Thunder Mountain (Tulare County, California)

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Thunder Mountain
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Thunder Mountain
Location of Thunder Mountain in California
Highest point
Elevation 13,523+ ft (4,122+ m)  NAVD 88 [1]
Prominence 525 ft (160 m) [1]
Listing
  • SPS Mountaineers peak [2]
  • Western States Climbers Star peak [3]
Coordinates 36°40′09″N118°28′33″W / 36.6691038°N 118.4759288°W / 36.6691038; -118.4759288 Coordinates: 36°40′09″N118°28′33″W / 36.6691038°N 118.4759288°W / 36.6691038; -118.4759288 [4]
Geography
Location Tulare County California, U.S.
Parent range Great Western Divide, Sierra Nevada
Topo map USGS Mount Brewer
Climbing
First ascent 1905 by George Davis [5]
Easiest route Climb, class 3–4 [5]

Thunder Mountain is located in the northern part of the Great Western Divide, a sub-range of the Sierra Nevada in California. The summit marks a point on the boundary between Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks and is 0.6 miles (1 km) north of Table Mountain and south 2.8 miles (4.5 km) Mount Brewer. Thunder pass, on the mountains east side, has an elevation of 12,720+ feet (3 877+ m). [5] This pass marks the western end of the Kings-Kern Divide.

Great Western Divide

The Great Western Divide is a Sierra Nevada mountain range that forms part of the border between the Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks. Some of the summits of the Great Western Divide reach well over 13,000 feet (3,962 m). The High Sierra Trail crosses the range at Kaweah Gap from Sequoia National Park.

Sierra Nevada (U.S.) mountain range

The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in the Western United States, between the Central Valley of California and the Great Basin. The vast majority of the range lies in the state of California, although the Carson Range spur lies primarily in Nevada. The Sierra Nevada is part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges that consists of an almost continuous sequence of such ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 8.8 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

The mountain was named by George R. Davis, a topographer with the United States Geological Survey. He made the first ascent, in August 1905, to establish a benchmark on the summit. [6] The name appears on the Mt. Whitney, USGS 30 minute topographic map of 1905, [7] and was officially recognized by the Board on Geographic Names in 1928. [4]

Topography The study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects

Topography is the study of the shape and features of land surfaces. The topography of an area could refer to the surface shapes and features themselves, or a description.

United States Geological Survey scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

Benchmark (surveying) point with known height used in surveying when levelling

The term benchmark, or bench mark, originates from the chiseled horizontal marks that surveyors made in stone structures, into which an angle-iron could be placed to form a "bench" for a leveling rod, thus ensuring that a leveling rod could be accurately repositioned in the same place in the future. These marks were usually indicated with a chiseled arrow below the horizontal line.

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Mount Muir mountain

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Mount Tyndall mountain in California

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Table Mountain (Tulare County, California)

Table Mountain is located near the northern end of the Great Western Divide, a sub-range of the Sierra Nevada in California. The summit marks a point on the boundary between Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks and is 0.6 miles (1 km) south of Thunder Mountain and 1.3 miles (2.1 km) northeast of Midway Mountain.

Mount Le Conte (California) mountain located in the Sierra Nevada of California

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Triple Divide Peak (Tulare County, California) mountain in United States of America

Triple Divide Peak is a mountain along the Great Western Divide in the Sierra Nevada range on the boundary between Kings Canyon and Sequoia national parks, in Tulare County, California. It rises to 12,640 feet (3,853 m).

Mount Brewer mountain in United States of America

Mount Brewer is on the Great Western Divide, a sub-range of the Sierra Nevada in California. It is located in Kings Canyon National Park,

Mount Clarence King mountain in United States of America

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Mount Keith mountain in Sierra Nevada range, California, United States

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Milestone Mountain thirteener on the Great Western Divide

Milestone Mountain is a thirteener on the Great Western Divide, a subrange of the Sierra Nevada. The summit marks a point on the boundary between Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks. It is 0.6 miles (0.97 km) south of Midway Mountain and 3.8 miles (6.1 km) northeast of Triple Divide Peak. It takes its name from the shape of the obelisk on its peak, and has been called this since at least 1873.

Alta Peak

Alta Peak is in Sequoia National Park not far from Giant Forest. Before 1896, the mountain was known as Tharps Peak. By 1903 it was generally known by its current name and Alta Peak appears on the Tehipite quadrangle, USGS 30 minute topographic map of 1905, and was officially recognized by the Board on Geographic Names in 1928. The Sierra Club Bulletin noted that the name Alta Peak was "euphonious". A meadow on its southern slope had long been known as Alta Meadow. A rocky outcrop, 0.5 miles (0.8 km) southwest of the summit, is now known as Tharps Rock. Hale Tharp was the first euro-American to explore the Giant Forest area. His summer camp, a hollowed out Sequoia log near Crescent Meadow known as Tharp's Log, is popular with park visitors.

Mount McAdie mountain in United States of America

Mount McAdie is summit on the crest of the Sierra Nevada, and is located 2.1 miles (3.4 km) south of Mount Whitney. It has three summits, with the north peak being the highest. The summit ridge marks the boundary between Sequoia National Park and the John Muir Wilderness. It is also on the boundary between Inyo and Tulare counties. Lone Pine, 12.4 miles (20.0 km) to the northeast, is in the Owens Valley on U.S. 395.

Mount Ericsson mountain in United States of America

Mount Ericsson is a 13,589-foot (4,142 m) summit on the Kings-Kern Divide, a part of the Great Western Divide. It marks the boundary between Sequoia National Park and Kings Canyon National Park. Water falling on the north slopes flow into the Kings River by way of Bubbs Creek while the southern slopes form the headwaters of the Kern River.

References

  1. 1 2 "Thunder Mountain, California". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  2. "Sierra Peaks Section List" (PDF). Angeles Chapter, Sierra Club . Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  3. "Western States Climbers List". Climber.org. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
  4. 1 2 "Thunder Mountain". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2016-03-24.
  5. 1 2 3 Roper, Steve (1976). The Climber's Guide to the High Sierra. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books. pp. 252, 276 & 362. ISBN   9780871561473.
  6. Browning, Peter (1986). Place Names of the Sierra Nevada. Berkeley: Wilderness Press. p. 216. ISBN   978-0-89997-119-3.
  7. Whitney Quadrangle (Map) (1st ed.). 1:12500. USGS. 1907. Retrieved 2016-03-24 via USC Digital Library.