The Thun und Hohenstein family, also known as Thun-Hohenstein, belonged to the historical Austrian and Bohemian nobility. One branch of the family lived at Děčín (Tetschen), Bohemia, for more than 200 years.
A feudal family originally from Ton, Trentino, formerly an Italian speaking part of Tyrol, today part of the Trentino province of Italy, the male line traces back to Manfreinus of Tunno in 1187.In 1469 they became hereditary Cup-bearers of the Prince-bishopric of Trento and in 1558 of the Prince-bishopric of Brixen.
All males of the family were granted the title of Baron in 1604, and Counts of the Holy Roman Empire ( Reichsgraf ) in 1629. The title of Prince was conferred upon the head of the family, along with the style of Durchlaucht (Serene Highness), in the Austrian Empire in 1911.They were hereditary members of the Austrian House of Lords, in right of possession of the entailed lordship of Tetschen since 1879.
In 1621 the family acquired The Chateau at Klášterec nad Ohří, Bohemia, in 1629 Eulau Castle, expropriated in 1946, in the second half of the 17th century Děčín Castle (German: Tetschen), then the family's main seat until it was sold in 1932. Later they also acquired Choltice Castle and Benátky nad Jizerou Castle, and several palaces in Prague.
Of the three sons of Count Franz Anton (1786–1873) and his wife Countess Theresia Anna Maria (née von Brühl), the eldest, Friedrich von Thun und Hohenstein (1810–1881), entered the diplomatic service. After holding other posts he was in 1850 appointed president of the restored German Diet at Frankfurt, where he represented the anti-Prussian policy of Prince Felix Schwarzenberg, and often came into conflict with Prince Bismarck, who was the Prussian envoy. He was afterwards ambassador at Berlin and St. Petersburg. After his retirement in 1863 from the public service in the Bohemian Landtag and the Austrian Reichsrat he supported the federal policy of his brother Leo . In 1879 he was made a hereditary member of the Upper House. In this position he was, on his death 24 September 1881, succeeded by his eldest son Franz (born 1847).
Countess Maria Wilhelmine von Thun und Hohenstein, née Countess von Ulfeldt was a Viennese aristocrat of the 18th century. She was the hostess of a musically and intellectually outstanding salon, and a patroness of music, notably that of Mozart and Beethoven.
Count Leopold von Thun und Hohenstein (1811–1888) was a leading Austrian statesman who was later a minister in the cabinets of Schwarzenberg and Bach.
Count Franz Anton von Thun und Hohenstein, Czech : hrabě František Antonín z Thunu a Hohensteina (1847–1916) was an Austro-Hungarian nobleman and statesman. He was Governor of his native Bohemia from 1889 to 1896 and again from 1911 to 1915. He was elevated to princely rank by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on 19 July 1911. Leaving no sons, he was succeeded in the princely title by his brother Jaroslav (1864-1929).
Fra' Galeazzo von Thun und Hohenstein (1850–1931) was the 75th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1905 to 1931.
Róża Maria Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein ( née Woźniakowska, born 13 April 1954), usually shortened to Róża Thun, married Franz Graf von Thun und Hohenstein in 1981. She is a European Parliament Member (MEP) from Poland since 2009.
Ferdinand I was the Emperor of Austria from 1835 until his abdication in 1848. As ruler of Austria, he was also President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia, King of Lombardy–Venetia and holder of many other lesser titles. Due to his rocky, passive but good-intended character, he gained the sobriquet The Benign or The Good.
Děčín is a city in the Ústí nad Labem Region in the north of the Czech Republic. It is the largest municipality and administrative seat of the Děčín District. From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland, then controlled by Nazi Germany.
Princess Sophie of Hohenberg was the only daughter of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, both of whom were assassinated at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Their assassination triggered the First World War, thus Sophie and her two brothers are sometimes described as the first orphans of the First World War.
Karl Alois, Prince Lichnowsky was the second Prince Lichnowsky and a chamberlain at the Imperial Austrian court. He is remembered for his patronage of music and his relationships with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven.
Prince Ernst of Hohenberg was the second son of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his morganatic wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, who were assassinated at Sarajevo in 1914.
The Emperor Franz Joseph Railway was an Austrian private railway company, named after Emperor Franz Joseph I. It operated railway lines from the Austrian capital Vienna to Prague and Eger (Cheb) in Bohemia.
Benátky nad Jizerou is a town on the Jizera river which is also known as Kbelačka in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic, between the cities Stará Boleslav and Mladá Boleslav.
Fürstenberg is the name of a Swabian noble house in Germany, based primarily in what is today southern Baden-Württemberg near the source of the Danube river.
Klášterec nad Ohří is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. The River Ohře runs through the town.
Felix Ludwig Johann Friedrich, Prince of Schwarzenberg was a Bohemian nobleman and an Austrian statesman who restored the Austrian Empire as a European great power following the Revolutions of 1848. He served as Minister-President of the Austrian Empire and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1852.
Schwarzenberg is a Czech (Bohemian) and German (Franconian) aristocratic family, and it was one of the most prominent European noble houses. The Schwarzenbergs are members of the Czech nobility and German nobility and achieved the rank of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The family belongs to the high nobility and traces its roots to the Lords of Seinsheim during the Middle Ages.
Jílové is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic.
Leopold Graf von Thun und Hohenstein was a leading Austrian statesman from the Thun und Hohenstein family.
Prince Franz Anton von Thun und Hohenstein, Czech: kníže František Antonín z Thunu a Hohensteina was an Austro-Hungarian noble and statesman.
The Chateau at Klášterec nad Ohří is on the left bank of the Ohře River, in the northwestern part of the historical region of Bohemia. It is in Klášterec nad Ohří of the Ústí nad Labem Region in the Czech Republic. The chateau complex is a prominent landmark in the town's recently restored historic urban conservation area.
Rudolf, 6th Prince Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau was the 6th Prince Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau.
Clary und Aldringen, also known as Clary-Aldringen, is one of the most prominent Austro-Hungarian princely families. Originally from Friuli, Northern Italy, one branch of the family moved to the County of Tyrol around 1500 and to the Kingdom of Bohemia around 1600, where it became one of the leading families of the Bohemian nobility. It produced several notable Austro-Hungarian statesmen, military officers and diplomats.
Bohuslav, Count Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin. was a Bohemian nobleman and a diplomat in the service of Austria-Hungary. He was the father of Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, the morganatic wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Leopold Leonhard Raymund Count of Thun and Hohenstein(* 17 April 1748 in the town of Tetschen in the castle of Tetschen, † 22 October 1826 at Cibulka castle near Körbern, now Prague-Košíře) was the 73rd Bishop of Passau and the last Prince-Bishop of Passau.
The Empress Elisabeth Bridge was a chain bridge that spanned the Elbe between Tetschen on the east bank with Bodenbach in northern Bohemia. It was opened in 1855, named after Empress Elisabeth of Austria, and connected Tetschen to the major railroad from Dresden to Prague. The bridge was demolished in the early 1930s, but its piers were used for the modern bridge replacing it.