Thue Christiansen (born 25 February 1940 in Mârmorilik, North Greenland) is a Greenlandic Inuit teacher, artist and politician. Christiansen is best known as the designer of the current flag of Greenland, which was adopted on 21 June 1985.Christiansen also served as the Greenlandic Minister of Culture and Education from 1979, when Greenland was granted home rule, until 1983.
Greenland is the world's largest island, located between the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. It is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe for more than a millennium. The majority of its residents are Inuit, whose ancestors migrated from Alaska through Northern Canada, gradually settling across the island by the 13th century.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Greenland, including population density, ethnicity, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The politics of Greenland, a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, function in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the prime minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament Inatsisartut. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Greenland has full autonomy on most matters, except on policies and decisions affecting the region including negotiations with the devolved legislatures and the Folketing.
The flag of Greenland was designed by Greenland native Thue Christiansen. It features two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of centre. The top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white. The top half of the flag bears a slight resemblance to the Flag of Japan as a result. The entire flag measures 18 by 12 parts; each stripe measures 6 parts; the disk is 8 parts in diameter, horizontally offset by 7 parts from the hoist to the centre of the circle, and vertically centered.
The music of Greenland is a mixture of two primary strands, Inuit and Danish, mixed with influences from the United States and United Kingdom.
The Inatsisartut, also known as the Parliament of Greenland in English, is the unicameral parliament of Greenland, an autonomous territory in the Danish realm. Established in 1979, it meets in Inatsisartut, on the islet of Nuuk Center in central Nuuk.
Kalaallit make up the largest group of the Greenlandic Inuit and are concentrated in Kitaa. It is also a contemporary term in the Greenlandic language for the indigenous people living in Greenland. The Kalaallit are a part of the Arctic Inuit. The language spoken by Inuit in Greenland is Kalaallisut, also called Greenlandic.
Kalaallisut, or West Greenlandic, is the standard dialect of the Greenlandic language, spoken by the vast majority of the inhabitants of Greenland, as well as by thousands of Greenlandic Inuit in Denmark proper. Kalaallisut means "Greenlandic" and is virtually identical to modern standard Greenlandic. It was historically spoken only in the southwestern part of Greenland, i.e. the region around Nuuk.
The Danish Realm consists of Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. The relationship between these three parts is known as the unity of the Realm. Constitutionally, the Kingdom of Denmark, which encompass the realm, is a unitary sovereign state, but the Faroe Islands and Greenland have some autonomy to govern themselves.
Greenlandic Norse is an extinct North Germanic language that was spoken in the Norse settlements of Greenland until their demise in the late 15th century. The language is primarily attested through runic inscriptions found in Greenland. The limited inscriptional evidence shows some innovations, including the use of initial 't' for 'þ', but also the conservation of certain features which changed in other Norse languages. Some runic features are regarded as characteristically Greenlandic and when they are sporadically found outside of Greenland they may be suggestive of travelling Greenlanders.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greenland:
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the nation of Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland).
Greenlandic cuisine is traditionally based on meat from marine mammals, game, birds, and fish, and normally contains high levels of protein. Since colonization and the arrival of international trade, the cuisine has been increasingly influenced by Danish, British, American and Canadian cuisine. During the summer when the weather is milder, meals are often eaten outdoors.
Kujalleq is a municipality on the southern tip of Greenland, operational from 1 January 2009. The administrative center of the municipality is in Qaqortoq. The municipality consists of the former municipalities of southern Greenland, each named after the biggest settlement:
The Greenlandic Inuit are the indigenous and most populous ethnic group in Greenland. Most speak Greenlandic and consider themselves ethnically Greenlandic. People of Greenland are citizens of Denmark.
Blok P, in Nuuk, was the largest residential building in all of Greenland. It contained around 320 apartments and it is said that approximately 1% of the total population of the entire country lived in the building. The building was demolished on 19 October 2012.
Tunumiit are Greenlandic Inuit from Tunu, the eastern part of Greenland. The Tunummiit live now mainly in Tasiilaq and Ittoqqortoormiit and are a part of the Arctic people known collectively as the Inuit. The singular for Tunumiit is Tunumiu.
The Judiciary of Greenland consists of 4 district courts, the Court of Greenland, and the High Court of Greenland.
The High Commission of Denmark in Greenland is a Danish institution in Greenland.
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