Thuật hoài

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Thuật hoài (literally: Express) is one of two poems which are still exist of Phạm Ngũ Lão (1255-1320), a famous general of Trần dynasty.

Phạm Ngũ Lão (1255–1320) was a general of the Trần Dynasty during the reigns of three successive emperors Nhân Tông, Anh Tông and Minh Tông. His talent was noticed by Prince Hưng Đạo Trần Quốc Tuấn who married his adopted daughter to Phạm Ngũ Lão and recommended him for the royal court. Renowned as a prominent general in battlefield, Phạm Ngũ Lão was one of the few commanders of the Vietnamese army during the second and third Mongol invasion who did not come from the Trần clan. After the war of resistance against the Yuan dynasty, Phạm Ngũ Lão continued to participate in numerous military campaigns of the Trần Dynasty in which he often succeeded. Today, Phạm Ngũ Lão is still considered one of the most capable military commanders of both the Trần Dynasty and history of Vietnam.

Trần dynasty dynasty of Vietnam

The Trần dynasty ruled in Vietnam from 1225 to 1400. The dynasty was founded when emperor Trần Thái Tông ascended to the throne after his uncle Trần Thủ Độ orchestrated the overthrow of the Lý dynasty. The final emperor of the dynasty was Thiếu Đế, who at the age of five years was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of his maternal grandfather, Hồ Quý Ly. The Trần dynasty defeated three Mongol invasions, most notably in the decisive Battle of Bạch Đằng River in 1288.


This is a seven-word four-line poem (Vietnamese: thất ngôn tứ tuyệt) written by Hán word. Its composition time is not known. [1]

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Thuật hoài
Hoành sóc giang sơn kháp kỷ thu,
Tam quân tì hổ khí thôn ngưu.
Nam nhi vị liễu công danh trái,
Tu thính nhân gian thuyết Vũ hầu.
Kept the spear transversely in homeland for many years,
Three Squad is as tough as tiger and leopard, Ch'i is strong enough to gulp a buffalo (or Ch'i is so strong that can overwhelm Taurus constellation).
As a man who did not pay honor doubt,
Then he will be ashamed to hear about Zhuge.


  1. It is thought to be composed in second Mongol Resistance (1285).

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