Throckmorton baronets

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Arms of Throckmorton: Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Crest: A falcon rising proper belled and jessed or. Mottos: (1): Virtus Sola Nobilitas (Virtue is the only nobility); (2): Moribus Antiquis (With ancient manners) ThrockmortonArms.png
Arms of Throckmorton: Gules, on a chevron argent three bars gemelles sable. Crest: A falcon rising proper belled and jessed or. Mottos: (1): Virtus Sola Nobilitas (Virtue is the only nobility); (2): Moribus Antiquis (With ancient manners)

There have been two baronetcies created for different branches of the Throckmorton family, 6th cousins, both descended from Sir John Throckmorton (d. 1445), Under-Treasurer of England temp. King Henry VI (1422–1461). Both titles, which were in the Baronetage of England, are now extinct. The Throckmortons, originally of Throckmorton near Pershore, Worcestershire, trace their history back to the 12th century. In 1409 Sir John de Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England, married Eleanor Spinney (or Spiney or Spinetti or de la Spine), daughter and heiress of Guy Spinney of Coughton, Warwickshire, where the senior branch of the family, which bore the junior baronetcy, became established. [2] The Coughton estate included in 1968 a dower house named "Spiney House, Coughton", [3] named after that family. Both branches were mostly determined Roman Catholics and members of the senior line were involved in or connected with pre-reformation plots and conspiracies including the Throckmorton Plot of 1583 and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Henry VI of England 15th-century King of England and Duke of Aquitaine

Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months upon his father's death, and succeeded to the French throne on the death of his maternal grandfather Charles VI shortly afterwards.

Throckmorton, Worcestershire a village located in Wychavon, United Kingdom

Throckmorton is a small village and civil parish in the administrative district of Wychavon, in the county of Worcestershire, England.

Pershore town in Worcestershire, England

Pershore is a market town in Worcestershire, England, on the banks of the River Avon. Pershore is in the Wychavon district and is part of the West Worcestershire parliamentary constituency. At the 2011 census the population was 7,125. The town is best known for Pershore Abbey, Pershore College, and the plums and pears grown locally.

Contents

The senior Throckmorton Baronetcy, of Tortworth in the County of Gloucester, was created in the Baronetage of England on 29 June 1611 for William Throckmorton(d. 1628), of Coss Court, Tortworth, Gloucestershire, 6th in descent from John Throckmorton, younger son of Sir John Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England. The third Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire and Wotton Basset. The title became extinct on the death of the fourth Baronet in 1682. [4]

Tortworth village in the United Kingdom

Tortworth is a small village and civil parish, near Thornbury in Gloucestershire, England. It has a population of 147 as of 2011. It lies on the B4509 road, which crosses the M5 motorway to the west of Tortworth.

Gloucestershire County of England

Gloucestershire is a county in South West England. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills, part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn, and the entire Forest of Dean.

The constituency of Gloucestershire was a UK Parliamentary constituency. After it was abolished under the 1832 Electoral Reform Act, two new constituencies, West Gloucestershire and East Gloucestershire, were created.

The junior Throckmorton Baronetcy, of Coughton in the County of Warwick, was created in the Baronetage of England on 1 September 1642 for Robert Throckmorton (d. 1650), of Coughton Court, near Alcester, Warwickshire, 6th in descent from Thomas Throckmorton of Coughton, eldest son of Sir John Throckmorton, Under-Treasurer of England. Elizabeth Throckmorton was the wife of Sir Walter Raleigh. Although Royalist sympathisers during the Civil War the family was one of very few recusant families to survive the turbulent 16th and 17th centuries with their estates intact. The sixth Baronet assumed the additional surname of Courtenay in 1792 on inheriting the Courtenay estates of Molland, Devon, through his mother. However, none of his successors have used this surname. The eighth Baronet was Member of Parliament for Berkshire. The title became extinct on the death of the twelfth Baronet in 1994. However, the Throckmorton family is still resident at Coughton Court as tenants of the National Trust.

Coughton Court Grade I listed historic house museum in Stratford-on-Avon, United Kingdom

Coughton Court is an English Tudor country house, situated on the main road between Studley and Alcester in Warwickshire. It is a Grade I listed building.

Alcester town

Alcester is a market town and civil parish of Roman origin at the junction of the River Alne and River Arrow in Warwickshire, England, approximately 8 miles (13 km) west of Stratford-upon-Avon, and 8 miles south of Redditch, close to the Worcestershire border. The 2011 census recorded a population of 6,273.

Warwickshire County of England

Warwickshire is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick, although the largest town is Nuneaton. The county is famous for being the birthplace of William Shakespeare.

Throckmorton baronets, of Tortworth (1611)

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet English Royalist soldier

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet, of Clearwell, Gloucestershire, supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War and was a Member of Parliament for Gloucestershire from 1661 until his death on 28 May 1664.

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Baronet Member of the Parliament of England

Sir Baynham Throckmorton, 3rd Baronet of Clearwell, Gloucestershire was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1656 and 1679.

Throckmorton baronets, of Coughton (1642)

Sir Robert Throckmorton, 1st Baronet English noble

Sir Robert Throckmorton, 1st Baronet (1599–1650) was created a baronet, of Coughton, co. Warwick, on 1 September 1642.

Sir Francis Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet British Baronet

Sir Francis Throckmorton, 2nd Baronet (1641–1680), of Coughton Court, Warwickshire and Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire, was a member of a prominent English family of Roman Catholic dissenters.

Sir Robert Throckmorton, 8th Baronet English Whig and Liberal politician

Sir Robert George Throckmorton, 8th Baronet was an English Whig and Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1831 to 1835.

Other notable family members

Francis Throckmorton English Roman Catholic conspirator against Queen Elizabeth I

Sir Francis Throckmorton was a conspirator against Queen Elizabeth I of England in the Throckmorton Plot.

Nicholas Throckmorton 16th-century English diplomat and politician

Sir Nicholas Throckmorton was an English diplomat and politician, who was an ambassador to France and later Scotland, and played a key role in the relationship between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots.

John Throckmorton 16th-century English politician and lawyer

Sir John Throckmorton was a lawyer and member of the English Parliament during the reign of Queen Mary I. He was also a witness to Queen Mary's will.

Notes

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.792
  2. Maclean, Sir John (ed.) The Visitation of the County of Gloucestershire Taken in the Year 1623 by Henry Chitty and John Phillipot, London, 1885, pp. 162–3 pedigree of Throckmorton of Tortworth & Clearwell
  3. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.792 lists Spiney House as residence in 1968 of Geoffrey Throckmorton, a son of the 10th baronet
  4. George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage 1900

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References

Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Wynn baronets
Throckmorton baronets
29 June 1611
Succeeded by
Worsley baronets