South block of Hill Palace, Tripunithura
|• Body||Trippunithura Municipality|
|• Total||29.17 km2 (11.26 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||KL 39|
|Lok Sabha Constituency||Ernakulam|
Thrippunithura or Tripunithura is a prominent historical and residential region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. Located about 7 km (4 mi) from the city centre, Tripunithura was the capital of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin. The descendants of the Cochin royal family still live here. The Hill Palace situated in Tripunithura was the palace of Maharaja of Cochin, the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin. Tripunithura is also well known for its historical cultures and worldwide famous because of Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple and the annual festival Vrishchikoltsawam that takes place at the temple.
In local administration, it is a municipality named Tripunithura Municipality. In the state administrative structure, Tripunithura is part of the Ernakulam District in the state of Kerala.
Some latter day Sanskrit enthusiasts ascribe the origin of the name to "pūrṇa vēda puri" — the town of Vedas in its entirety. Another possible origin to name comes from the meaning "the land on the shores of Poorna river" above doesn't give sense. Thirupunithra = Thiru punitha thara (or Thiru Punitha Thura) means the land that which is holy(thara literally means a platform or an elevated stage). Pooni might also refer to the bag used to carry arrows.
The 'Raja nagari' or the royal city is one of the most prominent centers of traditional Kerala cultural heritage. The erstwhile rulers of Kingdom of Cochin were great patrons of art. This made fine arts and architecture flourish under them in many ways. The town is also a prominent centre of learning for classical arts like Carnatic music, Kathakali and Mohiniyattam besides percussion instruments like mridangam, chenda and maddalam. Much of this is facilitated by the RLV College of Music and Institute of Fine Arts was established here in 1956.Another center of learning is Kalmandalam. Tripunithura also has many dedicated centers for stage performances and promotion of art.
The famous Bhagavathi temple in Chottanikkara village is located just 5 km away from Thrippunithura towards the south-east.
There are many restaurants and hotels in and around Tripunithura. There are several eateries which offers excellent vegetarian choices and sweets. The Statue Junction of the town is filled with many refreshment centres including restaurants and juice bars. The main lodgings available are in Vadakkekota - Prasanth Hotel and also many others. The Abhishekam Convention Hall is one of the meeting halls available in Tripunithura.
Tripunithura has a population of 92,522.Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Thrippunithura has an average literacy rate of 94.34%, higher than the national average of 71.5%: male literacy is 97.37%, and female literacy is 91.52%. In Tripunithura, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Religion Hinduism 82.78%, Christianity 15.28%, Islam 1.35%.
Thrippunithura is administered by an elected municipal council headed by the chairperson. LDF is currently ruling the municipality with Chandrika Devi as its chairperson.
Tripunithura has many educational institutions which makes the place a good haven for education. Primary, High and Higher Secondary School education is available in many schools. The Government schools functioning in Tripunithura include the Government Sanskrit High School, Government Girls High School, Government Palace High School and Government Boys High School as well as private management schools like The Convent School and The Shree Venkiteshwara School.
There are also a few privately managed CBSE schools, namely, Bhavans Vidya Mandir, Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Sree Narayana Vidya Peetam Public School, the Nair Service Society (NSS) Higher Secondary School, The Choice School which function in various parts of the town to provide the necessary basics and also higher education for children. The landmark of the town is the RLV Music College which provides proteges with training in Classical music and has also produced many great singers most notably K.J Yeshudas.
Tripunithura also has colleges like the Sanskrit College, Chinmaya College of Arts Commerce and Science and the NSS College for Women.
Thripunithura is surrounded by stretches of Vembanad Lake and Canals which sustain inland navigation. The town is situated almost 8 meters above Mean Sea Level. The town is extends up to the East Till Thiruvankulam.
Tripunithura has a main bus-stand in its main centre with buses going from and coming into from different locations. Furthermore, it has bus-stops in almost every part of the town which makes travel by bus easier. Railway transport is also available. NH 85(Kochi Madurai highway) or Old NH 49 passes through Karingachira. Ernakulam-Ettumanoor State Highway(SH 15) also passes through Thrippunithura.
Tripunithura railway station is a major railway station in Ernakulam to Kottayam route with many passenger trains and express trains having a stop here.
Ernakulam is a district of Kerala, India. Situated in the central part of the state and spanning an area of about 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), Ernakulam district is home to over 9% of Kerala's population. Its headquarters is located at Kakkanad. Ernakulam district includes Kochi city, which is known as the IT and commercial capital of Kerala. The district is famous for its ancient Hindu temples, churches, and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state, Greater Cochin. Ernakulam district is the highest revenue yielding district and the district with the biggest number of industries in the state, and hence is called the financial, industrial and commercial capital of Kerala. Ernakulam district contributes to around 60% of the annual state revenue. It is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram. Ernakulam district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state.
Aluva is a municipality and a northern suburb of the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It is a part of the Kochi Metropolitan area and is situated around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center on the banks of Periyar River. A major transportation hub, with easy access to all major forms of transportation, Aluva acts as a corridor which links the highland districts to the rest of the state. Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 11.7 km from Aluva. Aluva is accessible through rail, air, metro along with major highways and roadlines.
Perumbavoor is a historic place located at Bank of Periyar in Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. It lies in the north-eastern tip of the Greater Cochin area and is also the headquarters of Kunnathunad Taluk. Perumbavoor is famed in the state for wood industries and small-scale industries. Ernakulam lies 30 km southwest of Perumbavoor. The town lies between Angamaly and Muvattupuzha on the Main Central Road (MC), which connects Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly through the old Travancore part of Kerala. Perumbavoor lies in the banks of rivers Periyar and Muvattupuzha.
North Paravur, formerly known as Parur, is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a northern suburb of the city of Kochi and is situated around 20 km from the city centre. It is also the first place in India to use electronic voting machine during the by-elections in 1982.
Adoor is one of the fastest growing towns in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala, India. It is the headquarters of Adoor Thaluk and Adoor Revenue Division.
Piravom is a municipality in Ernakulam district and a suburb of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. It is situated around 30 km South East of the Kochi city center and around 40 km north of Kottayam. Piravom is famous for historic Hindu temples and Syrian Christian churches and is believed as the birthplace of Adi Shankara. The town lies 20 km from Muvattupuzha. Piravom is located at the boundary between two districts, Ernakulam and Kottayam.
Puzhavathu is a place in Changanasserry town, in Kerala state. It is 1 km from Changanasserry bus stand and 2.5 km from railway station.
Thiruvankulam is a suburb of the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India. It is a part of Tripunithura Municipality and Kochi metropolitan area. In the days of the Kochi and Travancore kingdoms, Thiruvankulam was a border village. The Kavaleeshwaram stream, now a canal, separated the two kingdoms. The Kochi - Madurai National Highway passes through Thiruvankulam. It is a major fork junction on the highway from Kochi, going east towards Muvattupuzha and south towards Kottayam. Karingachira serves as a terminus of the Airport–Seaport road connecting Nedumbaseery and the Kochi port.
Ernakulam District is a district of the state of Kerala in southern India.
Hill Palace is an archaeological museum and palace located in the Tripunithura neighbourhood of Kochi city in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the largest archeological museum in the state and was the imperial administrative office and official residence of the Cochin Maharaja. Built in 1865, the palace complex consists of 49 buildings in the traditional architectural style, spreading across 54 acres (220,000 m2). The complex has an archaeological museum, a heritage museum, a deer park, a pre-historic park and a children’s park. The campus of the museum is home to several rare species of medicinal plants. Presently the palace has been converted into a museum by The Kerala State Archaeology Department and is open to public. The palace is about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the city centre and is approachable by road and rail.
Devaswom are socio-religious trusts in India that comprise members nominated by both government and community. Their aim is to manage Hindu temples and their assets and to ensure their smooth operation in accordance with traditional rituals and customs. The devaswom system notably exists in the state of Kerala, where most temples are either managed by Government of Kerala-controlled devaswoms or formed by private bodies/families. The properties of each temple are deemed to be the personal property of the presiding deity the temple and are managed through a body of trustees who bear allegiance to the presiding deity.
Poonithura is a region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It features one of the popular temples in Ernakulam and it has historical links to the Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple in Tripunithura.
K. Babu is an Indian politician and the former Minister for Fisheries, Ports and Excise, Government of Kerala. He represented Thripunithura constituency in Kerala from 1991 to 2016.
Irumpanam or Irimpanam is an important industrial region in the city of Kochi in the Indian state of Kerala. Located about 9 km (5.5 mi) from the city centre, it is a part of Tripunithura Municipality and lies between Tripunithura and Kakkanad. The Seaport-Airport Road passes through this place. Oil giants like Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum have plants located at Irumpanam.
Tripunithura railway station is a railway terminal located at Tripunithura, Kochi, in the Indian state of Kerala.The station is on the rail route between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Ernakulam Junction via Kottayam.
There are many stories that describe the origin of the word Thripunithura. Some latter day Sanskrit enthusiasts ascribe the origin of the name to "Poorna Veda Puri" - the town of Vedas in its entirety. Another possible origin to name comes from the meaning "the land on the shores of Poorna river".
K. G. Paulose is a Sanskrit scholar specialized in the dramaturgy of the Natya Shastra and Kooditaatam.
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