Jews living in or near Jerusalem make an effort to attend prayer services at the Western Wall emulating the ancient pilgrimages in some small fashion. Samaritans make pilgrimages to Mount Gerizim three times a year to this day.

Sources in the Hebrew Bible

Offering of the first fruits, illustration from a Bible card Thank offering unto the Lord.jpg
Offering of the first fruits, illustration from a Bible card

Other biblical references

In his vision of a restored Jerusalem, the prophet Isaiah refers to Zion as "the city of our appointed feasts," [4] . Zechariah foretells a messianic era when all nations will come to Jerusalem for the feast of Sukkot. [5] [6] The Songs of Ascent or pilgrim psalms (Psalms 120-134) are associated with the pilgrims' journey to Jerusalem. [7]

See also

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  1. Exodus 23
  2. Exodus 34
  3. Deuteronomy 16
  4. Isaiah 33:20
  5. Zechariah 14
  6. "Sukkot the festival of future redemption for jews and gentiles".
  7. Hossfeld, Frank-Lothar; Zenger, Erich (2011). Psalms 3: A Commentary on Psalms 101-150. Minneapolis: Fortress Press. pp.  293–294. ISBN   978-0800607623.