Thu Bồn River

Last updated

The Thu Bồn River (Vietnamese : Sông Thu Bồn) is a river in central Vietnam, located in Quảng Nam Province. From its source near the border of Quảng Nam and Quảng Ngãi provinces, it flows northwest through Bắc Trà My, Phú Ninh, Hiệp Đức and Quế Sơn districts; turning northeast, it forms the border between Đại Lộc district and Duy Xuyên district, before emptying into the South China Sea at Hội An.

The Thu Bồn valley was a centre of Champa culture from 700 until the Vietnamese conquest in 1471. [1] Cua Dai Chiem was the Champa port on the estuary of the river at Hội An. Today boat trips up river to Mỹ Sơn are one of Hội An's tourist attractions. [2]

Related Research Articles

Champa kingdom in South-East Asia

Champa or Tsiompa was a collection of independent Cham polities that extended across the coast of what is today central and southern Vietnam from approximately the 2nd century AD before being absorbed and annexed by Vietnamese Emperor Minh Mạng in AD 1832. The kingdom was known variously as nagara Campa in the Chamic and Cambodian inscriptions, Chăm Pa in Vietnamese and 占城 (Zhànchéng) in Chinese records.

Da Nang City in Vietnam

Da Nang is a class-1 municipality and the fifth-largest city in Vietnam by population. It is on the coast of the East Sea at the mouth of the Han River, and one of Vietnam's most important port cities. As one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it is under the administration of the central government.

Quảng Nam Province Province of Vietnam

Quảng Nam is a province in the Central region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Thừa Thiên–Huế Province to the north, the nation of Laos to the west, Kon Tum Province to the southwest, Quảng Ngãi Province to the southeast, the South China Sea to the east, and the city of Da Nang to the northeast. It is extremely famous for Quang noodles, Hoi An ancient town and My Son holy land.

Hội An City in Quảng Nam Province, Vietnam

Hội An, formerly known as Fai-Fo or Faifoo, is a city with a population of approximately 120,000 in Vietnam's Quảng Nam Province and noted since 1999 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Quảng Ngãi City in Quảng Ngãi Province, Vietnam

Quảng Ngãi is a city in central Vietnam. It is the township of Quảng Ngãi Province. Quảng Ngãi City borders Tư Nghĩa District to the south and west, Sơn Tịnh District to the northwest and Bình Sơn District to the north. It has an area of 160,15 km² and population of 260,252 inhabitants.

Trần dynasty Vietnamese dynasty

The Trần dynasty ruled Vietnam from 1225 to 1400. The dynasty was founded when emperor Trần Thái Tông ascended to the throne after his uncle Trần Thủ Độ orchestrated the overthrow of the Lý dynasty. The final emperor of the dynasty was Thiếu Đế, who at the age of five years was forced to abdicate the throne in favor of his maternal grandfather, Hồ Quý Ly. The Trần dynasty defeated three Mongol invasions, most notably in the decisive Battle of Bạch Đằng River in 1288.

Lý Nhân Tông Emperor of Đại Việt

Lý Nhân Tông, given name Lý Càn Đức, was the fourth emperor of the Lý Dynasty, reigning over Vietnam from 1072 to his death in 1128. Succeeding his father Lý Thánh Tông at the age of 7, during his early reign Lý Nhân Tông ruled with the assistance of his mother Ỷ Lan and the chancellor Lý Đạo Thành who were both considered competent regents and were able to help the emperor maintain the country's prosperity. Appreciated as a great emperor of the Lý Dynasty, Lý Nhân Tông made important contributions to the development of Đại Việt, especially for establishing Confucianism as the official philosophy of the state, creating Confucian-based imperial exams, and creating schools based on the Confucian system of learning During his 55-year reign, which was the longest reign for any Vietnamese monarch, Lý Nhân Tông also experienced several wars against Đại Việt's neighbours, the Song Dynasty and the kingdom of Champa in which the Lý–Song War (1075–1076) was the fiercest.

Quảng Bình Province Province of Vietnam

Quảng Bình, formerly Tiên Bình under the reign of Lê Trung Hưng of the Lê dynasty, is a province along Vietnam's north-central coast. The province has an area of 8,065.8 square kilometers and population of 857,818 inhabitants The province is bordered by the Laotian Khammouane Province to the west, the North Pacific Ocean to the east, Hà Tĩnh Province to the north and Quảng Trị Province to the south. Historically, this region belonged to Văn Lang and later the kingdom of Champa. Later it was claimed by both the Đại Việt and Champa and officially annexed into Đại Việt by Lý Thường Kiệt, a Lý dynasty general.

Hải Dương City in Thành phố Hải Dương, Vietnam

Hải Dương is a city in Vietnam. It is the capital of Hải Dương, a highly industrialized province in the Hanoi Capital Region and the Red River Delta in Northern Vietnam. Its name is Sino-Vietnamese for "ocean sun" (海陽). The city is at the midpoint between the capital Hanoi and major port Haiphong, and is part of the Northern Key Economic Zone. In 2019, Hai Duong city had a population of 507,469.

South Central Coast region of Vietnam

South Central Coast is one of the regions of Vietnam. It consists of the independent municipality of Đà Nẵng and seven other provinces. The two southern provinces Ninh Thuận and Bình Thuận are sometimes seen as part of the Southeast region. The Paracel Islands, and Spratly Islands, are also part of this region.

Đồng Hới City in Quảng Bình, Vietnam

Đồng Hới is the capital city of Quảng Bình Province in the north central coast of Vietnam. The city's area is 155.71 km2 (60.12 sq mi). Population as per the 2013 census was 160,000. It is served by National Highway 1A, the Đồng Hới Railway Station, and airport. By road, Đồng Hới is 486 kilometres (302 mi) south of Hanoi, 195 kilometres (121 mi) south of Vinh, 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Huế and 1,204 kilometres (748 mi) north of Hồ Chí Minh City. It borders Quảng Ninh District on the west and south, the South China Sea on the east, Bố Trạch District on the north.

Lệ Thủy District District in North Central Coast, Vietnam

Lệ Thủy is a district of Quảng Bình Province in the North Central Coast of Vietnam. The district borders Quảng Ninh District on the north, Vĩnh Linh District on the south, Laos on the west. Lệ Thủy central is 40 km south of the provincial capital Đồng Hới. The district government seat is Kiến Giang Township. The district area is 1420.52 km2, population: 140,804 (1998). Lệ Thủy District is home to Võ Nguyên Giáp and the family of Ngô Đình Diệm. Economy bases on agriculture, mainly rice culture. Mỹ Trạch massacre by French army happened here on 29 November 1947.

Bố Trạch District District in North Central Coast, Vietnam

Bố Trạch is a rural district in Quảng Bình Province. The district capital is Hoàn Lão township. Bố Trạch borders the capital city of Đồng Hới to the south-east and Tuyên Hóa District and Quảng Trạch District to the north, Quảng Ninh District to the south and Minh Hóa District to the north-west. Bố Trạch is home to Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park and has 30 communes and townships. As of 2006 the district had a population of 402,756. The district covers 2,123 square kilometres (820 sq mi).

Đại Lộc is a rural district (huyện) of Quảng Nam Province in the South Central Coast region of Vietnam. As of 2003 the district had a population of 158,052. The district covers an area of 586 km². The district capital lies at Ái Nghĩa. Dai Loc has 17 communes and a capital town Ái Nghĩa

Below is a list of Vietnamese exonyms for various cities and countries around the world. The list does not include Vietnamese-speaking areas and cities, including Vietnam itself. Cities in bold are the capital cities of their respective country. The Vietnamese exonym is after the name of the city in English. An asterisk [*] indicates a name that is still in common use.

Prince Chiêu Minh Trần Quang Khải (1241–1294) was the third son of Trần Thái Tông, first emperor of the Trần Dynasty of Vietnam. Being the younger brother of the Emperor Trần Thánh Tông and holding the position of grand chancellor of the Trần Dynasty for many years, Trần Quang Khải was one of the most important figures of the Trần family and the royal court during the reigns of emperors Thánh Tông and Nhân Tông. In the second war of resistance against the Mongol invasion, Trần Quang Khải and Trần Hưng Đạo were two key commanders of the Đại Việt army who helped the Emperor defeat the troops of Kublai Khan's son prince Toghan. Besides his military and administrative activities, Prince Chiêu Minh was also a famous poet and was credited as the creator of the dance of flowers. Today, Trần Quang Khải is still considered as one of the most famous historical figures of the Trần Dynasty and is worshiped in several temples in Vietnam.

Lâm Ấp was a kingdom from c. 200 to 750 AD in what is today central Vietnam. and was the precursor to the Champa kingdom in the same territory.

Trà Kiệu

15°49′18″N108°13′55″E

Naval history of Vietnam

Army and warfare made their first appearance in Vietnamese history during the 3rd millennium BC. Throughout thousands of years, wars played a great role in shaping the identity and culture of people inhabited the land which is modern day Vietnam.

The Battle of Duc Duc took place from 18 July to 4 October 1974 in Duc Duc District, Quảng Nam Province. The North Vietnamese made some minor territorial gains and suffered heavy losses, while South Vietnamese forces were severely weakened by the fighting.

References

  1. Andrew David Hardy, Mauro Cucarzi, Patrizia Zolese Champa and the Archaeology of Mỹ Sơn 2009 Page 49 "The northern Champa expansion meant that their territory, stretching at least from the Thu Bồn river to the pass at Ngang Pass (Porte d'Annam) bordered newly independent Vietnam in the last decades of the tenth century, and this led to the.."
  2. Trent Holden, Anna Metcalfe Lonely Planet The Cities Book: A Journey Through the Best Cities in the World p182-183 Hội An

Coordinates: 15°51′47″N108°16′59″E / 15.863°N 108.283°E / 15.863; 108.283