Thulung language

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Thulung थुलुङ
Region Nepalनेपाल, Indiaभारत
Native speakers
21,000 in Nepal (2011 census) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tdh
Glottolog thul1246 [2]

Thulung or Thulung luwa थुलुङ लुवा is a Kirati किराती language spoken in parts of Nepal and Sikkim. It is also known as Thulunge Rai, Thulu Luwa, Thulung La, Thulung Jemu, Toaku Lwa.



Thulung has subject-object-verb word order and does not use grammatical number. Like many SOV languages, it uses postpositions, genitives before nouns, and case suffixes. Thulung also places demonstratives and numerals before nouns. [3]


जाम(Jaam)food, rice
नानी(nani)(दिदी)elder sister
सानी(Sani)(बैनी)little sister
युम्पी(Yumpi)(कान्छ)little sister
निनी(Ninee)Aunt elder to dad
देब्दे(debde)Uncle Elder to Dad
चिसा(chisa)Uncle younger to Dad
वाआ(Waa)Elder Brother
लक/ल्वाक(Lwak)Younger Brother
कुकु(Kuku)Mother's Brother
हेङ्मा(Hengma)locally brew wine

Geographical distribution

Thulung is spoken in the following locations of Nepal, all of which are located in Province No. 1 ( Ethnologue ).[ citation needed ]

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  1. Thulung थुलुङ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Thulung". Glottolog 3.0 . Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. "Language Thulung". The World Atlas of Linguistic Structures Online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Retrieved 20 November 2020.