Thunder Bay (Michigan)

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Thunder Bay
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Thunder Bay
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Thunder Bay
Location Alpena County, Michigan [1]
Coordinates 45°00′00″N83°24′00″W / 45.00000°N 83.40000°W / 45.00000; -83.40000 Coordinates: 45°00′00″N83°24′00″W / 45.00000°N 83.40000°W / 45.00000; -83.40000
Type Bay [1]
Surface elevation581 feet (177 m) [1]
1755 Bellin Map of the Great Lakes - Geographicus - GreatLakes-bellin-1755.jpg
Northern Michigan as shown on a 1755 Map of New France showing various islands, land features, rivers, and settlements. (In French, "I. du Castor" means Beaver Island, "L'ours qui dort" means The Bear That Sleeps, and "ance au tonnerre" means Thunder Bay). The map also shows several rivers that exist today with similar names: Rue Aux Buscies, and Rue d'Oulamanittie, Rue du Pierre Marquet.

Thunder Bay is a bay in the U.S. state of Michigan on Lake Huron. The bay extends from North Point at 45°01′19″N83°15′58″W / 45.02194°N 83.26611°W / 45.02194; -83.26611 to South Point at 44°53′00″N83°18′51″W / 44.88333°N 83.31417°W / 44.88333; -83.31417 .

The city of Alpena lies at the mouth of the Thunder Bay River at 45°03′48″N83°25′41″W / 45.06333°N 83.42806°W / 45.06333; -83.42806 . The entire bay lies within Alpena County, with Alpena Township in the north and Sanborn Township in the south.

Several islands in the bay are protected as part of the Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Thunder Bay Island lies just east of North Point outside the bay. The wildlife in the Bay's waters are protected as part of the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

The name is the English translation of the French Anse du Tonnerre, which appears as early as the map of Franquelin in 1688. It was probably derived from the Native American name, as they believed that the Bay was peculiarly subject to thunder storms.

There are a substantial number of shipwrecks in and around Thunder Bay. Diving is an important activity. [2]

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The Thunder Bay River is a 75.4-mile-long (121.3 km) river in the U.S. state of Michigan. It drains much of Alpena County and Montmorency County, and a small portion of Oscoda County, into Thunder Bay on the eastern side of northern Michigan. The mouth of the river is in the heart of downtown Alpena and is guarded by the Alpena Light Station.

Thunder Bay Island is a 215-acre (87 ha) island in Lake Huron. The island is one of eight constituent islands of the Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The island is part of Alpena Township in Alpena County. It marks the entrance to Thunder Bay, the harbor of Alpena, Michigan and the location of the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary.

Scarecrow Island

Scarecrow Island is a small, 7-acre (0.03-km²) island in Lake Huron. It forms the southern limit of Thunder Bay and helps define the harbor of Alpena, Michigan. It is part of Sanborn Township, in Alpena County, Michigan.

Alpena Light

The Alpena Light, also known as the Thunder Bay River Lighthouse or Alpena Breakwater Light, is a lighthouse on Lake Huron near Alpena, Michigan. Standing on the north breakwater of Alpena Harbor, the light marks the entrance to the Thunder Bay River from Thunder Bay. The current lighthouse, built in 1914, replaced earlier wooden structures which had been in use since 1877 and 1888. The current light is a weather-protected structure on a steel frame. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006, and the state inventory list the same year.

Devils River is a 2.4-mile-long (3.9 km) river in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located mostly in Alpena County south of the city of Alpena.

Michigan Islands Wilderness Area

Michigan Islands Wilderness Area, a relatively small wilderness area of 12.5 acres (0.05 km2.), consists of Pismire Island, Scarecrow Island, and Shoe Island within the Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge. These three islands, which constitute part of the group of islands that make up the larger refuge, were elevated to the rank of a United States wilderness area in 1970. All three islands are noted for their infrequent human visitation and their roles as breeding grounds for freshwater wading birds, such as the great blue heron.

Black River Island

Black River Island is an island in Lake Huron. It is part of a series of shoals around the mouth of Black River and is 34 mile (1.21 km) NE of it. The island is included within the unincorporated community of Black River in Alcona Township.

Middle Island (Lake Huron)

Middle Island is an island in Lake Huron, located in Alpena Township, Alpena County, Michigan. The island is positioned little over a mile and a half from the community of Lakewood on the mainland. The Middle Island Light, listed on the National Register of Historic Places and built in 1905, lies on the eastern edge of the island. It used to be home to a Life-Saving Station. The light house was automated in 1961, and regular staffing ceased. The island is within the boundaries of the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary. It preserves the lighthouse along with the shipwreck Portsmouth (1867). 45.1978°N 83.3338°W

References

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Thunder Bay (Michigan)
  2. "Thunder Bay". www.nedivenews.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2008. Retrieved 24 March 2008.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)