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The Three Tuathas (Irish : Na Teora Tuatha) was a name of a kingdom consisting of three kingdoms in County Roscommon, Ireland lying between Elphin and the River Shannon. It extended from Jamestown on the River Shannon to the north portion of Lough Ree. It was divided into three kingdoms known as Cenél Dobtha between Slieve Bawn and the River Shannon; Corca Achlann to the west and Tir Briuin na Sinna to the north. The O'Monaghan's and O'Boyle's were rulers of the Three Tuathas in the 13th century.
Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic languages family, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family. Irish originated in Ireland and was historically spoken by Irish people throughout Ireland. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of habitual but non-traditional speakers across the country.
County Roscommon is a county in Ireland. In the western region, it is part of the province of Connacht. It is the 11th largest Irish county by area and 27th most populous. Its county town and largest town is Roscommon. Roscommon County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county was 64,544 according to the 2016 census.
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Corca Achlann (The People of Achlann), was once ruled by the Mac Branáin, a Uí Briuin sept, and the O'Mulvihil.
Concobhar, Conn, Diermait, Maghnus, et Muircertach: clann t-Sean m Echmharcaigh m Diermada m Eachmarcaigh m Cuinn m Eachmarcaigh m Branain (o Raiter m Breanain) m Duinn sithe m Murchada m Giolla crist m Echtigheirn m Aidit m Uromain m Mail michil m Nuadhat m Flaithniadh m Ona m Aenghusa m Erca deirg m Briain m Eachdach muidhmedhon.
Diarmaid m. Echmarchaigh m. Diarmada m. Echmharchaig m. Cuind m. Echmharcaig m. Branan m. Gilla Crist m. Cuind m. Echmharcaig m. Branan m. Duindtsidhe m. Murcaidh m. Gilli Crist m. Echthigern m. Aidith m. Uramhan m. Mailmhichil m. Nuagad m. Flaithniadh m. Ona m. Aengusa m. Earca derg m. Briain m. Ecach mugmedoin.
FM1088.8 mac Giolla Criost, mic Echtighern, toiseach Corcu Achlann.
FM1120.6 Branán mac Giolla Críost, taoiseach Corca Achlann, died.
FM1150.13 Diarmaid Mac Branáin, tigherna Corc' Achlann.
FM115.13, Branán Mac Branáin, toisech Corco Achlann.
Maolmichiall, son of Dungal, son of Tuathal, son of Fionnbeartach, son of Endadaidh, son of Faelan, son of Columan, son of Maoin, son of Muireadach, son of Murchada, son of Eoghain, son of Neill of the nine hostages.
(O'Hart says the O'Mulvihil where driven from county Roscommon (later medieval period) by the O'Connors to the lands of O'Brien in county Clare.)
Cenél Dobtha, Cenél Dofa or Doohy Hanly (Clann Dobtha), was once ruled held by the Ó hAinle (O'Hanly).
Lochlainn, Mail seclainn, Giolla na naem, Raghanll, et Cairpre riabach: clann Aedha m Conchobair m Domnaill m Iomair m Domhnaill m Amlaibh m Iomair moir m Muircertaigh (le frith an t-ech gel do bi ag Tadg ua Concobair) m Raghnaill catha briain m Murchada m Domnaill m Taidhg m Muircertaigh muirnigh m Ainlighe (o raiter muinter Ainlighe) m Urthuile m Maile duin m Cluitechair m Fuinis m Dothfa m Aengusa m Erca deirg m Briain m Echdach mugmedoin.
Aed & Imhar da mc. Concubair m. Domnaill m. Imhair m. Domnaill m. Amlaim m. Imhair mhoir m. Muircertaig le frit i tuac geal Taidhg m. Concubair m. Ragnaill catha Briain m. Murchada m. Domnaill m. Taidg m. Muircertaigh muirnigh m. Ainlidh o fuilet I Ainlidhe m. Uthaile m. Maeladuin m. Cluichechair m. Fuinis m. Dobhtha m. Aengusa m. Erca derg m. Briain m. Echac muigmedoin.
Tir Briuin na Sinna, Uí Briúin na Sionna or Tir Briuin na Shannon (The land of Shannon), was once ruled held by the O'Monaghan and the O’Beirne.
H. Maenachan is one of the families said to descend from Ona m. Aenghusa m. Earca derg m. Briain m. Echach mugmedoin
Tadg m. Donnchada m. Domnaill m. Gilli Crist m. Imhair m. Gilli Crist m. Mathgamhna m.
Domnall ocus Uilliam Dondchad & Tadcc Cairpri & Feradach Dunadach & Rosa & In Gilla Dub clann Mailechlainn m. Briain m. Taidc m. Dondchada m. Domnaill m. Gillacrist m. Imair m. Gillacrist m. Mathgamna m. Gillacomain m. Imair m. Gillananaem m. Domnaill m. Gillacrist m. Conconnacht m. Muircertaig m. Ciaba Gorma m. Muircertaig m. Birnn m. Cinaetha m. Ubain m. Uatach m. Aeda bailb m. Indrachtaig m. Muiredaig Muillethain
2. "Genealogies from the Book of Ballymote" transcribed by Luke Stevens.
3. "Selected genealogies from An Leabhar Donn" RIA MS 1233 (23.Q.10) transcribed by Luke Stevens 2003.
Uí Fhiachrach Aidhne was a kingdom located in what is now the south of County Galway.
West Connacht was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Galway, particularly the area known more commonly today as Connemara. The kingdom represented the core homeland of the Connachta's Uí Briúin Seóla kindred and although they ruled, there were smaller groups of other Gaels in the area, such as the Delbhna Tir Dha Locha and the Conmhaícne Mara. It existed from 1051 onwards, after the Ó Conchobhair, Kings of Connacht, pushed the Ó Flaithbheartaigh to the West of Lough Corrib, from their original territory of Maigh Seóla. Iar Connacht remained a subordinate túath of Connacht, until the 13th century, after which it was more independent.
Maigh Seóla, also known as Hy Briuin Seola, was the territory that included land along the east shore of Lough Corrib in County Galway, Ireland. It was bounded to the east by the Uí Maine vassal kingdom of Soghain and extended roughly from what is now Clarinbridge in the south to Knockmaa Hill in the north. Its rulers belonged to the Uí Briúin Seóla and are sometimes found in the annals under the title "King of Uí Briúin" and "King of South Connacht". The earliest identifiable kings belonged to the line that became the Clann Cosgraigh. However in later times the line which would become the Muintir Murchada, under the O'Flaherty chiefs, monopolized the kingship.
The Delbna or Delbhna was a Gaelic Irish tribe in Ireland, claiming kinship with the Dál gCais, through descent from Dealbhna son of Cas. Originally one large population, they had a number of branches in Connacht, Meath, and Munster in Ireland.
Conall Gulban was an Irish king and eponymous ancestor of the Cenél Conaill, who founded the kingdom of Tír Chonaill in the 5th century, comprising much of what is now County Donegal in Ulster. He was the son of Niall Noígiallach.
The Soghain were a people of ancient Ireland. Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh identified them as part of a larger group called the Cruithin, and stated of them: Of the Cruithin of Ireland are the Dál Araidhi, the seven Lóigisi of Leinster, the seven Soghain of Ireland, and every Conaillethat is in Ireland.
The Ó Dálaigh were a learned Irish bardic family who first came to prominence early in the 12th century, when Cú Connacht Ó Dálaigh was described as "The first Ollamh of poetry in all Ireland".
Cathal mac Conchobair was King of Connacht.
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, called Ruaidrí na Saide Buide was King of Connacht, perhaps twice.
Giolla Brighde Mac Con Midhe, or Gilbride Mcnamee was an Irish poet.
Clann Taidg was the name of a medieval cantred located in what is now County Galway, Ireland.
The Conmhaícne Mheáin Maigh or Conmaicne Mhein or Conmaicne Máenmaige or Conmaicne Críche Meic Erca, were an early people of Ireland, their tuath comprising the barony of Loughrea, in County Galway.
Muintir Murchada was the name of an Irish territory which derived its name from the ruling dynasty, who were in turn a branch of the Uí Briúin. The name was derived from Murchadh mac Maenach, King of Uí Briúin Seóla, who died 891.
Clann Fhergail was a cantred located in County Galway, comprising the baronies of Moycullen and Galway, the parishes of Oranmore and Ballynacourty and Rahoon.
The Northern Uí Néill is the name given to several dynasties in north-western medieval Ireland that claimed descent from a common ancestor, Niall of the Nine Hostages. Other dynasties in central and eastern Ireland who also claimed descent from Niall were termed the Southern Uí Néill. The dynasties of the Northern Uí Néill were the Cenél Conaill and Cenél nEógain, named after supposed sons of Niall: Conall and Eógain.
The Cenél nEógain or Kinel-Owen are a branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who claim descent from Eógan mac Néill, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. Originally their power-base was in Inishowen, with their capital at Ailech, in modern-day County Donegal in what is now the west of Ulster. Under pressure from the Cenél Conaill, they gradually spread their influence eastwards into modern counties Tyrone and Londonderry, pushing aside the Cruithin east of the River Bann, and encroaching on the Airgiallan tribes west of Lough Neagh. By the 11th century their power-base had moved from Ailech to Tullyhogue outside Cookstown, County Tyrone. By the 12th century the Cenél Conaill conquered Inishowen; however, it mattered little to the Cenél nEóghain as they had established a powerful over-kingdom in the east that had become known as Tír Eoghain, or the "Land of Owen", preserved in the modern-day name of County Tyrone.
The Cenél Conaill, or "kindred of Conall", are a branch of the Northern Uí Néill, who claim descent from Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and allegedly the first Irish nobleman to convert to Christianity. Their kingdom was known as Tír Conaill, with their powerbase at Mag Ithe in the Finn valley, however they gradually expanded to cover what is now counties Donegal and Fermanagh. The Cenél Conaill clashed regularly with their kin the Cenél nEogain, eventually capturing the latters original power-base of Ailech in the Inishowen peninsula—in modern-day County Donegal—by the 12th century.
Brian Breaghach Mág Samhradháin, was chief of the McGovern Clan of Tullyhaw, County Cavan from 1272 to 3 May 1294.
Niall Mag Samhradháin, was chief of the McGovern Clan and Baron or Lord of Tullyhaw barony, County Cavan from 1340 until his death in 1359.
Cú Connacht Mág Tighearnán was chief of the McKiernan Clan of Tullyhunco, County Cavan from 1383 until his death in 1412.