Throckley

Last updated

Throckley
Throckley Collage.jpg
Top Left:Throckley St. Mary the Virgin Church
Top Right: Dandy Cart of Throckley Colliery
Bottom: Throckley Hall
Tyne and Wear UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Throckley
Location within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ158668
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE
Postcode district NE15
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°59′46″N1°45′14″W / 54.996°N 1.754°W / 54.996; -1.754

Throckley is a village in the Newcastle upon Tyne district, in the county of Tyne and Wear, England, approximately 7 miles (11 km) west of Newcastle city centre. Hadrian's Wall passed through the village, its course traced by the village's main road, Hexham Road. [1] Throckley lies within the historic county of Northumberland.

Contents

Throckley was a colliery village, being adjacent to Throckley Colliery, but with the decline in the coal-mining industry the village has become more urbanised.

The English industrialist, philanthropist and historical Lord Mayor of Newcastle Upon Tyne, Sir William Haswell Stephenson was born in Throckley [2] and lived in the manor house Throckley Hall [3] with his wife and two children, located in the South West of the village. Stephenson owned much of the land surrounding Throckley and the coal pits. [4] He was Mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1875, 1884, and 1894 and Lord Mayor in 1902, 1909, 1910, and 1911. [5]

Other notable residents include William Brown, a consulting engineer in the 18th century, and part owner of Throckley Colliery, who was responsible for the construction of many colliery waggonways throughout the North East of England. As a youngster, George Stephenson worked on Dewley farm which lies to the north of the A69.

Throckley neighbours the villages of Newburn, Walbottle, Blucher, and across the border in Northumberland, Heddon-on-the-Wall. The village expanded with a number of new housing estates having been developed since the mid-2000s.

Amenities include a supermarket, car parts shop, a number of hair salons, social clubs and a working men's club, three care homes for the elderly, two churches, a solarium, funeral parlour, an optometrist, medical surgery, [6] a range of newsagents, a chemist, a Masonic hall, [7] and a primary school (Throckley Primary School).

Throckley's economy is also boosted by the presence of an industrial estate, home to Throckley Brickworks and Warmseal Windows.

Throckley Hall

Throckley Hall is the original Manor House of Throckley and remains to this day. Throckley Hall was constructed in c. 1820 and expanded in c. 1850. [8] Former Lord Mayor of Newcastle Upon Tyne, Sir William Haswell Stephenson was born in Throckley Hall, [3] then known as Throckley House, prior to its expansion in c. 1850 and renaming to Throckley Hall, as it continues to stand to this day. [9]

Sir William lived for many years in Throckley Hall with his wife Eliza Mary Bond and two children, Charlotte and Kate. [10]

Throckley Hall c. 1900 (top) & current photographs Throckley Hall.jpg
Throckley Hall c. 1900 (top) & current photographs

The Stephenson family continued to reside in Throckley Hall following the death of Sir William. Other notable residents included Major William Ernest Stephenson, [11] who held the rank of Major in the Northumberland Fusiliers of the British Army. [12]

Throckley Hall has been preserved and remains a private residence along with the associated land, [9] [13] which includes formal gardens surrounding the house as well as several acres of protected woodland and meadows. [14] Throckley Hall retains many original and antique features, with original plaster mouldings in the hallways as well as the formal state rooms: drawing room and dining room. Throckley Hall was featured on Antiques Roadshow in 1987. [15]

Sightseeing and scenery

Throckley itself, especially the Bank Top area, offers views over the Tyne Valley, and looking west, to the distant Pennines. The Guardian featured Throckley in the top fifty walks guide for 2007. [16]

Throckley Dene is a stretch of semi-natural ancient woodland in a steep-sided valley with Dewley Burn running through. National cycle route 72 passes through South Throckley, along the edge of the River Tyne before continuing West towards Wylam Village. [17] The South West region of Throckley contains other areas of ancient woodland, particularly around Throckley Hall and the tree-lined roads. [14] The South West and Western regions of Throckley are designated Green Belt areas. [18]

Throckley Pond lies south west of the village and is surrounded by woodland and meadows, several fishing platforms line the Northern shore of the pond and public footpaths extend South to the River Tyne and West towards Heddon-on-the-Wall. [19]

Civil parish

Throckley was formerly a township in the parish of Newburn, [20] from 1866 Throckley was a civil parish in its own right, on 1 April 1935 the parish was abolished and merged with Newburn. [21] In 1931 the parish had a population of 2332. [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hexham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Hexham is a constituency in Northumberland represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Guy Opperman, a Conservative. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wylam</span> Human settlement in England

Wylam is a village and civil parish in the county of Northumberland. It is located about 10 miles (16 km) west of Newcastle upon Tyne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Newcastle upon Tyne</span> Development of a city in North East England

The history of Newcastle upon Tyne dates back almost 2,000 years, during which it has been controlled by the Romans, the Angles and the Norsemen amongst others. Newcastle upon Tyne was originally known by its Roman name Pons Aelius. The name "Newcastle" has been used since the Norman conquest of England. Due to its prime location on the River Tyne, the town developed greatly during the Middle Ages and it was to play a major role in the Industrial Revolution, being granted city status in 1882. Today, the city is a major retail, commercial and cultural centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belsay</span> Human settlement in England

Belsay is a village and civil parish in Northumberland, England. The village is about 5 miles (10 km) from Ponteland on the A696, which links the village with Newcastle upon Tyne and Jedburgh. The population of the civil parish was 436 at the 2001 census, increasing to 518 at the 2011 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elswick, Newcastle upon Tyne</span> District of Newcastle upon Tyne, England

Elswick is a district and electoral ward of the city and metropolitan borough of Newcastle upon Tyne, in the county of Tyne and Wear, England, 1.9 miles west of the city centre, bordering the River Tyne. Historically in Northumberland, Elswick became part of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1835. Elswick is home to the Newcastle Utilita Arena; and Newcastle College, with approximately 45,000 students.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newburn</span> Human settlement in England

Newburn is a village and district of Newcastle upon Tyne, in Tyne and Wear, England. Situated on the North bank of the River Tyne, it is built rising up the valley from the river. It is situated approximately 5 miles (8 km) from the city centre, 14 miles (23 km) east of Hexham and 13 miles (21 km) south south west of Morpeth. In the 2001 census, the population was given as 9,301, increasing to 9,536 at the 2011 Census. Newburn is in the Newcastle upon Tyne district of Tyne and Wear and is part of the parliamentary constituency of Newcastle upon Tyne North.

Stella is a community in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. It lies on the south bank of the Tyne, about 5 miles (8 km) west of central Newcastle upon Tyne, between Blaydon and Ryton. The area includes the Stella Park housing estate, built on the grounds of a mansion of the same name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Heddon-on-the-Wall</span> Village in Northumberland, England

Heddon-on-the-Wall is a village in Northumberland, England, located on Hadrian's Wall. Heddon-on-the-Wall is roughly 9 miles (14 km) west of the centre of Newcastle upon Tyne, and just outside Throckley. The place-name 'Heddon' means 'hill where heather grew'.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Darras Hall</span> Human settlement in England

Darras Hall is an upland housing estate located in the village of Ponteland. It is on the southwestern outskirts of the village, 7.4 miles (11.9 km) northwest of Newcastle upon Tyne. It is generally regarded as the most expensive and exclusive place to live in the North East of England and is home to numerous celebrities, professional footballers and some of the region's most powerful business leaders.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coxlodge</span> Human settlement in England

Coxlodge is an area situated between Fawdon, Gosforth and Kenton in Newcastle upon Tyne, in the county of Tyne and Wear, England. Until 1974 it was in Northumberland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Horsley, Northumberland</span> Human settlement in England

Horsley is a small village and civil parish in Northumberland, England. The village lies around 11 miles (18 km) from Newcastle upon Tyne and 12 miles (19 km) from Hexham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tyne Valley line</span> Railway line in north of England

The Tyne Valley Line is a 58-mile (93 km) route, linking Newcastle upon Tyne with Hexham and Carlisle, England. The line follows the course of the River Tyne through Tyne and Wear and Northumberland. Five stations and two viaducts on the route are listed structures.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scotswood, Newburn and Wylam Railway</span>

The Scotswood, Newburn and Wylam Railway was a railway company that built the 6+12 miles (10.5 km) North Wylam branch or North Wylam loop on the former Newcastle & Carlisle Railway. The loop line opened between 1871 and 1876 and followed the former Wylam waggonway past the cottage where George Stephenson was born. The company was taken over by the North Eastern Railway in 1883.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milecastle 12</span>

Milecastle 12 (Heddon) was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. Its remains lay under Town Farm, Heddon-on-the-Wall, (just opposite the farm house) with nothing visible on the surface.

Newburn Steelworks was a large steel mill on the banks of the River Tyne at Newburn, near Newcastle upon Tyne, North East England.

William Bigge (1707–1758) was an English lawyer, landowner and colliery owner.

William Brown (1717-1782) - or William Brown of Throckley as he was sometimes known - was an English mining engineer, waggonway constructor and steam engine builder who played a major role in the development of the coal mining industry in the North East of England and also elsewhere in Britain and Ireland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Haswell Stephenson</span>

Sir William Haswell Stephenson (1836-1918) was an English industrialist, Methodist and philanthropist, and mayor of Newcastle upon Tyne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Throckley Hall</span> Historical Manor House

Throckley Hall is a privately owned 19th century Manor House and gardens located about 6 miles (9 km) west of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, within the village of Throckley. It has been privately owned throughout it's history, having been originally owned by Sir William Haswell Stephenson.

References

  1. "Hadrian's Wall and vallum from Throckley to East Town House, Heddon-on-the-Wall in wall mile 11, Non Civil Parish - 1010616 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  2. "Stephenson, Sir William Haswell, DL, DCL". A Dictionary of Methodism in Britain and Ireland.
  3. 1 2 "FreeCEN -General Register Office: 1861 Census Returns database". FreeCEN. Free UK Genealogy.
  4. "William Haswell Stephenson (1836-1918), Businessman and Civic Leader". Philanthropy North East.
  5. "Mayors and Sheriffs 1216 to date" (PDF). Newcastle City Council.
  6. "Throckley Primary Care".
  7. "Throckley Masonic Hall". Northumberlandmasons.org. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  8. "View map: Ordnance Survey, Northumberland XCVI - Ordnance Survey Six-inch England and Wales, 1842-1952". National Library of Scotland. 1864. 1864.
  9. 1 2 "Throckley Hall - View Land and Property Information". HM Land Registry, GOV.UK.
  10. Archives, UK National Archives Newcastle City Library (1851), English: Page 19 of UK Census 1851. Throckley Village Area. , retrieved 27 June 2023
  11. Chronicle, Newcastle Evening (1912), English: Microfiche from Newcastle City Library archives. Newcastle Chronicle. Article depicting Major Stephenson of Throckley Hall. , retrieved 2 July 2023
  12. "Medal card of Stephenson, William Ernest | Corps: Northumberland Fusiliers". The National Archives.
  13. "Land Associated with Throckley Hall - View Land and Property Information". HM Land registry, GOV.UK.
  14. 1 2 "Tree Preservation - Throckley Hall, TPO Ref: 1995/010". Newcastle.gov.uk, TPO Register.
  15. "BBC TV Guide, Antiques Roadshow Season 9 Episodes". Tvguide.com.
  16. "Throckley - Newcastle, City of Newcastle". The Guardian. 2 June 2007. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 1 September 2023.
  17. "OpenCycleMap.org - the OpenStreetMap Cycle Map". www.opencyclemap.org. Retrieved 27 June 2023.
  18. "Section 3 Strategic Policies - Policy CSUCP CS1, CS19 Green Belt" (PDF). Newcastle City Council.
  19. "FootPathMap.co.uk - Throckley, South West". Map | FootPathMap.co.uk.
  20. "History of Throckley, in Newcastle upon Tyne and Northumberland". A Vision of Britain through Time . Retrieved 6 April 2023.
  21. "Relationships and changes Throckley Tn/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 6 April 2023.
  22. "Population statistics Throckley Tn/CP through time". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 6 April 2023.

Bibliography

Further reading