Thumrait

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Thumrait
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Thumrait
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 17°40′01″N54°01′58″E / 17.66694°N 54.03278°E / 17.66694; 54.03278 Coordinates: 17°40′01″N54°01′58″E / 17.66694°N 54.03278°E / 17.66694; 54.03278
CountryFlag of Oman.svg  Oman
Governorate Dhofar
WilayatThumrait

Thumrait is a small town and wilayat (province) of the Dhofar Governorate in southern Oman. [1] In ancient times Thumrait was an important point on the Arabian peninsula's caravan routes.[ citation needed ] Frankincense trees, an important crop, used to grow in greater abundance in Thumrait than now. The main occupation of the people of Thumrait is the cultivation of fruit, vegetables and animal fodder.[ citation needed ]

Provinces of Oman

The administrative division of Oman contains Eleven Governorates (muhafazah):

Dhofar Governorate Governorate

The Dhofar Governorate is the largest of the eleven Governorates in the Sultanate of Oman in terms of area. It lies in Southern Oman, on the eastern border with Yemen's Al Mahrah Governorate. It is a rather mountainous area that covers 99,300 km2 (38,300 sq mi) and has a population of 249,729 as of the 2010 census. The largest city, as well as capital of the Governorate, is Salalah. Historically, the region was the chief source of frankincense in the world. The local variety of Arabic is Dhofari Arabic, which is quite distinct from that of the rest of Oman and from Yemen.

Oman Arab country in Western Asia

Oman, officially the Sultanate of Oman, is an Arab country on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Its official religion is Islam.

Contents

Military

Thumrait is notable for its Royal Air Force of Oman station. Originally an oil depot, RAFO Thumrait was created to establish air power in that region of Oman. The first Omani air unit based at Thumrait, equipped with Hawker Hunter FG.9 aircraft, was tasked with ground attack and intercept missions. 12 new SEPECAT Jaguar fighter-bombers were added to the base's complement to improve attack capabilities in 1977.

Royal Air Force of Oman Air warfare branch of Omans military

The Royal Air Force of Oman is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Oman

RAFO Thumrait airport in Oman

RAFO Thumrait air base is a military airport located near Thumrait, a town in Dhofar Governorate, Oman. The United States Air Force is a major current tenant of Thumrait Air Base.

Hawker Hunter aircraft

The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s. It was designed to take advantage of the newly developed Rolls-Royce Avon turbojet engine and the swept wing, and was the first jet-powered aircraft produced by Hawker to be procured by the RAF. On 7 September 1953, the modified first prototype broke the world air speed record for aircraft, achieving a speed of 727.63 mph.

RAFO Thumrait has been used by US, UK and Allied air forces to support operations during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm around the time of the Gulf War, and later in Global War on Terror operations in Afghanistan. Many current such operations now operate from Muscat International Airport, which is closer to the area of operations. [2]

Gulf War 1990–1991 war between Iraq and Coalition Forces

The Gulf War, codenamed Operation Desert Shield for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes. The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War or Iraq War, before the term "Iraq War" became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War.

Muscat International Airport International airport in Seeb city, Muscat goverorate, Oman.

Muscat International Airport, formerly Seeb International Airport, is the main international airport in Oman and is situated 32 km from the old city and capital Muscat within the Muscat metropolitan area. The airport serves as the hub for flag carrier Oman Air and Oman's first budget airline Salam Air features flights to several regional destinations as well as some intercontinental services to Asia, Africa and Europe.

Exercises held at Thumrait Air Base

In 2009, Indian Air Force pilots of ‘Flaming Arrows’ and ‘Cobras’, the two SEPECAT Jaguar Squadrons participated in joint exercises called ‘Eastern Bridge’ alongside the Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO)'s force of SEPECAT Jaguars and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcons at Thumrait Air Base. A subsequent Indo-Omani exercise, ‘Eastern Bridge-II,’ took place in 2011 at Indian Air Force Station Jamnagar (Gujarat). [3] [4]

Indian Air Force Air warfare branch of Indias military

The Indian Air Force (IAF) is the air arm of the Indian Armed Forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the airforces of the world. Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during armed conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Empire which honoured India's aviation service during World War II with the prefix Royal. After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, the name Royal Indian Air Force was kept and served in the name of Dominion of India. With the government's transition to a Republic in 1950, the prefix Royal was removed after only three years.

General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon Family of fighter aircraft

The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a single-engine supersonic multirole fighter aircraft originally developed by General Dynamics for the United States Air Force (USAF). Designed as an air superiority day fighter, it evolved into a successful all-weather multirole aircraft. Over 4,500 aircraft have been built since production was approved in 1976. Although no longer being purchased by the U.S. Air Force, improved versions are being built for export customers. In 1993, General Dynamics sold its aircraft manufacturing business to the Lockheed Corporation, which in turn became part of Lockheed Martin after a 1995 merger with Martin Marietta.

Climate

Thumrait has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very hot summers and warm winters. There is very little rainfall; some rain may occur from February to April, as well as June to August due to the monsoon.

Desert climate type of climate

The desert climate, is a climate in which there is an excess of evaporation over precipitation. The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates hold little moisture and evaporate the little rainfall they receive. Covering 14.2% of earth's land area, hot deserts may be the most common type of climate on earth.

Köppen climate classification widely used climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

Monsoon seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea. Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the rainy phase of a seasonally changing pattern, although technically there is also a dry phase. The term is sometimes incorrectly used for locally heavy but short-term rains, although these rains meet the dictionary definition of monsoon.

Climate data for Thumrait
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.6
(90.7)
35.0
(95.0)
38.6
(101.5)
41.0
(105.8)
43.6
(110.5)
45.4
(113.7)
45.0
(113.0)
46.0
(114.8)
43.8
(110.8)
40.0
(104.0)
34.4
(93.9)
32.0
(89.6)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F)25.7
(78.3)
28.1
(82.6)
32.3
(90.1)
36.0
(96.8)
39.2
(102.6)
40.6
(105.1)
37.1
(98.8)
38.2
(100.8)
37.6
(99.7)
34.7
(94.5)
30.2
(86.4)
26.1
(79.0)
33.8
(92.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70.0)
24.7
(76.5)
28.2
(82.8)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
26.7
(80.1)
23.0
(73.4)
19.5
(67.1)
26.1
(79.0)
Average low °C (°F)10.8
(51.4)
14.1
(57.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.2
(73.8)
24.9
(76.8)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
18.4
(65.1)
14.7
(58.5)
12.0
(53.6)
18.8
(65.7)
Record low °C (°F)1.6
(34.9)
5.8
(42.4)
8.7
(47.7)
14.1
(57.4)
16.6
(61.9)
21.2
(70.2)
21.2
(70.2)
19.5
(67.1)
17.1
(62.8)
12.0
(53.6)
9.0
(48.2)
5.0
(41.0)
1.6
(34.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)0.7
(0.03)
8.3
(0.33)
17.1
(0.67)
11.4
(0.45)
0.0
(0.0)
11.6
(0.46)
0.1
(0.00)
5.2
(0.20)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(0.02)
55
(2.16)
Average relative humidity (%)54534641434463585141475450
Source: NOAA (1980-1990) [5]

See also

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References

  1. "Total Population". National Centre for Statistics & Information, Sultanate of Oman. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  2. "Thumrait Air Base, Oman" . Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  3. "Indo-Oman Air Exercise Eastern Bridge-II Concludes," , "Livefist" blog
  4. "Indo Oman Air Exercise – Eastern Bridge – II Concludes at Jamnagar," . official Indian Air Force English language press release
  5. "Thumrait Climate Normals 1980-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved January 16, 2013.