|21,000 in Nepal (2011 census)|
Thulung or Thulung luwa थुलुङ लुवा is a Kirati किराती language spoken in parts of Nepal and Sikkim. It is also known as Thulunge Rai, Thulu Luwa, Thulung La, Thulung Jemu, Toaku Lwa.
Thulung has subject-object-verb word order and does not use grammatical number. Like many SOV languages, it uses postpositions, genitives before nouns, and case suffixes. Thulung also places demonstratives and numerals before nouns.
|निनी(Ninee)||Aunt elder to dad|
|देब्दे(debde)||Uncle Elder to Dad|
|चिसा(chisa)||Uncle younger to Dad|
|हेङ्मा(Hengma)||locally brew wine|
Thulung is spoken in the following locations of Nepal, all of which are located in Province No. 1 ( Ethnologue ).[ citation needed ]
The Hayus (Nepali: हायु) are a member of the Kirant tribe speaking their own language, Wayu or Hayu. Little is known about them. They are Animist by religion. According to the 2001 Nepal census, there are 1821 Hayu in the country, of which 70.29% were Hindus and 23.61% were animists.
Kinnauri, also known as Kanauri, Kanor, Koonawur, or Kunawar, is a Sino-Tibetan dialect cluster centered on the Kinnaur district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Gurung-Kura is spoken by the Gurung people. The total number of all Gurung speakers in Nepal was 227,918. There is no distinction between Gurung as an ethnic group and the number of people who speak the language.
Dhut magar is a language spoken mainly in Nepal, Southern Bhutan, Darjeeling, India, and Sikkim, India, by the Magar people. It is divided into two groups and further dialect divisions give distinct tribal identity. In Nepal 788,530 people speak the language.
The Achang language is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang in Yunnan, China, and northern Myanmar.
The Bhotiya, also called Rongpa community is located in the trans-Himalayan regions of India and is much older than twelve decades. It has been suggested that the Rongpa community almost lost its existence. Anthropological evidence also suggests that the Rongpa have their own community history within Tibet and that the word "Rongpa" literally translates to "valley people". An alternative translation proposes that 'rang' refers to a rigid valley while 'pa' refers to the commuters.
Wambule is the language of the Wambule Rai, one of the Kiranti (किरान्ती) tribes of eastern Nepal. Wambule is spoken by more than 5000 people living around the confluence of the Sunkosi (सुनकोसी) and Dudhkosi (दूधकोसी) rivers near Kui-Bhir Hill. The Wambule-speaking area comprises the southernmost part of Okhaldhunga district, the westernmost part of Khotang district, the northernmost part of Udayapur district, and the northeasternmost part of Sindhuli district.
Yamphu is a Kiranti language spoken by the Yamphu, a Kiranti people of the Himalayas of Nepal. Tomyang (Chongka) is a recently discovered dialect spoken by only 20 people. Both it and Yamphe are distinct. Southern Yamphu is also considered to be Southern Lorung. These varieties are all closely related.
Chintang is an eastern Kiranti language spoken by 5,000 to 6,000 people in Chhintang and Ahale VDC's of Dhankuta District, Province No. 1, Nepal. Dialects are Mulgaun and Sambhugaon.
Khaling is a Kiranti language spoken in Solukhumbu district, Nepal and in India. It is one of the few Kiranti languages with tonal contrasts, which are of secondary origin.
The Bantawa Language, is a Kiranti language spoken in the eastern Himalayan hills of eastern Nepal by Bantawa ethnic groups. They use a syllabic alphabet system known as Kirat Khambu (Rai). Among the Kirat Rai people of Eastern Nepal, Sikkim, Darjeeling and Kalimpong in India. Bantawa is the largest language spoken. According to the 2001 National Census, at least 1.63% of the Nepal's total population speaks Bantawa. About 370,000 speak Bantawa Language mostly in eastern hilly regions of Nepal (2001). Although Bantawa is among the more widely used variety of the Bantawa language, it falls in the below-100,000 category of endangered languages. It is experiencing language shift to Nepali, especially in the northern region.
Pattani, natively known as Hendubhashe, also known as Manchati, Manchad kad, Patani, Mellog kad, Chamba Lahuli, Swangla, Songloboli or Changsapa Boli is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Kulung is a Kiranti language spoken by an estimated 33,000 people.
Shirō Yabu is a Japanese scholar of the languages of Burma. He is a professor emeritus at Osaka University. He joined the Department of Burmese language of Osaka University in 1982 as an assistant professor and worked there until 2009.
Yoshio Nishi was a Japanese scholar of Tibeto-Burman linguistics. He first studied linguistics while a student at the International Christian University (Tokyo) under the leadership of Roy Andrew Miller. After the master's coursework at the University of Tokyo and his time studying at Rangoon University, he taught at Kyushu University, Kagoshima University, Ehime University, and Kobe City University of Foreign Studies. In 1996 when the university newly founded the doctoral course at its graduate school, he was the only D-maru-gō professor of linguistics qualified to supervise doctoral students. He is now a professor emeritus at Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, and was nominated in 1993 as a distinguished professor at Central University of Nationalities in Beijing.
Baram is a critically endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Nepal. Speakers are shifting to Nepali. Dialects are Dandagaun and Mailung.
Kohi is a Sino-Tibetan language belonging to the Kiranti languages spoken in the Khotang district of Nepal. Like other Kiranti languages, it displays a fairly complex system of person-marking and stem alternations. No full description of this language exists, but Lahaussois provides some grammatical information, and stories have been archived at the Lacito Archive.
Mewahang (Meohang), or Newahang, is a Kiranti language spoken in Nepal. The eastern and western dialects are structurally distinct.
Manang, also called Manangba, Manange, Manang Ke, Nyishang, Nyishangte and Nyishangba, is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Nepal. Native speakers refer to the language as ŋyeshaŋ, meaning 'our language'. It is one of half a dozen languages of the Sino-Tibetan family. Manang and its most closely related languages are often written as TGTM in literature, referring to Tamang, Gurung, Thakali, and Manangba, due to the high degree of similarity in the linguistic characteristics of the languages. The language is unwritten and almost solely spoken within the Manang District, leading it to be classified as threatened, with the number of speakers continuing to decline. Suspected reasons for the decline include parents not passing down the language to their children, in order to allow for what they see as more advanced communication with other groups of people, and thus gain more opportunities. Due to the proximity of the district to Tibet, as well as various globally widespread languages being introduced into the area, use of the native language is declining in favor of new languages, which are perceived to aid in the advancement of the people and region.
Tilung is a moribund Kiranti language spoken in Nepal. According to Opgenort, Tilung occupies an independent position within the Kiranti language family, and can be placed roughly between the Western languages Thulung, Khaling and Dumi, on the one side, and the Southern Central Kiranti languages Kulung, Chamling and Bantawa, on the other. Even though Tilung is spoken directly to the south of the Wambule speaking area, Tilung and Wambule are not mutually intelligible. The Choskule and Dorungkecha "dialects" may be related languages.
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