Three Quartets

Last updated
Three Quartets
Chick-Corea-Three-Quartets-album.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJuly 1981
RecordedJanuary/February 1981 at Mad Hatter Studios Los Angeles, California
Genre Post-bop, jazz rock
Length39:03 (original album) / 61:03 (CD reissue)
Label Stretch Records
Producer Chick Corea
Chick Corea chronology
Live in Montreux
(1981)
Three Quartets
(1981)
Trio Music
(1981)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [1]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svgStar empty.svg [2]

Three Quartets is a jazz album released in 1981 by American jazz pianist Chick Corea, in collaboration with saxophonist Michael Brecker, bassist Eddie Gómez and drummer Steve Gadd. All compositions are by Corea who wanted to create an album of quartets like the many string quartets of the Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Impressionist periods; however, he would use jazz instrumentation.

Chick Corea American pianist, keyboardist, and composer

Armando Anthony "Chick" Corea is an American jazz pianist/electric keyboardist and composer. His compositions "Spain", "500 Miles High", "La Fiesta" and "Windows", are considered jazz standards. As a member of Miles Davis's band in the late 1960s, he participated in the birth of jazz fusion. In the 1970s he formed the fusion band Return to Forever. With Herbie Hancock, McCoy Tyner, and Keith Jarrett, he has been described as one of the major jazz piano voices to emerge in the post-John Coltrane era.

Michael Brecker American musician

Michael Leonard Brecker was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. He was awarded 15 Grammy Awards as both performer and composer. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Berklee College of Music in 2004, and was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame in 2007.

Steve Gadd American drummer

Stephen Kendall Gadd is an American drummer, percussionist, and session musician. Gadd is one of the most well-known and highly regarded session and studio drummers in the industry, recognized by his induction into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1984. Gadd's performance on Paul Simon's "50 Ways to Leave Your Lover", "Late In The Evening" and Steely Dan's "Aja" are examples of his style. He has worked with popular musicians from many genres including Simon & Garfunkel, Steely Dan, James Taylor, Eric Clapton, Kate Bush, Joe Cocker, Grover Washington Jr., Chick Corea, Lee Ritenour, Paul Desmond, Chet Baker and Al Di Meola.

Contents

"Quartet No. 1" uses a 1-chord (G altered) solo vamp over a rock beat in 3/4, and a repeated theme that uses stacked fourths. The second track, "Quartet No. 2 (Part I)" is a ballad, dedicated to jazz pioneer Duke Ellington, incorporating many of the Western classical harmonies and tensions that Ellington used in much of his playing. "Quartet No. 2 (Part II)" is dedicated to jazz saxophone legend John Coltrane.

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the genres of blues, rhythm and blues, and from country music. Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass, drums, and one or more singers. Usually, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political.

Ballad form of verse, often a narrative set to music

A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music. Ballads derive from the medieval French chanson balladée or ballade, which were originally "danced songs". Ballads were particularly characteristic of the popular poetry and song of Ireland and Britain from the later medieval period until the 19th century. They were widely used across Europe, and later in Australia, North Africa, North America and South America. Ballads are often 13 lines with an ABABBCBC form, consisting of couplets of rhymed verse, each of 14 syllables. Another common form is ABAB or ABCB repeated, in alternating 8 and 6 syllable lines.

Duke Ellington American jazz musician, composer and band leader

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death over a career spanning more than fifty years.

Track listing

All compositions by Chick Corea except as noted.

  1. "Quartet No. 1" – (10:16)
  2. "Quartet No. 3" – (9:41)
  3. "Quartet No. 2" - Part I (Dedicated to Duke Ellington)" – (7:09)
  4. "Quartet No. 2" - Part II (Dedicated to John Coltrane)" – (12:01)

The CD reissue contains several tracks that were recorded during the same sessions as the original album but not released at the time. These are:

  1. "Folk Song" – (5:51)
  2. "Hairy Canary" – (3:43)
  3. "Slippery When Wet" – (6:02)
  4. "Confirmation" (Charlie Parker) – (6:17)

Corea plays drums on "Confirmation" instead of Steve Gadd.

Personnel

Piano musical instrument

The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, which is a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings.

Tenor saxophone type of saxophone

The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s. The tenor and the alto are the two most commonly used saxophones. The tenor is pitched in the key of B (while the Alto is pitched in the key of E), and written as a transposing instrument in the treble clef, sounding an octave and a major second lower than the written pitch. Modern tenor saxophones which have a high F key have a range from A2 to E5 (concert) and are therefore pitched one octave below the soprano saxophone. People who play the tenor saxophone are known as "tenor saxophonists", "tenor sax players", or "saxophonists".

Double bass Acoustic stringed instrument of the violin family

The double bass, or simply the bass, is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

Chart performance

YearChartPosition
1981 Billboard 200 179 [3]
1981Billboard Jazz Albums17 [3]

Related Research Articles

Eddie Gómez Puerto Rican bassist

Edgar Gómez is a jazz double bassist born in Santurce, Puerto Rico, known for his work with the Bill Evans Trio from 1966 to 1977.

Bob Berg American musician

Robert Berg was an American jazz saxophonist originally from Brooklyn, New York City.

<i>Unity</i> (Larry Young album) 1966 studio album by Larry Young

Unity is an album by jazz organist Larry Young, released on the Blue Note label. While not free jazz, the album features innovative experimentation. The title was chosen by Young because "although everybody on the date was very much an individualist, they were all in the same frame of mood. It was evident from the start that everything was fitting together." The album was Young's second for Blue Note, following on from Into Somethin'.

<i>Sweet Rain</i> 1967 studio album by Stan Getz

Sweet Rain is a jazz album by Stan Getz, released on the Verve record label in 1967.

<i>My Spanish Heart</i> 1976 studio album by Chick Corea

My Spanish Heart is an album recorded by Chick Corea and released in 1976.

<i>The Mad Hatter</i> (album) 1978 studio album by Chick Corea

The Mad Hatter is an album by Chick Corea. Released in 1978, it is a concept album inspired by Lewis Carroll's novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

<i>The Leprechaun</i> (Chick Corea album) 1976 studio album by Chick Corea

The Leprechaun is an album by Chick Corea recorded and released in 1976.

<i>Friends</i> (Chick Corea album) 1978 studio album by Chick Corea

Friends is an album by Chick Corea.

<i>Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins</i> 1963 album by Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins is a jazz album by Duke Ellington and Coleman Hawkins that was recorded on August 18, 1962 and released in February 1963 by Impulse! Records.

<i>Rendezvous in New York</i> 2003 studio album by Chick Corea

Rendezvous in New York is an album by American pianist Chick Corea, released on April 22, 2003, on Corea's own Stretch Records, as a two-CD set. The recording took place at the Blue Note club in New York City over the course of three weeks that marked the 60th anniversary of Corea, with nine different groups, comprising artists such as Bobby McFerrin, Gary Burton, and Michael Brecker. The song Matrix was awarded a Grammy Award for "Best Jazz Instrumental Solo" in 2003.

<i>Echoes of an Era</i> 1982 studio album by Chaka Khan et al.

Echoes of an Era is an album by American R&B/jazz singer Chaka Khan, Joe Henderson, Freddie Hubbard, Chick Corea, Stanley Clarke and Lenny White, released in 1982 on Elektra Records.

<i>Again and Again</i> (Chick Corea album) 1983 studio album by Chick Corea

Again and Again is an album recorded by Chick Corea in 1982 in the middle of a South African tour and released in 1983.

<i>Steps Ahead</i> (album) 1983 studio album by Steps Ahead

Steps Ahead is the second album by the American jazz group Steps Ahead, released on Elektra/Musician in 1983. The group had previously released three albums under the name Steps on Nippon Columbia, with Don Grolnick on piano and Steve Gadd on drums on "Smokin' in the Pit" and "Step by Step".

<i>Triplicate</i> (Dave Holland album) 1988 studio album by Dave Holland Trio

Triplicate is a studio album by British jazz bassist Dave Holland released on the ECM label in 1988.

<i>Circulus</i> (album) 1978 studio album by Chick Corea

Circulus is a double LP by jazz pianist Chick Corea, featuring performances recorded in 1970 by what would become known as the group Circle, which was first released on the Blue Note label in 1978.

<i>Easy as Pie</i> (Gary Burton album) 1981 studio album by Gary Burton Quartet

Easy as Pie is an album by vibraphonist Gary Burton recorded in 1980 and released on the ECM label in 1981.

<i>Is</i> (album) 1969 studio album by Chick Corea

Is is a 1969 Solid State Records studio album by Chick Corea. In 2002, Blue Note Records re-released all tracks from this album, together with all tracks from 1969's Sundance and alternate takes from both albums as The Complete "Is" Sessions.

<i>The Vigil</i> (album) 2013 studio album by Chick Corea

The Vigil is an album recorded by Chick Corea and released sixth of August 2013. In the Billboard Jazz albums charts the album peaked at number 4. The album won the Latin Grammy Award for Best Latin Jazz Album at the 15th Annual Latin Grammy Awards.

<i>Mezgo</i> 1986 studio album by Eddie Gómez

Mezgo is an album by bassist Eddie Gómez recorded in Tokyo in 1985 and originally released on the Japanese Epic label the following year before being released worldwide as Discovery on Columbia.

References

  1. Yanow, Scott. "Chick Corea - Three Quartets (1981) album review | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  2. Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 51. ISBN   0-394-72643-X.
  3. 1 2 "Chick Corea - Three Quartets (1981) | Awards | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
AllMusic Online music database

AllMusic is an online music database. It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musical artists and bands. It launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web.

Discogs Website and crowdsourced database about audio recordings

Discogs is a website and crowdsourced database of information about audio recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases. The Discogs servers, currently hosted under the domain name discogs.com, are owned by Zink Media, Inc., and are located in Portland, Oregon, US. While the site lists releases in all genres and on all formats, it is especially known as the largest online database of electronic music releases, and of releases on vinyl media. Discogs currently contains over 11 million releases, by over 5.4 million artists, across over 1.1 million labels, contributed from over 456,000 contributor user accounts — with these figures constantly growing as users continually add previously unlisted releases to the site over time.

Spotify Music streaming service

Spotify is a Swedish audio streaming platform that provides DRM-protected music and podcasts from record labels and media companies. As a freemium service, basic features are free with advertisements or automatic music videos, while additional features, such as improved streaming quality, are offered via paid subscriptions.