Three Rural Issues

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The Three Rural Issues, or San Nong (simplified Chinese :三农; traditional Chinese :三農; pinyin :sān nóng), refers to three issues relating to rural development in mainland China: agriculture, rural areas and farmers. The Three Rural Issues were first coined by economist Wen Tiejun in 1996, and were highlighted by Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao as areas of rural development in China that need work.

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At the 2006 National People's Congress, the Three Rural Issues were especially emphasized throughout Wen Jiabao's speech on the workings of the government in 2005 and the direction of the government for the year 2006. In the rural areas, agricultural reforms had made the peasants better-off until the 1990s when land supply became insufficient and the cost of the means of production was soaring. As a result, the income of the peasants was greatly reduced. Today, the "three problem of peasantry, rural areas and agriculture" are still a major concern of the government.

Content

Issue of Agriculture

In general, the issue is how to industrialize agriculture in China.

It includes:

Issue of Rural Areas

This is particularly reflected in the disparity of economic and cultural development between urban and rural areas. It is mainly caused by the dual segmentation based on the household registration system.

Issue of Farmers

It includes improving the income level of farmers, alleviating burdens of farmers, increasing the cultural qualities of farmers, and safeguarding the rights of farmers.

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