Thryssa malabarica

Last updated

Malabar Thryssa
Engraulis malabaricus Achilles 157.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Engraulidae
Genus: Thryssa
Species:T. malabarica
Binomial name
Thryssa malabarica
(Bloch, 1795)
  • Clupea malabaricusBloch, 1795
  • Clupea malabaricaBloch, 1795
  • Thrissocles malabaricus(Bloch, 1795)
  • Thryssa cuvieri(Swainson, 1839)

Gautama thryssa (Thryssa malabarica), also known as Malbar anchovy, is a species of amphidromous ray-finned fish in the family Engraulidae. [1] It is known as Balal parattaya - බළල් පරට්ටයා in Sri Lanka.

Actinopterygii class of fishes

Actinopterygii, or the ray-finned fishes, constitute a class or subclass of the bony fishes.

Sri Lanka Island country in South Asia

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is historically and culturally intertwined with the Indian subcontinent, but is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.



It is distributed throughout the Indian Ocean of coast of India, Sri Lanka, and possibly Pakistan. It is a small schooling fish found in depth of 20-50m. Maximum length do not exceed 17.5 cm. The fish lack dorsal soft rays and only present 34 to 38 anal soft rays. There are 23 to 26 keeled scutes on belly. The characteristic feature to identify the fish is the presence of a dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening, and spots on cheeks and paired fins. Gill arches are pinky orange in color.

Indian Ocean The ocean between Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica (or the Southern Ocean)

The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi). It is bounded by Asia on the north, on the west by Africa, on the east by Australia, and on the south by the Southern Ocean or, depending on definition, by Antarctica.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Shoaling and schooling

In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling, and if the group is swimming in the same direction in a coordinated manner, they are schooling. In common usage, the terms are sometimes used rather loosely. About one quarter of fish species shoal all their lives, and about one half shoal for part of their lives.

See also

Related Research Articles

Clupeiformes order of fishes

Clupeiformes is the order of ray-finned fish that includes the herring family, Clupeidae, and the anchovy family, Engraulidae. The group includes many of the most important forage and food fish.

Double-lined mackerel species of fish

The double-lined mackerel, is a species of Spanish mackerel in the family Scombridae. This species is sometimes also called the scad mackerel.

Rainbow sardine species of fish

The rainbow sardine, also known as common sprat, dwarf round herring, rainbow herring, and sharpnosed sprat , is a bony fish important to aquaculture and commercial fisheries.

Jean-Jacques Dussumier French zoologist and merchant

Jean-Jacques Dussumier (1792–1883) was a French voyager and merchant from Bordeaux. He is known as a collector of zoological species from southern Asia and regions around the Indian Ocean between 1816 and 1840. These collections were later studied and classified by French zoologists such as Georges Cuvier, Achille Valenciennes, among others. Dussumier's name was lent to numerous species, and an entire genus of herrings is called Dussumieria. The following is a list of zoological species associated with Dussumier:

Freshwater anchovy species of fish

The freshwater anchovy is a species of fish in the Engraulidae family. It is endemic to Australia. Often mistaken for a Minnow.

<i>Thryssa</i> genus of fishes

Thryssa is a genus of anchovies in the Engraulidae family. It contains the following species:

Razorback scabbardfish species of fish

The razorback scabbardfish, Assurger anzac, is a rare species of cutlassfish, family Trichiuridae, and the only member of its genus. It has been caught from scattered locations worldwide: in the Atlantic Ocean it is known from off Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and the Walvis Ridge, in the Indian Ocean it is known from off western Australia, and in the Pacific Ocean it is known from off New Guinea, southern Japan, Midway Island, California, and the Nazca and Sala y Gomez Ridges. Adults are thought to be benthopelagic, occurring at a depth of 150–400 meters (490–1,310 ft), while juveniles are found near the surface or in midwater.

<i>Cynoglossus arel</i> species of fish

Cynoglossus arel, commonly known as the largescale tonguesole, is a species of tonguefish. The eyed side of the fish is uniform brown, with a dark patch on the gill cover, and its blind side is white. They are harmless to humans and predominantly feed on bottom-living invertebrates.

The white sardinella, also known as deep-bodied sardine, perforated-scale sardine or short-bodied sardine, is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella. It is an important food fish, which can be feed as dried, salted, or fresh forms.

Indian anchovy species of fish

The Indian anchovy, also known as Hardenberg's anchovy, is a species of oceanodromous fish in the Engraulidae family. It is known as Handalla (හැදැල්ලා) in Sri Lanka, where it is widely sold at most markets and supermarkets. It is widely used as a live or dead bait in tuna fishery.

Californian anchovy species of fish

The California anchovy or northern anchovy is a species of anchovy found in the Pacific Ocean, ranging from Mexico to British Columbia.

Korean mackerel species of fish

The Korean mackerel also known as the Korean seerfish, is a ray-finned bony fish in the family Scombridae, better known as the mackerel family. More specifically, this fish is a member of the tribe Scomberomorini, the Spanish mackerels. It has an Indo-Pacific distribution which extedns from the east coast of India and Sri Lanka along the Asian continental shelf to Sumatra then north tp Korea and Wakasa Bay in the Sea of Japan. This species is of minor commercial importance in some parts of its range where it is taken using gill nets and is marketed either fresh or dried-salted.The Korean mackerel is an important quarry species for the drift net fishery in Palk Bay and the Gulf of Mannar in India.

<i>Thryssa mystax</i> species of fish

The moustached thryssa, also known as Gangetic anchovy, is a species of oceanodromous ray-finned fish in the family Engraulidae. It is found in the tropical western Indo-Pacific region from India, Sri Lanka to Myanmar and south to Java, and Indonesia.

<i>Nematalosa nasus</i> species of fish

The Bloch's gizzard shad, also known as gizzard shad, hairback, long-finned gizzard shad, long-ray bony bream and thread-finned gizzard shad, are a widespread and common, small to medium-sized anadromous fish found in all marine, freshwater and brackish waters throughout Indo-West Pacific, towards eastward of Andaman Sea, South China Sea and the Philippines to Korean peninsula. Single specimen recorded from waters of South Africa. It was described by Marcus Elieser Bloch in 1795.

Stolephorus commersonnii species of fish

The Commerson's anchovy, also known as Devis's anchovy, long-jawed anchovy, Teri anchovy, is a species of anadromous fish in the Engraulidae family. It is known as Haalmassa in Sri Lanka, where it is widely used as a nutrient rich fish meat. It is widely used as a live or dead bait in tuna fishery.

False baelama anchovy, also known as New Jersey anchovy, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Engraulidae. It is found in the all marine, brackish and freshwater systems. It is closely related to Thryssa baelama, where the two different only by small structural aspects such as more caudal vertebrae and 1 or 2 keeled scutes without arms.

Gautama Thryssa, is a species of amphidromous ray-finned fish in the family Engraulidae.

<i>Cheilopogon nigricans</i> species of fish

Cheilopogon nigricans, the blacksail flyingfish, also known as African flyingfish, or leaping flyingfish, is a flying fish in the family Exocoetidae. It is an oceanodromous, plankton-eating marine fish which has commercial value.


  1. "Thryssa-malabarica".