Thul Hairo Khan

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A view of Thul Hairo Khan Thul Hairo Khan.jpg
A view of Thul Hairo Khan

The Thul Hairo Khan (Sindhi: ٺلھ هيرو خان) is a stupa of Buddhism, situated in Taluka Johi, Dadu District, Sindh , Pakistan close to village Hairo Khan [1] It is constructed with baked and unbaked bricks fixed with a material made from mud mixed water. The stupa is 50 feet high and 30 feet wide in size. The stair from north side of stupa leads to its top. The stupa has arched tunnel at ground level which crosses from north to south. It is believed that stupas like Hairo Khan were built in Sindh between 5th to 7th centuries AD. Thul of Hairo Khan appears be to series of discovered in other regions of Sindh. [2] [3]

Sindhi language Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia (Pakistan and India)

Sindhi, is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, spoken by the Sindhi people. It is the official language of the Pakistani province of Sindh. In India, Sindhi is one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the central government, though Sindhi is not an official language of any of the states in India.

Buddhism World religion, founded by the Buddha

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada and Mahayana.

Johi, Dadu

Johi is a small town of Dadu District, Sindh province, Pakistan which is located between Balochistan and the Sindh province border. Johi town is also Taluka of Dadu District. A civil hospital is also in Johi. Johi is commonly known as the historical area and has many villages like Haji Khan Hairo Khan, Bazmaal Khoso, Drigh Bala,Rajaghanda and many similar villages. It has many visiting places people here depend on the rain water and do crops as land is very rich in minerals. It has historical town Wahi Pandhi and at a distance of 50 km from Wahi Pandhi taluka Johi there is Gorakh Hill Station. which is situated in Kirthar Mountains Range and in mountainous area of Johi many water streams and hill torrents known as Nai Gaj, taqi, Nali and many other flow towards Kachho desert. Shiva Mandir Johi is one of the main old religious and sacred places in Johi town.



According to some accounts Buddhism spread in Sindh in 3rd century BC during the period of King Asoka of Maurya Empire.[ citation needed ]Chandragupta Maurya was founder of Maurya Empire who was supported by little kingdoms of Sindh and Punjab, Pakistan now provinces of Pakistan and he defeated Greek dominance there. [4] Sindh became division of Maurya Empire in 305 BCE and during Maurya Empire Buddhism thrived in Sindh at large,particularly through the realm of Asoka the great.[ citation needed ] Hiouen-Tsang who came to Sindh in 641 AD [5] and had recorded eighty-eight thousands stupas up to borders of Sindh. [6] Sindh was hub of Buddhism during Rai Dynasty. [7] Chach was a pioneer of Brahman dynasty of Sindh. His brother Chandar or Chandra was Buddhist. [8] According to Chach Nama, a first written source material on history of Sindh, during the monarchy of Rai kings together with Brahmans, Buddhiya country (division) was part of Sindh, [9] which indicates to Buddhism as dominant religion in Sindh. Buddhism remained and grew in every part of Sindh till 13th century AD [10] in Soomra dynasty of Sindh. Stupas were considered as sacred and religious remains of Buddhism. [11]

Maurya Empire empire

The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 187 BCE. Comprising the majority of South Asia, the Maurya Empire was centralized by the conquest of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and its capital city was located at Pataliputra. The empire was the largest political entity to have existed in the Indian subcontinent, spanning over 5 million square kilometres at its zenith under Ashoka.

Punjab, Pakistan Province in Pakistan

Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and it is the most populated province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region, it is bordered by the Pakistan provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. The provincial capital of Punjab is the city Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based.


The construction of Thul Hairo Khan is rectangular type. The measurement of round shaped top of stupa is 5’-11" while measurement of circumference is 14’0". The baked bricks used in stupa are of 11"x 6"x 2" size. Whereas, the baked bricks used in round shape like circle at the top of stupa are 11.6"x 2"x 5" in size. [2]


Thul Hairo Khan is located towards north of village Haji Khan Laghari in (Kachho) taluka Johi, [12] at distance of 10 kilometers and towards north-east of Johi Town at distance of 15 kilometer.At Latitude: 26°49'40.3", Longitude: 67°28'28.81


Kachho is desert of Sindh, Pakistan. . The Kachho is denoted from word of Sindhi language Kachh which stands for a lap or an armpit. The desert of Kachho is near the lap of Kirthar Mountains Range.History reveals that the area of Kachho desert including the Lake Manchar appeared in the result of flow of big branch of Indus River in earliest times which had been flowing from Kashmore-Kandhkot to Luki Mountains. It is spread over two districts of Sindh Province, Dadu District and Qambar Shahdadkot District. Kachho is rich in fertile soil and forests. The Kachho is affluent in archaeological and historical sites. The several historic and prehistoric remains of civilizations can be observed herein Kachho desert from Neolithic and Bronze Age to British period. The people cultivate many kind of crops in Kachho. Kachho depends on rains. If it rains Kachho becomes prosperous because people cultivate lands and crops which boost the economy of the region including whole country. Due to rains the water level too increases and an environment also becomes pleasant. Mostly, the trees are big reason for heavy rains and good environment of the area. Numerous trees of Kachho desert have been cutting for sell since last many years. Thus, the environment is very pretentious and water level is dropped from 150 feet to 450 feet. The wells dug by people now became dry. The people of several villages of Kachho suffer for fresh drinking water.

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