Three Way Piece No.2: Archer

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bronze, outside Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin, in October 2004 Henry Moore the Archer.jpg
bronze, outside Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin, in October 2004

Three Way Piece No.2: Archer is a large sculpture by the British artist Henry Moore. Two casts exist: cast 1 in Toronto, [1] cast 2 owned by the National Gallery, Berlin. [2] The work is 340 cm long and 325 cm high. [3] A plaster cast of the work was also made, and was shown in June 1965 at the Queen's Theatre in London as part of a memorial service to T.S. Eliot. [4]

Henry Moore English artist known for sculpture (1898 – 1986)

Henry Spencer Moore was an English artist. He is best known for his semi-abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. As well as sculpture, Moore produced many drawings, including a series depicting Londoners sheltering from the Blitz during the Second World War, along with other graphic works on paper.

National Gallery (Berlin) national gallery of Germany at Berlin

The National Gallery in Berlin, Germany, is a museum for art of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. It is part of the Berlin State Museums. From the Alte Nationalgalerie, which was built for it and opened in 1876, its exhibition space has expanded to include five other locations. The museums are part of the Berlin State Museums, owned by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation.

Queens Theatre theatre in the West End of London

The Queen's Theatre is a West End theatre located in Shaftesbury Avenue on the corner of Wardour Street in the City of Westminster, London. It opened on 8 October 1907 as a twin to the neighbouring Hicks Theatre which had opened ten months earlier. Both theatres were designed by W. G. R. Sprague.


The Finnish architect Viljo Revell asked Moore to create a sculpture in keeping with the flowing lines of his new Toronto City Hall on Nathan Phillips Square. The sculpture, although controversial when purchased in 1966 is now considered part of Toronto's civic heritage. [5] [6] The work was originally to cost $120,000; Moore eventually sold the bronze to Toronto for $100,000, on the condition that he could make a second cast for the National Gallery in Berlin. [7] The first bronze cast was exhibited for the first time in Arnhem, The Netherlands, in 1966; it was unveiled in Toronto on October 26 that year. [8]

Viljo Revell Finnish functionalist architect

Viljo Gabriel Revell was a Finnish architect of the functionalist school. In Finland he is best known for the design of the Lasipalatsi and Palace Hotel, both in Helsinki. Internationally, Revell is best known for designing the New City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Toronto City Hall city hall

The Toronto City Hall, or New City Hall, is the seat of the municipal government of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and one of the city's most distinctive landmarks. Designed by Finnish architect Viljo Revell and landscape architect Richard Strong, and engineered by Hannskarl Bandel, the building opened in 1965. It was built to replace Old City Hall, which had housed city offices since 1899. The current city hall, located at Nathan Phillips Square, is the city's fourth and was built to replace its predecessor which the city outgrew shortly after its completion. The area of Toronto City Hall and the civic square was formerly the location of Toronto's Old Chinatown, which was expropriated and bulldozed during the mid-1950s in preparation for a new civic building.

Nathan Phillips Square

Nathan Phillips Square is an urban plaza in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It forms the forecourt to Toronto City Hall, or New City Hall, at the intersection of Queen Street West and Bay Street, and is named for Nathan Phillips, mayor of Toronto from 1955 to 1962. The square was designed by the City Hall's architect Viljo Revell and landscape architect Richard Strong. It opened in 1965. The square is the site of concerts, art displays, a weekly farmers' market, the winter festival of lights, and other public events, including demonstrations. During the winter months, the reflecting pool is converted into an ice rink for ice skating. The square attracts an estimated 1.5 million visitors yearly. With an area of 4.85 hectares, it is Canada's largest city square.

Smaller models

The work had begun life in 1964 as a plaster maquette, probably based on a stone that Moore had collected. Many of Moore's maquettes for larger works were cast in bronze, but the maquette for the Archer never was. A medium-sized version of the sculpture, Working Model for Three Way Piece No.2: Archer, was cast in bronze in edition of seven, along with an artist's cast. The Working Model is 78 cm long and 79  high. The artist's cast is now owned by the Tate, which was presented the work by Moore in 1978. The bronze Working Model was first exhibited at the Marlborough Galleria d'Arte in Rome in 1965. [9]

Tate art institution in the United Kingdom

Tate is an institution that houses, in a network of four art museums, the United Kingdom's national collection of British art, and international modern and contemporary art. It is not a government institution, but its main sponsor is the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

A unique marble version of the Archer, about the same size as the Working Model (78 cm x 75 cm) was carved by Moore in 1965, and is owned by the Didrichsen Art Museum in Helsinki, which acquired the work in 1967. [10]

Didrichsen Art Museum

Didrichsen Art Museum is an art museum in Helsinki, Finland.

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Coordinates: 43°39′10″N79°23′02″W / 43.65283°N 79.3840°W / 43.65283; -79.3840

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.