Thu'ban ibn Muhammad

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Sadid al-Mulk
Thu'ban ibn Muhammad ibn Thu'ban
Fatimid Governor of Aleppo
In office
27 July 1024 30 June 1025
Appointed by Az-Zahir
Lieutenant Mawsuf (governor of the citadel)
Preceded by Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Thu'ban
Succeeded by Salih ibn Mirdas

Sadīd al-Mulk Thuʿbān ibn Muḥammad ibn Thuʿbān was the Fatimid governor of Aleppo between 27 July 1024 and 30 June 1025. Thu'ban was a Kutami Berber commander based in Cairo until he was assigned by Caliph az-Zahir (r. 1021–1036) to replace Thu'ban's brother, Sanad al-Dawla al-Hasan, as governor of Aleppo after al-Hasan died of illness. [1] Thu'ban was given the title sadid al-mulk (the right to kingship). [1] His rule over Aleppo was described as "unpopular" by historian Suhayl Zakkar. [1]

Fatimid Caliphate Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate

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Aleppo City in Aleppo Governorate, Syria

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In 1024 Salih ibn Mirdas, leader of the Banu Kilab, began attempts to wrest control of Aleppo. His forces sporadically clashed with Thu'ban's troops beginning in October 1024, [2] and in 22 November, Salih himself besieged the city. [2] After weeks of heavy clashes, Thu'ban was betrayed by Salim ibn Mustafad, the head of Aleppo's ahdath (urban militia), who opened Aleppo's Bab Qinnasrin gate to Salih. [2] The latter entered Aleppo on 18 January 1025, prompting Thu'ban to barricade himself in the former palace of Aziz al-Dawla at the foot Aleppo's citadel. [3] By 30 June, Salih's forces captured the palace and the citadel, and arrested Thu'ban. [4] When Salih returned to Aleppo in September, he freed Thu'ban in return for a payment, but executed Mawsuf, the Fatimid commander of the citadel. [5]

Salih ibn Mirdas Emir of Aleppo

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Zakkar 1971, p. 65.
  2. 1 2 3 Amabe 2016, p. 61
  3. Amabe 2016, p. 62.
  4. Amabe 2016, p. 63.
  5. Zakkar 1971, p. 98.

Bibliography

Preceded by
Al-Hasan ibn Muhammad
Emir of Aleppo
July 1024June 1025
Succeeded by
Salih ibn Mirdas